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Inflammation of the cervix



   

[Intro]

Cervicitis is a common disease of women of childbearing age, both acute and chronic. acute cervicitis is often associated with endometritis or acute vaginitis exists, but chronic cervicitis. Mainly as leucorrhea, was thick mucus or purulent mucus, sometimes with bloodshot eyes, or there are bloodshot. chronic mechanical irritation is the main cause leading to cervicitis.


Overview

Chinese Name: inflammation of the cervix
English name: cervicite
性生活过频 or habitual abortion, childbirth and abortion surgery, etc. can damage the cervix, leading to bacterial invasion and the formation of inflammation, or directly due to pyogenic bacteria infection, or high concentrations of acid or alkaline solution rinse the vagina, or placed or left in the vaginal foreign body infection due. chronic cervicitis than childbirth, miscarriage or surgical injury cervix, invasive pathogens and cause infection. chronic cervicitis performance. Such as cervical erosion, cervical hypertrophy, cervical polyps, cervical gland cyst endocervical Yandeng, of which the most common cervical erosion. Treatment of cervical inflammation and cervical inflammation in various diseases caused by illness, you can use some professional clinical drug treatment, such as Europe qin Sri Lanka, the treatment of cervical inflammatory effect significant, can completely cure all types of cervical inflammation. understanding

correctly think for cervicitis understanding of a people, end up married women, there will be, it will not affect the work without affecting the life, insignificant, treatment and no treatment the same. Another person believe that the cervicitis is a precancerous lesion, and talk about the mere mention of cancer, have a "fear of cancer affect the personal feelings and even daily life, these are incorrect. chronic cervicitis and cervical cancer, there are some common symptoms such as vaginal spotting or vaginal discharge after intercourse with bloodshot eyes. Such a case, be sure to make pap smears, colposcopy and cervical biopsy to rule out cancer after treatment of cervicitis.

symptoms

1, acute cervicitis


: leucorrhea increase was purulent, with low back pain, lower abdominal discomfort.
2, chronic cervicitis: leucorrhea and more milky white, there are bloodshot eyes, mucous or vaginal sexual intercourse or bleeding with vulvar itching, lumbosacral pain, menstrual heavier.
3, signs: acute cervicitis, pelvic examination, cervical hyperemia, edema, and tenderness; chronic cervicitis, gynecological examination, cervical varying degrees of erosion, hypertrophy or polyps.

cervical defense system

cervix and vagina squamous
the cervix within the mouth closed
the ③ cervix mucus plug

etiology

mechanical irritation or injury cervicitis occurred and sexual relations, natural or abortion, diagnostic curettage and delivery can cause cervical injury caused by inflammation, adult women should pay attention to contraception to avoid or reduce abortion, pay attention to post-natal health, to avoid post-natal infection.

pathogens

cervicitis due to childbirth, miscarriage or surgical injury occurred. The main pathogens are:
1) sexually transmitted disease pathogens: neisseria gonorrhoeae and mycoplasma Chlamydia.
2) endogenous pathogens: Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, e. coli and anaerobic bacteria and so on.
3): protozoan trichomonas and Entamoeba. Special circumstances, for chemicals and radiation.

chemicals to stimulate

douching with potassium permanganate solution, or suppository into the vagina, can cause cervicitis. the

vaginal foreign body infection

vaginal foreign body infection caused by cervicitis misunderstanding Although cervicitis is a common gynecological disease.

clinical manifestations

cervical erosion

can have various manifestations of chronic cervicitis in the local: cervical erosion (cervical erosion) cervical erosion is a chronic cervical the scorching lesion most common local features. The surface of the cervix was red lesions, squamous epithelium off, replaced by columnar epithelium, subepithelial vascular revealed the results. Clearly the boundaries of the erosion surface with the surrounding normal squamous epithelium. Non-real erosion, also known as "pseudo-erosion (" pseudoerosion). Speed ​​according to the extent of inflammation and the growth of columnar epithelium, cervical erosion can be expressed as three types. This is the most common form of chronic cervicitis. The performance was part of the cervical os at the cervix and vagina appearance granular red zone.

cervical hypertrophy

Because of the long-term stimulation of chronic inflammation, the cervix congestion, edema, glandular and stromal hyperplasia, leaving the cervix showed varying degrees of hypertrophy.

cervical polyp

long-term stimulation of chronic inflammation, cervical canal mucosa local hyperplasia due to uterine rejection role, hyperplasia of the mucous membrane gradually protruding from the cervix, the formation of polyps.

cervical gland cyst

, also known as Naboth, referred to as satisfied capsule. This is a prominent surface of the cervix green white vesicles.

cervical meningitis

cervical canal inflammation. Inflammation confined to the mucous membrane of the cervical canal and its organization, clinical see the cervix and vagina smooth, but the cervix hyperemia or purulent secretions plug.

Myth

Although cervicitis is a common gynecological disease, but the disease many women friends do not understand, there is some misunderstanding.
The people that will end up married women cervicitis, it will not affect the work without affecting the life, insignificant treatment with no treatment.
Another person believes that cervicitis is a precancerous lesion, talking about the mere mention of cancer, have a "fear of cancer affect the personal feelings and even daily life. These are not correct. chronic cervicitis and cervical cancer, there are some common symptoms such as vaginal spotting or vaginal discharge after intercourse with bloodshot eyes. Such a case, be sure to make pap smears, colposcopy and cervical biopsy to rule out cancer after treatment of cervicitis.

