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Eating habits

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[Intro]

Eating habits of people on food and drink preferences. Including diet material preferences, the preferences of the cooking methods, and the preference of cuisine and condiments. eating habits is an important element in the food culture. The eating habits of people around the world are very diverse due to the effects of geography, property, culture and history while.


gender-related eating habits

in two hundred? During the period from May to April 2007, the expert's findings are as follows.
men's eating habits
* Meat and poultry
o in particular:

eating habits books


+ duck
+ veal
+ hamthe
+ special shellfish (eg shrimp, oysters)
fat

people's eating habits

in the kitchen to eat

standing in the refrigerator or stove before a meal to prepare meals often inadvertently increase people's intake of calories. Similarly, in the face of the leftovers, the people of the calories will increase. "When a thrift mother clean up the dinner table after a meal, she would often think of so many chicken throw away one how shameful thing", she began to eat the chicken. american Dietetic Association spokeswoman Bonnie said.

eat too hasty

When the researchers asked participants to quickly eat the next market pasta, they found average

eating habits books


These people intake of 646 calories in nine minutes, and those who were asked to slowly enjoy within 29 minutes the average intake of 579 calories. In addition, hasty meals also cause indigestion and stomach pain.

eat something at work

from the morning meeting when free oil (oil, food) fried donut to the middle when the rest of the free drinks, etc., the whole work seems to be a constant calorie intake process. In fact, the office free food to the human intake of calories is increasing rapidly.
at the same time, hard to resist the temptation of free diet, the appetite of the people in the office will greatly increase. Cornell University in 2006, a study found that the seat adjacent office fruit plate would be eating a lot of candy, but their own what to eat how many knew nothing about.

eat in the dark

California State University, USA in 2002, a study found that those interested in eating and drinking tend to like dining in a dimly lit environment. The researchers believe that, at the dinner, dim the lights will reduce the sense of people shy.

eat chewing too little

A number of studies, fully chewing food to help digestion and prevent bloating and stomach pain, "when you are without adequate chewing and swallowing a large piece of food, these foods it is difficult to be fully decomposed. "Bonnie said. Will increase the contact area of ​​the food through the digestive enzymes in the saliva after fully chew. So, how can only be counted on to fully chew it? In general, 25 times chewing on food presents a paste best.

to eat something in a restaurant

A number of studies, frequent eating out with obesity, increased fat and dietary habits of

books


Other body mass index increased are closely linked. The University of Memphis researchers found that those eating out weekly women six times to 13 times the average daily intake of 290 calories of energy (energy food).

to eat something in front of the screen

before the computer or TV screen, eat at the side for a long time to indulge in the network or television programs will greatly increase the unconscious diet. Some of the major research institutes, researchers found that watching television is a risk factor leading to obesity, especially for young people (juvenile food). Eating things, watching TV will bring a double hazard: it will increase the diet of the unconscious and occupy those used for the time of the activities of consumption of calories.

good eating habits


up every morning to drink a glass of water, allows water to be fully absorbed by the body, breakfast eat well, and want to eat lunch, dinner, eat seven full before going to bed drink a few glasses of water, because the sleep period blood at high concentrations, which can reduce the blood concentration, and reduce the incidence of some diseases.the recommended food
vacation trip
leave the recommended food for the journey, whether it is a picnic or by train, car, long-distance travel, are an easy tiring, if the diet shall not be treated, the degree of fatigue will deepen. To this end, the deputy director of beijing Hospital of nutrition wang Lu Tip: wayworn
the body's resistance to natural will be worse. Tired after very easy to "get angry", so travel should eat light, do not eat those strong irritant food. Recommended foods: foods rich in carbohydrates. Including bread, biscuits, instant noodles, rice pudding. Instant noodles, rice pudding health than the guarantee of instant noodles and rice pudding with more water, eat and feel more comfortable on the road. Vacuum-packed food. Such as ham, tofu, stewed eggs, etc., can provide protein for the human body. Appropriate capacity, small package, easy to eat, will not cause waste, if the packaging, and the rest may deteriorate. Fruits and vegetables. Tomatoes, cucumbers and other human body needs vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber.
a bad