category

chronic cervicitis

Overview
chronic cervicitis, chronic erosive or proliferative inflammation of the cervix, and more transformed from acute cervicitis, no significant acute phase performance. chronic cervicitis is clinically the most common illnesses, age, significantly increased the incidence of unmarried women is rare. Mainly passing and sex life caused by stimulation of the cervix. Equivalent to the areas of medicine, gynecological disease.
The main symptoms
chronic cervicitis the main symptoms of increased vaginal discharge. The leucorrhea milky white mucus-like, sometimes yellow or pus-like, accompanied by formation of polyps, bloody vaginal discharge or after sexual intercourse bleeding. When the inflammation spread to pelvic, lumbosacral pain, abdominal bulge, and dysmenorrhea. These symptoms before and after menstruation, defecation and sexual intercourse increased. Sometimes accompanied by frequent urination, difficulty urinating, and menstrual irregularities, infertility. cervical erosion and cervical cancer are closely related. In patients suffering from cervical erosion, cervical cancer incidence is much higher than in patients with cervical erosion, it is suffering from cervical erosion should be actively treated.
chronic cervicitis are generally acute infection to continue the transition from impatient cervicitis. Many branches of cervical glands, and cervical canal endometrial folds, the infection is not easy is the complete elimination of chronic inflammation, more common in childbirth, miscarriage or surgical injury cervical, and some patients without symptoms of acute cervicitis, direct chronic cervicitis. Pathogens of chronic cervicitis as staphylococcus, streptococcus, e. coli and anaerobic bacteria. chronic inflammation, leucorrhea, and some color yellow like soy milk, and some were milky white mucus-like, some yellow like pus, there was bloody or bleeding after sexual intercourse. If the inflammation spread to the pelvic cavity, can cause symptoms of abdominal bulge, lumbosacral pain and dysmenorrhea.
diagnostic points
Clinical manifestations increased vaginal discharge, thick, or become purulent, or with bloodshot eyes. Clinical divided into cervical erosion (mild, moderate, severe erosion), cervical polyps and cervical gland follicular cysts. Among them, the most common cervical erosion. Visible vaginal discharge increased significantly, yellow or red, or a purulent, smell fishy, ​​or with the sexual intercourse pain, vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse, lower abdominal pain, serious contacts bleeding, and leads to infertility and vaginal endoscopic naked eye in the mirror, you can diagnose this disease. Often vaginitis adnexitis disease. In addition, for a cervical smear or biopsy to rule out malignant lesions.

acute cervicitis

Overview
acute cervicitis puerperal infection or septic abortion. trichomonas vaginalis, fungi, and gonorrhea infection is often accompanied by acute cervicitis.
symptoms
symptoms of acute cervicitis as the naked eye swelling, cervical and endocervical mucosal congestion, edema. Light microscope, vascular congestion of the cervical mucosa and submucosa, a large number of glands around the neutrophil infiltration, glandular cavity visible purulent secretions, secretions via the cervix, mouth out, showing for the acute inflammatory changes.
vaginal secretions were mucopurulent stimulation of the vaginal secretions can cause genital itching, accompanied by backache and lower abdominal pain fall. In addition, often the next urinary tract symptoms, such as urgency, frequency, dysuria. chlamydia trachomatis infection may also occur, the volume increased, the symptoms of bleeding between periods, bleeding after intercourse. Gynecological examinations see cervical congestion, edema, erosion, mucopurulent secretions from the cervical canal outflow.
diagnosis
increased vaginal discharge is the most common acute cervicitis, and sometimes the only symptoms, often purulent. cervicitis often coexist with urethritis, cystitis, or acute vaginitis, impatient endometritis, etc., often makes the other symptoms of cervicitis were covered, such as different levels of the lower abdomen, lumbosacral pain and bladder irritation . Acute gonococcal cervicitis may have varying degrees of fever and leukocytosis. A variety of pathogens in infections caused by the discharge performance of the different characters, sometimes visual inspection can be identified, details about genital inflammation, vaginal inflammation, Zhang, accurate diagnosis of cervical secretions should still take for smear or culture in order for processing.
pathological changes
similar to the pathological changes of infection and inflammation, cervical hyperemia and mild edema. The cervical mucous membrane inside out, there are a large number of purulent mucus discharge from the neck. Microscope: the cervical mucosa and submucosa organization has a large number of neutrophils infiltration, hyperemia, and varying degrees of edema. Sometimes the inflammatory lesions may invade through the epithelial glands of the lumen caused by epithelial shedding, increased glandular secretions and purulent, full of glandular, resulting in a high degree of expansion of glandular.

treatment

general treatment

a lot of harmful bacteria invade the vaginal mucosal folds in the vaginal wall and this is a minor infection, usually with female care solution genital cleaning to maintain the vaginal self-cleaning function can be solved, but harmful bacteria into the vaginal vault and cervix can cause cervicitis. At this time can not rely on vaginal self-cleaning function to solve the problem, use the lotion, the best depth to the vaginal vault and cervix, the catheter length is determined on the basis of the female physiological characteristics, which can significantly improve the inflammation of the fornix bit. Such as Jiao Yan Jieyin lotion with patent eight-hole nozzles can be done into the vaginal vault and cervix. Products in general is difficult to reach this site, so easily lead to the recurrence of gynecological inflammation.

western medicine

maintain genital cleanliness, with pH4 weak acid female care solution to clean the vulva, frequently changes underwear after treatment, temporary ban on sexual intercourse and a tub bath. mucus are available beauties Jieyin lotion washing, or 5% potassium dichromate, 20% to 40% silver nitrate. Systemic symptoms, as abdominal pain, back pain, frequent urination, etc., can be treated with antibiotics. Attention to preventing cross-infection, acute phase prohibits sex life, attention to proper rest.

Chinese medicine treatment

hot and humid place bets performance: vaginal discharge volume, color yellow and white or purulent, with bloodshot eyes. vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse, pain or sexual intercourse. Bulge backache, abdominal distension and fall, or frequent urination, pain, yin Yang, mouth and throat pain. Red, yellow and greasy fur, slippery pulse. ① lentil flower 9 grams, 12 grams of Chun White, were wrapped with gauze, add 200 ml of water, Jianqu 150 ml graded drinking is generally one week to take effect. (Cloth), coix 30 g 30 g (2) new silkworm sand, put tile pot and add the amount of water decoction, 1 day, and even served 5 to 7 days. 2, spleen and kidney deficiency performance: vaginal discharge volume A thin, ceaseless, eat less Shenpi, weak waist, looking minimalist, or loose stool. pale tongue, white or greasy, How slow pulse.

family self-treatment

Massage: first the palm of your hand rub, and then with the palm of your hand push down on the friction lower abdomen several times, and then hand massage inner thighs several times, the pain point part on more practices, in order to thermal degrees. Finally, rubbing with the palm of your hand after lumbosacral several times, use rubbing method 2 to 3 minutes, so that the thermal spread to the lower abdomen. Applicator 3 Fumigation: cnidium 30 grams, 30 grams flavescens, dried alum 15 grams, treats 10 g of water to cook, the first after Washing Bath genitals, apply to damp-heat syndrome.

diet

① The antler 6 g, white nuts 30, 30 g of yam and medicine, a pig bladder. The first pig bladder wash, mash of various drugs into the pig bladder, bladder port truss, slow fire (small fire) Dunzhi overripe, into the salt a little seasoning, medicine, meat, soup with take.
② The eucommia 30 g (cloth), 30 to 60 g rice, cook the porridge to dregs, eating porridge. One a day, and even food from 7 to 8.

washing treatment of cervicitis

take the bit: the cervix. Methods of operation: Take siphonostegia 60 g 30 g Patrinia, indica 30 g, 100 g of long-nosed pit viper Herbs, treats 30 g, matrine and 30 grams, 30 grams of honeysuckle, dandelion 60 grams, water decoction taken 1000 ml, the temperature dropped to 20 ° C to 25 ° C until the stew for flushing. The patient supine, curved legs, open the vagina stew using hoses to wash cervical extension Yam. 1 time per day. During treatment to avoid intercourse. The cervicitis topical treatments, such as scald, electrocautery, freezing, laser, and local applicator and surgery can also be used.
drug treatment: apply to small erosion area, inflammation invasion shallow or subject to conditions limit patients, with 25% silver nitrate and other localized corrosion in the local Yindao Yi lavage before treatment, and then with a dry dry cotton balls, cotton balls to protect the normal vaginal mucosa. chinese medicine powder can also be used, but the menstrual period, pregnancy prohibit the use of prohibited sex life after treatment and bath.
Local therapy: for a variety of patients. quadruple therapy for local treatment - liquid rinse the vagina, ozone atomization, the red light, symptomatic medication inside the vagina. Chinese medicine liquid rinse the vagina and then the red light or microwave irradiation.
vaginal routine after rinsing liquid atomization, the use of certain blood circulation to rot myogenic Chinese medicine ointment to smear with inflammation or erosion surface, and then the red light or microwave radiation .
surgery: surgical treatment will normally be once and for all, scab healing of a good daily diet and health habits, you can once again avoid suffering from chronic cervicitis.

cervicitis hazards

cervical erosion cause infertility occurrence of cervical erosion, especially moderate, severe cervical erosion, cervical secretions increased significantly, viscous texture, and a large number of white blood cells, which will have adverse effects on sperm motility, and prevent the sperm into the uterine cavity, affect the pregnancy.
cervical erosion lead to complications when suffering from a cervical erosion, can cause inflammation of other organs, such as: cervical erosion, pathogens can uplink to cause endometritis; through the uterine ligaments, lymphatic spread caused by chronic pelvic inflammatory disease; when the inflammation spread to the bladder trigone, can cause diseases of the urinary system and irritation symptoms such as dysuria, frequent urination or difficulty urinating.
can cause deeper lesions due to chronic inflammation in long-term stimulation, the deeper disease that can cause polyps, laceration, eversion, and cyst.
cervical erosion increases cancer probability gynecology expert analysis, women of cervical erosion, cervical cancer was higher than the general population nearly ten times, in the stimulation of chronic inflammation, cervical hyperplasia from columnar epithelium atypical hyperplasia, if not timely and correct treatment, will be gradually to the direction of the cervical lesions, cervical erosion is often combined hpv infection, it is one of the suspicious signal that causes cervical cancer, which The development process generally takes 5 to 10 years time. In general, simply suffering from cervicitis does not pose much of a threat, but often because of cervicitis due to leucorrhea, low back pain, abdominal bulge, and other symptoms may affect one's mood, and from the perspective of anti-cancer cervicitis and cervical cancer are closely related. census data related to the anti-cancer cervix without erosion of 0.39% of cervical cancer, uterine erosion but 2.05 percent of cervical cancer. Of active treatment of chronic cervicitis, for to take proactive and preventive measures to protect women's health and the prevention of cervical cancer has great significance.
cervicitis is also a cause of abortion, cervicitis, and organizational change, decreased flexibility, the delivery process is not smooth; severe cervicitis also affect the sex life ...

of cervicitis prevention and nursed back to health

1, to keep the vulva clean.
2, to minimize abortion and other gynecological surgery for cervical injury.
3, menstrual pause cervix on the drug treatment during the ban on sexual intercourse.
chronic cervicitis the main symptoms of increased vaginal discharge. The leucorrhea milky white mucus-like, sometimes yellow or pus-like, accompanied by formation of polyps, bloody vaginal discharge or after sexual intercourse bleeding. When the inflammation spread to pelvic, lumbosacral pain, abdominal bulge, and dysmenorrhea. These symptoms before and after menstruation, defecation and sexual intercourse increased. Sometimes accompanied by frequent urination, difficulty urinating, and menstrual irregularities, infertility.
cervical erosion and cervical cancer have a close relationship. In patients suffering from cervical erosion, cervical cancer incidence is much higher than in patients with cervical erosion, it is suffering from cervical erosion should be actively treated.

cervicitis problem

cervicitis bleeding do

the cervicitis bleeding how to do? Many women suffering from cervicitis, bleeding tendency, some sex life contact bleeding, and some irregular vaginal bleeding, some vaginal discharge associated with bloodshot eyes, blood, blood clots, and many women suffering from cervicitis, will appear bleeding tendency, and most manifested as increased vaginal discharge, yellow, then suffering from cervicitis bleeding how to do?
cervicitis common symptoms of leucorrhea, the phenomenon of contact bleeding. Cervicitis, bleeding due to the patient's physical, pathogens differences, bleeding will occur color, texture, and changes in the state. At this time, a female friend should promptly go to the hospital to conduct a comprehensive inspection and under the guidance of a doctor, use of hemostatic agents to stop bleeding, to carry out effective and comprehensive hemostasis.

cervicitis on the flow of influential

cervicitis acute and chronic. acute cervicitis is often associated with endometritis or acute vaginitis exists, but chronic cervicitis. Mainly as leucorrhea, was thick mucus or purulent mucus, sometimes with bloodshot eyes, or there are bloodshot. Thus, the general cervical inflammatory episodes of not to use the abortion, usually to control the disease of inflammation or other aspects of the body to the implementation of induced abortion.
but if it is mild cervicitis with anti-inflammatory symptomatic treatment after abortion. Such as the cervicitis heavier anti-inflammatory after surgery for two or three days until the inflammation was controlled. Surgical instruments through the cervix into the uterine cavity of the abortion operation if the preoperative wrong cervicitis treatment, most likely with surgical instruments will be hidden within the cervical canal bacteria into the uterine cavity. After surgery, uterine memory surgical wound, just provide favorable conditions for bacterial growth and reproduction, resulting in intrauterine infection.