diet habits

bad eating habits means the diet is not scientific, the dietary habits of the law, unreasonable. Busy society, modern people have do not have time to prepare their own lunch, the only convenient fast food to fullness. However, fast food is convenient, but can not take into account the intake of balanced nutrition and environmental health problems. The long run, may cause obesity, malnutrition, or face covered with red thorns, are more likely to plant a hidden hepatitis B or high blood pressure, heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases. Emphasis on fast, simple and general restaurant use of deep-fried, etc., making food restaurants easy to intake a lot of fat and grease, but very little intake of fruits and vegetables nutrition, which is also to produce constipation or face the spirit of the poor one of the reasons. Daily life, intake of nutrients in addition to the deployment of improper diet, cooking, making unreasonable. And all sorts of bad eating habits. "Eating right?" This requires us to understand the beauty of dietary essential nutritional elements, change the unreasonable dietary habits, consumption of some beauty fitness dietary. ignore the details of the classification and hazard of bad eating habits in


bad eating habits


Snack: melon seeds, candy and other food all day long all the time, no normal dietary laws, the digestive system does not establish timing feeding conditioned reflex , gastrointestinal without a rest.
partial eclipse: do not eat meat dish, excellent source of protein will be greatly restricted, and people who prefer meat dishes, will lead to a lack of excess calories and various vitamins and inorganic salts.the
binge eating: eating and drinking not only can cause gastrointestinal disorders, but also induce a variety of diseases such as acute gastric dilatation, gastroptosis.
fast food: devour not only increase the burden on the stomach, prone to gastritis and stomach ulcers, and chew food fine, will inevitably lead to food digestion and absorption insufficiency, caused the loss of all nutrients.
hot food: too hot food, easy to hurt the tongue, oral mucosa, esophagus, etc., can also result in damage to the teeth.
salty: eat salty, salt every day is greatly more than the level of normal needs, due to the retention of body sodium, body fluids increase blood circulation increased leaving the heart and kidney burden is too heavy, her face skin easy swollen. Food intake, excessive include the amount of eating too much or too little, as well as certain types of food excess.
bad eating habits
eat too little
Some young people in order to lose weight, regular diet. Eat less of the people, especially people who skip breakfast often tired sleepy. Morning to go to school students or salaried staff working hours restrictions often do not eat breakfast. Once, twice, do not eat, and over time it becomes a habit. However, nutrition studies have shown that breakfast is the most important meal of a day. Breakfast is start the brain's "switch". Night of sleep, hormone secretion into the trough, and storage of glucose in the postprandial eight hours, exhausted, and human brain cells can only get energy from glucose, a nutrient. Breakfast, such as timely rain to make the hormone secretion soon reached a climax, and to provide energy for brain cells. If you eat a little breakfast, lead to lethargy, and reduced efficiency. A long time will make people become tired and weak, confused and emotionally unstable, and even phenomena such as nausea, vomiting, fainting, not energy to study and work.
overeat
after a lot of eating, gastrointestinal in order to complete the digestion and absorption of the task had to increase the blood supply, so a lot of blood flow to the digestive tract, in peripheral tissues and the brain's blood supply would be reduced, especially the brain, It can not store energy, so once ischemia and hypoxia, energy metabolism occurs barriers directly affect brain function in normal play, and makes people feel sleepy. Recent studies also showed that long-term diet fed, can accelerate cerebral arteriosclerosis, likely to cause alzheimer's disease. To this end, the experts remind everyone, young and old, their diet should not be fed, especially the elderly should be a 70% saturation is appropriate.
eat greasy food
occasionally eating too much fat on the body do not hurt, but if it is high blood cholesterol in patients with eating too much fat, it will make the already excessive lipid higher. High blood lipids in the blood, resulting in blood flow rate of decline in the oxygen function to reduce the cardiac compensatory increase in contractility. At this time the person is not only easy to grow weary, thereby increasing fatigue and a little vigorous activity will increase the heart load.
seafood
seafood contains a substance called glutamate, which is the main chemical composition of monosodium glutamate, which can break down in the digestive process glutamate, sodium glutamate into the human body is converted into synthesis of δ-aminobutyric acid. δ-aminobutyric acid is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, insufficient to generate, easily lead to over-excitement of the central nervous system, such as mania, or convulsions. But generated will be too much on the central nervous system inhibition, make people drowsy.
excessive intake of tryptophan food
tryptophan is an essential amino acid, it can promote brain cells secrete serotonin. serotonin to inhibit the brain thinking activities. Dietary intake of tryptophan content of more people prone to fatigue and drowsiness. Tryptophan-rich foods are millet, milk, mushrooms, sunflower seeds, black sesame, soybeans, pumpkin seeds, pork floss, fried tofu, eggs, etc..after
sports a large number of drinking acidic beverages
after a violent or a large number of sports, the human body will accumulate more lactic acid, then drink a lot of acidic drinks, will make the body acidic metabolites accumulate, people fatigue aggravated. This is a reasonable way is to eat more light digestible food, vegetables, fruits and other basic foods is the best.
long-term addicted to eat greasy food, milk and other high-fat diet, the body makes blood lipids, increase the secretion of bile, resulting in bile cholesterol was high saturation easily understood form stones; eat too many sweets the body will increase insulin secretion, promote the formation and accumulation of cholesterol, which is easy to gallstone formation; often do not eat breakfast, fasting for too long can lead to reduced secretion of bile, bile acid content was decreased, the formation of high cholesterol, bile generate stones. Therefore, patients with gallstones should avoid these types of poor eating habits, starting from the adjustment of diet and the prevention of gallstones. Of course, when the stone has been attack, this time the treatment has become an urgent matter. Easily lead to cancer of poor eating habits as the economic development of China's reform and opening up people's diet and eating habits, great changes have significantly decreased the proportion of grain, beans and potato in the diet structure, animals and oils increased intake, excessive consumption of pork, beef, lamb make colon cancer and kidney cancer risk increased; excessive intake of animal fat and protein increase endometrial cancer and ovarian cancer incidence rate; eat by salted, smoked, sun and fried, processed food, will be closely related to the occurrence of the oropharynx, esophagus, stomach and pancreas, and nasal cavity, throat and other parts of the digestive tract cancer.
For example, Iceland residents year-round consumption of smoked lamb and smoked salmon, of all cancer deaths in the population has more than 50% of patients with gastric cancer. The data indicate that eating hot food can make oral mucosal congestion, damage to the occurrence of ulcers, coarse food, eating too fast can be caused by mechanical stimulation of the esophageal mucosa, which may be one of the reasons for esophageal cancer. Intake of aflatoxin contamination of food with liver cancer related to warm and humid climate of Southeast Asia for food moldy conditions, and thus a higher incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in Guangxi, Jiangsu, local moldy peanut and corn have induced hepatoma of rats and ducks and other animals.
smoking easily lead to cancer