women of childbearing age prevention cervicitis

the cervix is ​​the channel of the vagina leading to the uterus, but also the prevention of vaginal pathogens invade the uterine cavity, the important line of defense of the abdominal cavity. However, when cervical injury, decreased body resistance, susceptible to pathogen infection, and thus prone to cervicitis.
cervicitis is a common disease of women of childbearing age, about 40% of the total number of outpatient ~ 50%. Cervicitis, clinical manifestations of early stage cervical cancer are very similar and difficult to identify, and the occurrence of cervical cancer and cervicitis, therefore the majority of women should be taken seriously enough.
cervical susceptible to birth, intrauterine operating damage, when the endocervical mucosal columnar epithelium thinning, its ability to resist infection is weakened, it is vulnerable to pathogens. Pathogens of chronic cervicitis as staphylococcus, streptococcus, e. coli and anaerobic bacteria. chronic cervicitis of chlamydia trachomatis and neisseria gonorrhoeae infection is also increasing. In addition, the herpes simplex virus may also do with the occurrence of cervicitis.
chronic cervicitis is not complete, the treatment of acute cervicitis pathogens seclusion within the uterine mucosa. Do not show acute symptoms, and directly the occurrence of chronic cervicitis. individual patients with congenital cervical erosion. chronic cervicitis, cervical hypertrophy, cervical erosion, cervical polyp, cervical mucositis and cervical gland cyst in five kinds of performance. Its main symptoms are increased vaginal discharge. The case of patients with cervical cancer, cervical erosion, while the performance of bleeding after intercourse. Different scope and extent of pathogens, inflammation, cervicitis leucorrhea nature, quantity, color and odor. Milky white mucus-like, or light yellow purulent such as leucorrhea, and accompanied by the formation of polyps tend to have a bloody vaginal discharge or bleeding after sexual intercourse. When the inflammation spread to pelvic, lumbosacral pain of lower abdominal bulge. viscous purulent secretions is not conducive to sperm through the cervix, can cause infertility. In general, the cervicitis patients with varying degrees of erosion, hypertrophy, polyps, laceration, eversion and cervical cyst in the performance of visible cervical gynecological examination.
chronic cervicitis diagnosis is not difficult, but be cervical intraepithelial neoplasia-like lesions, early stage cervical cancer, cervical tuberculosis identification, needs and gonorrhea, syphilis and warts and other identification. Routine examination, such as cervical smears, cervical canal suction piece for colposcopy and biopsy when necessary, can often confirm the diagnosis.
due to the occurrence of cervical cancer and cervicitis have a certain relationship, cervicitis patients with a doctor, active treatment, especially in moderate and severe cervical erosion. Cervical multi-point biopsy should be OK for women to severe cervical erosion, if necessary, timely diagnosis and treatment of precancerous lesions to block the occurrence of cervical cancer.

cervicitis and cervical erosion, the difference between

cervicitis is a common disease of women of childbearing age, both acute and chronic. acute cervicitis is often associated with endometritis or acute vaginitis exists, but chronic cervicitis.
chronic cervicitis than childbirth, miscarriage or surgical damage the cervix, invasive pathogens cause infection. chronic cervicitis performance. Such as cervical erosion, cervical hypertrophy, cervical polyps, cervical gland cyst, which is the most common cervical erosion.
chronic cervicitis the main symptoms of increased vaginal discharge. The leucorrhea milky white mucus-like, sometimes yellow or pus-like, accompanied by formation of polyps, bloody vaginal discharge or after sexual intercourse bleeding. When the inflammation spread to pelvic, lumbosacral pain, abdominal bulge, and dysmenorrhea. These symptoms before and after menstruation, defecation and sexual intercourse increased. Sometimes accompanied by frequent urination, difficulty urinating, and menstrual irregularities, infertility.
cervical erosion and cervical cancer have a close relationship. In patients suffering from cervical erosion, cervical cancer incidence is much higher than in patients with cervical erosion, it is suffering from cervical erosion should be actively treated.
The main symptoms:
leucorrhea. Acute cervicitis, vaginal discharge was purulent, with the lower abdomen and lumbosacral pain, urinary frequency, urgency, dysuria, bladder irritation. Cervical inflammation, chronic officer leucorrhea milky white mucus-like, or light yellow purulent; severe cervical erosion or cervical polyps, was bleeding bloody vaginal discharge or after sexual intercourse. Light can no systemic symptoms, and spread to pelvic inflammation along the uterosacral ligament, lumbosacral pain, heavy feeling of the lower abdomen and dysmenorrhea, each defecation, sexual intercourse increased. In addition, the viscosity of purulent vaginal discharge is not conducive to proficient through, may also cause infertility.

cervical erosion will lead to female infertility

cervical erosion is inflammation caused by its lead to significantly increased cervical secretions, cervical mucus, viscous texture, which contains a large number of white blood cells, when the sperm through the cervix, inflammatory environment will reduce the vitality of the sperm, thick secretions also makes it possible for sperm to difficult to pass. inflammatory cells also swallowed a lot of sperm, and the remaining part of the sperm is also damaged by bacteria and their toxins. If there is e. coli infection, but also make sperm to produce a strong agglutination of the sperm lost its vitality. More than a variety of toxic effects on sperm sperm excessive energy consumption, shorter life expectancy, so that not only had an impact on sperm motility at the same time prevent the sperm into the uterine cavity, and ultimately reduce the sperm and egg. Figuratively speaking, the sperm is just as caught in the quagmire inside was "drowned". Therefore, cervical erosion, increase the difficulty of conception, resulting in infertility. cervical erosion and infertility between certain correlation, after treatment of cervical erosion cured or improved, pregnancy is likely.
People & Vlogs attention to the prevention of erosion recurrence
cervical erosion can be cured as long as compliance with the ban on sexual intercourse during treatment, ban swimming ban bath and vaginal wash doctor told Furthermore, we need to follow the guidance of the physician according to the degree of erosion of different options for the treatment , must not give up halfway, the cure should keep the vulva clean and intercourse health, and pay attention to contraception, and enhance the body's resistance to disease, to prevent the cervix recurrent infections caused by cervical erosion recurrence.

cervicitis should do what

laparoscopy and minimally invasive techniques, the birth of gynecological surgery truly enter a new realm of minimally invasive painless patients no longer afford to treat disease and brought great suffering and endless sequelae.
cervicitis check the following methods:
hysteroscopy
Interpretation: a new minimally invasive gynecological clinic for examination and treatment of the uterine cavity of a fiber light source endoscopy including hysteroscopy energy system perfusion system of the light source system and the imaging system; is the preferred method of examination of the front of the mirror body into the uterine cavity, the site of the observed amplification effect is intuitive and accurate gynecological bleeding disorders and intrauterine lesions; used in patients with gynecological patients can be directly observed in a completely painless understand the pathogenic factors of abnormal surgical management of intrauterine
indications: diagnosis and treatment of intrauterine lesions of various types of abnormal uterine bleeding infertility patients the etiology of inspection as well as abnormal uterine imaging changes the differential diagnosis of submucosal fibroids endometrial polyps ; uterine deformity can also be used when necessary for the diagnosis of early stage endometrial cancer
advantages: the perspective of a large high resolution image is clear sealing of benign lesions in the treatment of intrauterine ideal way to show the uterine cavity by the large-screen high-definition color display physiological and pathological changes can be endoscope under some of the therapeutic surgical procedures in the womb; has less trauma and bleeding to restore the advantages of fast does not affect ovarian secretory function and not to harm the uterus
Papanicolaou stain
cervical pap classification is a simple and effective approach to early detection of cervical cancer is cervical epithelial cells observed in fixed and stained under the microscope is usually divided into five levels:
Ⅰ grade cell is normal;
II grade inflammation;
III class suspicious of malignant cells;
grade Ⅳ cancer cells to be confirmed;
Ⅴ grade cancerhigh accuracy

TCTHPV-DNA virology testing
1, the membrane liquid-based thin cytology (TCT)
TCT detection of a cervical leading international anti-cancer examination techniques using cell patch made of high-precision filter membrane core technology and microcomputer automatic control system method with conventional smears incomparable advantages The principle is to use the advanced liquid-based cell preservation techniques and computer-controlled filter technology to collect the cells on the sampler to make smears to diagnosis of fungal infection, bacterial infection, human papillomavirus infection and herpes virus infections. recommendations best to go to hospital for experienced doctors to help diagnosis in order to avoid misdiagnosis and the therapeutic effects
the cervix with a small brush brush sampling time of only a few seconds there is no pain and then using the "cell preservation solution to separate out the impurities in the sample is collected to form a clear smears can detect if you have any infected with hpv virus
2, HPV-DNA virology testing
cell samples after collection is divided into two parts one is used to detect suspicious cells in a special apparatus detected hpv infection in check not only can detect the amount of you have not infected with the hpv virus and can detect the virus
colposcopic localization biopsy
examination revealed suspicious cells, doctors need to do a biopsy confirmed the doctor to observe the surface of the cervix vascular lesions by colposcopy and use small pliers of cervical biopsy and endocervical spatula from the cervix take a few pieces of organizations are, respectively, packed in small bottles biopsy in order to take treatment measures
test results
positive: 1, only 20% ~ 30% of the hpv virus can cause disease of 60% to 70% only HPV-positive cervical lesions, which is equivalent to the carriers of hepatitis B virus antigen-positive does not necessarily can cause abnormal liver function human body resistance through a strong virus Wuxikecheng Although infection did not lead to cervical lesions or cervical cancer this case does not require treatment as long as a year once the hpv virus screening
negative: women over the age of 30 hpv infection test result is negative, while cells nor any lesion that is the first two check there is no problem the next 3 to 5 years do not need to do a similar check a
Note:
1, not during menstruation to do screening
2, not to have sex for screening before 24 hours
3 days before the test Do not rinse the vagina or the use of chronic cervicitis treatment of vaginal drug

Note

First of all, in the treatment of chronic cervicitis after two or three days more bloody or yellow water discharge, vaginal discharge. Therefore, during the daytime and the health of the whole cotton pad, and the need to frequently changes the new pad. Can also use warm water to clean the vulva, morning and night.
Secondly, it is best to wear all cotton underwear, and to wash frequently to keep the vulva clean.
Finally, forbidden sexual intercourse one to two months, because the cervix after treatment, the surface of an inflamed scab to fall off, the new organization slowly grow out of the tissue repair process, if you have sexual intercourse make cervical wound wear and even bleeding, affect the efficacy. cervical polyps, cervicitis in

cervical polyp and cervical erosion, cervical chronic inflammation stimulate the mucous membrane of the cervix, caused by hyperplasia, while the uterus have a natural ability to exclude foreign body, hyperplasia of the cervix outside the mouth to the cervical mucosa gradually from the base to highlight the formation of polyps, polyps red, tongue, soft texture and crisp, easy to touch the bleeding; polyps, there is a root, called the pedicle, the general pedicle slender, mostly attached to the cervix, mouth cervical polyps more than a single growth, the majority of its shape, such as bean size, small as a grain of rice samples, the large diameter of about 1 cm. Sometimes with a few polyps.
cervical polyp is easily overlooked. Because patients with more than 1/3 of the lack of obvious symptoms, but doctors check when found, even if there are symptoms are mostly mild, a small amount of spotting, bright red, or bleeding after sex is sometimes mistaken for a "back Classic. " Minority bleeding similar to menstruation. Some patients usually have yellow vaginal discharge, most with bloodshot eyes, odor, or vaginal discharge; also the performance of postmenopausal vaginal bleeding, unmarried patients showed tumor prolapse in the vaginal opening.