smoking


smoking is now recognized as lung cancer occurs in addition to the atmospheric pollution caused by the environment, industrial emissions, coal and gasoline burning, smoking smoke is an important factor in the cause of lung cancer, according to statistics, 70 percent to 80 percent of lung cancer caused by long-term smoking, 3,4-benzopyrene, arsenic, nitrosamines, and carbon monoxide and other tobacco ingredients and smoke from burning cancer and cancer-promoting substances.
smoking time the longer, the more the number of cigarettes smoked and the smaller the age to start smoking, the greater the chance of lung cancer. Smokers risk of lung cancer is 10 times that of non-smokers, heavy smokers are 20 times the non-smokers, 15 years of age, smokers, smoker than 25 years of age more than four times higher, passive smoking women and lung cancer incidence rate than spouses of non-smokers more than two times. smoking in particular is closely related with pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma, has been observed the smokers deformation and the cilia of airway epithelial cells off, gradual process of the formation of cancerous tumors, such as stop smoking 2 to 3 years, the deformation of the proliferation of airway epithelial cells is still possible reversal to normal.
also contains large amounts of radioactive substances in cigarette smoke 30 a day, such as a year in the lungs are equivalent to withstand 300 times normal chest x-ray radiation dose, the radiation damage induced lung cancer harm can be imagined.
3,4-benzopyrene in smoke can enter the ovary, destruction of the oocyte-induced ovarian cancer. Testicular tissue is very sensitive to the metal cadmium in the smoke, so smokers testicular cancer incidence than non-smokers is higher.
element but also deposition of polonium in tobacco smoke in the kidney and pancreas, respectively, the occurrence of kidney cancer and pancreatic cancer. The smokers gastric cancer incidence rate than non-smokers 1.5 times higher, after dinner smoking with the stomach and intestines to strengthen the absorption of the increase in smoke, thereby promoting gastric carcinogenesis risk is even greater. esophageal cancer patients in the United States and Western Europe, 80% ~ 90% of people with a history of smoking, daily smoking more than 20, died of esophageal cancer is 3.4 times higher than non-smokers.
drinking easily lead to cancer