cervicitis, one of the female causes of infertility

cervix is ​​located in the vagina and uterus, that is an important protective barrier of the internal genitalia is an important part of reproductive physiology and reproductive endocrine function. cervicitis is a common disease of women of childbearing age, acute and chronic cervicitis two. Usually caused by childbirth, miscarriage or surgery, cervical injury, pathogen invasion and infection. In addition, 性生活过频, physical or chemical stimuli, endometritis, vaginitis is also a certain relationship between clinical chronic cervicitis is more common, more than the performance of the acute inflammatory process. cervicitis is one of the reasons that cause female infertility.
Clinical manifestations of
The main symptoms are increased vaginal discharge. Acute cervicitis, vaginal discharge was purulent, with the lower abdomen and lumbosacral pain, urinary frequency, urgency, dysuria, bladder irritation. chronic cervicitis, vaginal discharge was milky white mucus-like, or light yellow purulent; severe cervical erosion or cervical polyps, was bleeding bloody vaginal discharge or after sexual intercourse. Light can no systemic symptoms, and spread to pelvic inflammation along the uterosacral ligament, lumbosacral pain, heavy feeling of the lower abdomen and dysmenorrhea, each defecation, sexual intercourse increased. In addition, cervicitis environment within the vagina changes, toxins, and inflammatory cells increase, is not conducive to sperm survival and movement, and the sticky purulent vaginal discharge so that sperm can not penetrate the cervix into the uterine cavity, which led to infertility.
[pathology]
1. cervical canal atresia and stenosis congenital cervical atresia or stenosis and more due to the bilateral Mullerian under paragraph formation and incomplete fusion. Clinically rare, often accompanied by hypoplasia of the uterus, most of the development of normal secondary sexual characteristics. Such as endometrial function in patients with well, puberty may be due to intrauterine hemorrhage cyclical lower abdominal pain, or months after a few with dysmenorrhea, menstrual blood can also tubal reflux into the abdominal cavity, causing pelvic endometriosis. Acquired cervical canal atresia and stenosis more common in post-abortion or cervicitis electrocautery, cryotherapy. The main reason is that cervical dilatation and suction evacuation is not sufficient, or remove the pipette with negative pressure, resulting in cervical intimal injury, wound adhesion atresia. cervicitis treatment electrocautery or frozen too deep endocervical adhesions or stenosis. The clinical manifestations of amenorrhea associated with cyclical lower abdominal pain after abortion or cervicitis after treatment. The gynecological examination revealed that the vagina was purple and blue, cervical pain, the palace is a little plump, events, and tender.
2. endocervical dysplasia may be associated with uterine hypoplasia. Severe dysplasia of the cervix are long and slender. Moderate dysplasia, cervical length Gongti ratio of 1: 1, the so-called "youth womb". poor cervical development can lead to cervical gland secretory function.
3. cervical canal location exception is often accompanied by abnormal position of the uterus. chronic pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis can cause the uterus is extremely backward, retroflexion or flexion paste forward fornix, cervix, mouth, resulting in the posterior fornix shallow lost the role of the storage of fine pool, which is not conducive to the uplink of the sperm. In addition, cervical extension, too short or cervical prolapse can also change the position relationship between the cervical os and posterior vaginal fornix, hinder sperm uplink.
4 cervical myoma cervical fibroids cause infertility due mainly to the neck deformation, narrow, affecting sperm through. The main clinical manifestations of irregular menstrual periods, increased by the amount of blood, increased vaginal discharge or bladder and rectal symptoms. Some patients are asymptomatic. gynecological examination can be found in cervical locally prominent myoma nodules or cervical shape change, fibroids where the side of the cervix to expand, while the contralateral pressure thinning, cervix, mouth to stretch zhang Zhanping was cannabis shaped.
Diagnosis
1, the typical clinical manifestations.Chronic cervicitis, the cervix can be seen to have varying degrees of erosion, hypertrophy, polyps, glands, cysts, valgus and other performance, or see the cervix purulent secretions, and palpation of the cervix hard. Such as cervical erosion or polyp, contact bleeding.In fact, the bartholin secretion in normal women in a yellow-white liquid, lubrication vaginal opening.Of active treatment of chronic cervicitis, for to take proactive and preventive measures to protect women's health and the prevention of cervical cancer has great significance.


[Cause]

boil is caused by what the?

infection and skin dirty, scratches, high ambient temperature or lower the body resistance to infection-related. Boils can occur in any follicles of the skin area, often to the head, face, neck, armpits and buttocks so often by the friction of the parts is more common.

(a) causes

boil the pathogenic bacteria Staphylococcus aureus based, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, are also caused by the disease. Local and systemic skin's resistance to infection is reduced mainly due to Benbingfasheng, so infants, malnutrition, diabetes is a good risk of this disease. Dirty skin, skin abrasions, high ambient temperatures often lead to local infection such as the direct cause.

(B) the pathogenesis

bacteria invade the hair follicle and their sebaceous glands and sweat glands, in hair follicles and surrounding tissue multiply rapidly, producing toxins, causing local tissue degeneration, necrosis, and the center of the formation of boils, the performance of local congestion, exudation, induration. Aggregation of neutrophils to the damaged body tissue cells and bacteria to be destroyed, and he gradually necrosis and dissolution, the formation of abscesses in the dermis. Due to Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase contain toxins, so the formation of pus bolt, protruding outward. Swelling and induration clinically visible in the center of a yellow-white pus plug. This is Staphylococcus aureus infected lesion characteristics. Ulceration after discharge pus, abscess gradually by the new fibrous tissue repair and healing.

[Sign]

boil the early symptoms?

1. redness, swelling, heat, pain summary, cylindrical cone.

2. inflammation to the development of nodules increases, the pain intensified.

3. A few days later nodules central necrosis, abscess formation, dissolution, soft induration, pain relief, the central pus head most of the self-rupture, discharge pus, inflammation subsided recovery.

4. furuncle usually no obvious symptoms, but if the blood flow occurred in the rich parts of the body resistance weakened, it can cause discomfort, chills, fever, headache and loss of appetite and other symptoms of toxemia.

5. Facial Boil such as intracranial infection, facial swelling and severe, may be associated with chills, fever, headache, sinus infections and other embolization.

boil because of location, severity of different clinical manifestations may vary.

local swelling and pain sclerosis: no systemic symptoms of early disease and more, only infection redness, swelling, pain, range of not more than 2cm in diameter, small nodules gradually enlarged, as papules bulge. A few days later lesions extended about 3 ~ 5cm, nodules gradually softened, the center was white, a slight touch of the fluctuations; then ulceration pus, and the emergence of yellow-white pus plug. Pus bolt off, pus shed, the inflammation subsides and healing. There is no pus boil bolt (the so-called headless boil), since the collapse a bit late, need to find ways to promote its pus discharge (Figure 2 ).

fever, swollen lymph nodes: furuncle serious infection, the local area of ​​the lymph nodes, tenderness, and may be associated with body heat, and sometimes lymph node abscess formation.

nose, upper lip and around (called "dangerous triangle") of the surface boil, add or pushed in touch, the bacteria via the angular vein, ophthalmic vein into the brain, causing intracranial suppurative infection. At this point may have fever, headache, vomiting, consciousness disorders.

early follicular redness, swelling, heat, pain, induration. After the white purulent center, there is volatility. May be associated with systemic fever, elevated white blood cell count and differential count.

[Aftertreat]

boil ate?

therapeutic side:

1. composed of: a single head of garlic, honey, 9 grams. Usage: pound evenly wrap the affected area.

2. consists of: single head of garlic amount. Usage: Peel and slice into 2 to 3 mm, with the first affected area with warm salt water when dry wash, and then sticking garlic, and gently massage the 10 to 20 minutes, 2 or 3 times a day, 2 3 There is no more. Indications: Boil, folliculitis. Note: In severe cases, such as local irritation may reduce the massage time, a serious condition should be added to serve anti-inflammatory drugs.

3 . composed of: tea 2 grams of dried honeysuckle 1 gram. Usage: boiling water 6 minutes after each meal drink in a cup. Indications: Boil, exogenous heat.

4. composed of: fresh Malan first 100 grams, the amount of liquor. Usage: Add a little salt before blindly smashed wine Ban Cheng paste, coating the surface of the skin furuncle carbuncle. Indications: furuncle, carbuncle.

5. Composition: rosin 10 grams of white wine. Usage: rosin research to fine tune white wine into a paste, resisting heat, wrap the affected area after dissolution, for the degree of responsibility to cover all of the above and then covered with wax paper and tape securely, to enhance efficacy, can drop a few drops of wine, rosin to keep moist. Indications: furuncle, carbuncle, folliculitis.

6. smashed topical papaya leaves, swollen boil carbuncle treatment drug.

7. fresh peach leaf, plug smashed the lesion, treatment of nasal furuncle.

8. rhizome or fresh banana leaves smashed Jiao Zhi, coating the surface of the skin, cure carbuncles, boils, swelling.

9. almond powder with sesame oil paint, heat treatment boil.

10. Purple cane coal deposit of the skin, powder, paint the affected area or sesame oil dressing, boil carbuncle treatment, stomatitis , eczema.

11. raw taro add a little salt, smashed drunk wrap the affected area twice a day replacement, bones can cure pain, swelling of unknown drugs, pediatric head hot boil, finger boil.

12. raw loofah (or leaf), smashed juice, coated surface of the skin, soak sore treatment days, yellow water sores, heat boils, urticaria .

13. mung bean sugar kelp: seaweed 60 grams, shredded, green beans, 150 grams, with the soup, add brown sugar to taste food. There Sedative, diuretic, soft-kin, Phlegm, scattered gall tumor effect. For hypertension, beriberi edema, neck lymphadenopathy, simple goiter, prickly heat boils hot summer day in children poison, phlegm cough embolism.

14. yi melon soup: melon (not peeled) 500-600 g, yi 50-100 grams of soup. Can be flavored with sugar or salt, on behalf of the tea used, heat, hot weather, diuretic, dehumidification effect. Drugs for Rush boils, eczema athlete's foot, yellow urine deficient.

15. Daozhi raw turnip, vinegar and rub the affected area transfer, heat treatment boil.

16. green beans 30 grams of powder, each 10 grams, water delivery service, boils cure breast swelling and pain.

17. failure to adopt the open rose 3 - 5 朵 wash, add water, two pregnant, suffering from a cup of low heat, ice sugar 30 grams, made of rose soup, until the temperature dose, to cure blood stasis amenorrhea, boils Chung pain, traumatic swelling and pain.

18. boils and pus ulceration of the skin sore or eczema, rinse with water, tea, allow the wound clean and promote healing.

19. a white sweet potato, peeled and chopped, smashed, can also be added with the same amount of fresh Houttuynia smashed, spreads in the affected area, apply to the local heating that line replace (about two three hours long), and even apply a few days more, boils cure mastitis.

20. soybeans amount, turn on the water immersed soft, add a little alum were smashed drunk, external surface of the skin, swollen boils boil treatment.

21. adzuki beans with water until soft, mash with water or vinegar, or honey or egg amount, into a paste, external surface of the skin, cure mumps, hot boil.

22. Kapok 30 - 50 grams of sugar amount, fry a bowl with water and drink two bowls and a half. Favorable moisture, heat effect. For enteritis, urethritis, eczema, summer boil embolism.

23. fresh buckwheat leaves 60 grams, Shuijianbi day one; or fried yellow noodles with the vinegar into a paste, applied to the lesion, sooner or later be replaced. Governance sore, swollen boils, erysipelas, mastitis, and swelling of unknown drugs.

appropriate patients to eat what?

1, edible grapes plus zinc salt or zinc, other foods such as soy, sunflower seeds, wheat bran, yeast, brown sugar and so on.

2, Yi Shi taste light, the cold food, such as Malan head, purslane, melon, red and white radish, bitter gourd, sponge gourd, mung bean, red bean, lily, chrysanthemum brain and celery.

patients unfit to eat what?

not eat ginger, pepper and other spicy foods , as well as mustard, yellow croaker, shrimp, crab, chicken head, goose, Zhu Tourou so fat objects.

should avoid fried foods and meat, edible oil cans.

data only refer to the specific, please ask a doctor.

[Prevent]

how to prevent boils?

boil is born of acute suppurative superficial skin disorders, widely available health, children, young people more common. "Surgical management case" that: "boil persons, birth processes, floating red rootless feet, swollen found in the skin, only the width of an inch, there is less pain, a few days later Microsoft, thin peel, the beginning of the blue water, the latter from breaking the pus out of. "The disease occurs in the summer and autumn, protruding roots shallow, swelling potential limitations, lift the red pain, mostly in the range of about 3cm, easily swollen, easy to collapse, Yi Lian. Early can be divided into a head, without the first two kinds of general light and easy to cure the symptoms, so the saying goes, "no boil the size of a pus like." ;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; But also due to the formation of improper treatment or care "mole cricket boils," or repeated seizures, lack of disunion. Multiple furunculosis ", is difficult to cure.

[Treat]

boil precautions before treatment?

attention to the skin clean, timely replacement of underwear and avoid skin injuries, especially in the summer, to bathe, wash your hair, hair, changing clothes, nails, children in particular should pay attention. With honeysuckle and wild chrysanthemum Jiantang tea. Boil the surrounding skin should be kept clean and coated with 70% alcohol to prevent infection spread to nearby hair follicles.

boil Chinese medicine treatment methods

total boil caused by the toxic heat treatment to detoxify the basic principles.

A Differential Treatment:

1. Heat toxin Accumulation card: lesion processes, such as cone, burning pain, or fever, thirst, tongue pink, yellow fur, rapid pulse. Detoxification. Flavors disinfection decoction.

2. Shushi heat Melancholia: seen in summer and autumn, the affected area, such as agglomeration cone, single or multiple, burning pain, chest tightness, anorexia, deficient urination, red tongue, greasy or yellowish, veins slippery. Qingshu dampness, detoxification swelling. Qingshu Decoction.

3. Is virtual evil love cards: distributed in the body, local color dark red, pus scarce, one after another, delayed healing, with fever, irritability, thirst, or fatigue, limb soft, red tongue thin yellow, rapid pulse. Righting detoxification. Liu Wei Di Huang Decoction.

Second, external treatment and other treatment:

1. The beginning of detoxification should be swelling, moderate to henbane, water reconcile, wrap the affected area. Or wishful golden powder for external application. Or green cream Waicha.

2. Pus, the clip bolt out the pus.

3. Unhealed after the collapse, sores can be a little ninety-one Dan to drugs or drug line twist into sores, topical berberine gauze.

4. Oral Meihuadianshe Dan, Niuhuangjiedu, Fang Feng Tong Sheng Wan, Liushen other medicine.

5. Unilateral prescription: Silver Flower 30g, licorice 10g, decoction, on behalf of the tea.

Western boil treatment

1. Local treatment, such as heat, physical therapy, 10% ichthyol coated ointment. Facial Boil should rest in bed should not squeeze or prick Boil, so as not to spread to the brain.

2. Swelling or have a large range of obvious symptoms, should give systemic antibiotics (third-generation cephalosporin antibiotics).

3. The formation of abscess, incision and drainage should be timely but should be avoided Boil the face cut.

(a) treatment

1. The principles of early treatment to promote inflammation subsided, after early drain purulent pus; timely elimination of systemic adverse reactions.

2. Local treatment

(1) Physical therapy: early, ultraviolet micro-irradiation, can promote local anti-inflammatory, to prevent proliferation. Swelling stage, the selection of FM, infrared and other heat, promote Boil liquid. 2 to 3 times / d, 20 ~ 30min / times.

(2) Drug eraser: 0.5% povidone-iodine scrub, the drug not only for skin irritation, and the role of long-lasting, no pigmentation. Can also be used erythromycin, tetracycline ointment.

(3) topical cream: local swelling and a small pustules, use ichthyol, wishful golden powder, Gyokuro powder and so on.

(4) incision and drainage: Boil into pus, nodules soften, a sense of volatility, you can make a small incision drainage or fire needle drainage. Taboo squeeze purulent lesions.

(5) to keep local clean and dry: adhere to local skin cleaning, daily showers are the best conditions. Young children with skin, topical lip after taking a bath in summer, to avoid the formation of multiple Boil.

3. Systemic treatment usually does not require systemic treatment of boils. But facial boils or accompanied by chills, fever, headache, general malaise, etc., should be given antibiotics. Clinical observations and experimental results show that the efficacy of penicillin, cephalothin, cefazolin and amikacin better effect.

(B) the prognosis

generally good prognosis after active treatment, without sequelae.

[Examine]

boil should be how?

1. Peripheral blood

(1) white blood cell count: fever, elevated WBC count may have.

(2) white blood cell count: white blood cell count was elevated often accompanied by increased neutrophils .

2. diabetes check

(1) fasting plasma glucose measurement: two fasting blood glucose were increased, should consider the possibility of diabetes.

(2) glycated serum protein: This clinical trial is not the impact of fluctuations in blood glucose higher than normal to help the diagnosis of diabetes.

(3) glycosylated hemoglobin: glycosylated hemoglobin and blood glucose were positively correlated, and the irreversible reaction. Diabetes is often higher than the normal 2 to 3 times.

3. bacteriologic

(1) bacterial culture: the multiple, repeated infections, abscesses can be extracted directly pus for bacterial culture, positive results will help the diagnosis of pathogens.

(2) drug susceptibility testing: bacterial culture in the pus, while line drug susceptibility testing can provide the scientific basis of clinical drug treatment.

[Diff]

boil diseases easily confused?

1. Multiple sweat gland abscesses are summer disease, more common in infants and young children and frail mother's head, forehead, etc .. Lesions of multiple subcutaneous abscesses. Surface tenderness, inflammation lighter. No pus bolt, left scars. Usually accompanied by a lot of prickly heat. Generally known as prickly heat poison. It was also known as pseudo furunculosis (Pseudofurunculosis).

2. Hidradenitis suppurativa common in young women, lesions of the skin induration. Subcutaneous abscess formation, followed by skin redness, swelling, heat, pain, ulceration scarring. Lesions occur in the armpits, groin, genital and perianal, umbilical, etc.

3. acne acne mild infection, red, swollen, painful, but the disease is small, the top a little bit like creamy.

4. sebaceous cysts sebaceous cyst infection are redness, swelling, pain, but the previous round has been painless mass over an extended period , the epidermis as usual.

5. carbuncle carbuncle with redness, swelling, pain, but there are several hair follicle infection, lesions larger than the boil.

[Disease]

hump-related diseases

juvenile osteochondrosis of vertebral osteoporosis youth sexual hump sore scoliosis ankylosing spondylitis vitamin D deficiency disease

more back symptoms

small blisters appear back back pain back spasms, back pain does not have subtle linen spine back pain sinus pain Road with sensory ataxia spinal nerve root damage spinal cord hemisection syndrome, spinal cord lesions of hemorrhagic infiltration of the spinal cord injury spinal cord infarction, cauda equina involvement across the spinal cord within the spinal cord gliosis in the spinal cord anterior horn of the spinal cord lesion cavity formed spinal thalamic tract compression

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