alcohol

,


drinking, according to the epidemiological survey, alcohol consumption and the incidence of oral cancer, throat cancer, esophageal cancer, and colon cancer, stomach cancer and liver also closely related to the occurrence of cancer. gastrointestinal cancer mortality rates also declined with the decline in alcohol consumption according to the statistics of the United Kingdom in the first half of the 20th century, has since rebounded with alcohol consumption, the incidence of gastrointestinal cancers clearly rose. Japan had hospitalized alcoholics by up to 7.5 years of follow up study, the incidence of alcohol in oral cancer and throat cancer in the population is 2.4 times the general population, esophageal cancer is 3.9 times. Patients with esophageal cancer in China have a history of alcohol consumption accounted for 35% to 40%, similar reports in the United States and Western Europe. General feeding a large number of people drinking less often affect the vitamin intake, absorption and metabolism, resulting in the lack of vitamins, easy to cancer when the body's defenses are weakened.
unhealthy lifestyles lurks the risk of cancer, 99 percent are born are healthy, and make people sick due to external influences and personal misconduct cancer. Health and longevity is the common pursuit, let us develop a scientific and civilized way of life, to grasp the health initiative, self-care as the core to achieve the purpose of longevity.
our dietary customs of the existence of the following five shortcomings that need to attract attention:
1. mostly eat salty
According to statistics, the national per capita salt for more than 10 grams a day, including the Northeast, up to 18 grams. World Health organization recommended that salt control in less than 5 grams daily. Eat salty will significantly increase the incidence of hypertension, gastric cancer and other diseases.
2. eat msg too much
msg to increase the body's intake of sodium, while sodium is harmful. Therefore, eat soup, etc. to use the chicken, mushrooms and other fine instead of MSG.
3. eat mostly collective meal
people eat like each other and take their food, which increases the probability of transmission of the disease.
4. like eating offal
animal offal to contain more cholesterol, and cholesterol induce and aggravate atherosclerosis, an important factor.
5. cook to use more fried, fried, cooked, fried and other methods
Chinese people like to eat stir-fry and fried foods, which increases the chance of suffering from cancer. change the bad habits of poor diet

In fact, quit the bad habits of eating and living is not as you think is so difficult, as long as patience three weeks mixed some tired, lonely, depressed days, you will be able to reborn. In general, bad habits to get rid of diet and exercise (movement of food) There are three points: clear to kick which bad habits are clear why these bad habits there telling myself to do what will be able to gradually change over the bad habits time further only try to change a thing, your chances of success will be much larger. Therefore do not worry to put all the bad habits have changed over within a few days.
progress are not afraid of slow
Most people do things are delusions step, but things are wishful. In particular, is to change the bad habits it Do not be afraid of their own progress to think as slow as a turtle, are often slow to make their own better adapted, it will not rebound. Only change one thing enough, such as the following: Starting today, with a nutritious breakfast every day life today. Starting today, every day to ensure the time of eight hours of sleep (sleep, food), and fatigue may also lead to overeating. Starting today, sitting at the table in earnest dining prohibit side reading or watching TV while dining. Starting today, and his family, partner meal, ask them to monitor their own. Starting today, when hungry in the heart play mentor to guide their own meals and the selection of food, in the full time call a halt. Starting today, the meal component reduced by 20%, not more of a. Starting today, drink low-fat milk. Starting today, making sandwiches, use whole wheat bread, sprinkled mustard instead of mayonnaise. Starting today, drink milk, coffee selection of espresso and hot skim milk instead of cream (oil products). Starting today, every few hours to eat a little fruit (fruit food). Starting today, with non-stick, less put some more oil. Starting today, to learn new health (health food) cooking method, such as steaming, boiling, broiling. Starting today, drink plenty of water to drink beverages. Starting today, the water quality-rich foods (such as broth, salad, vegetables (vegetable food), fruits) in the dominant, high heat (such as pizza, barbecue) minority. Starting today, every day drinking control in 1-2 cups
carefully to enjoy food ingredients
The first step to change bad habits is careful about what you eat or drink something. To the mall to buy food, food packaging labels should be read, a certain understanding of the composition, control the heat of food into the mouth. A diet log is monitor their own good way, many people benefit from it.
to be a detailed plan
eat few fruits? or how long to go to a health club? should be detailed bid for their own arrangements. For example: I plan to eat a fruit as a small meal a day home from work, I plan a day with cereal and fruit as fast nutritious breakfast, I plan a week Monday, the three club to learn Friday afternoon to fitness (health food) yoga. Time, the way to the more detailed the better, but not too much, remember, change one thing at once.
each week've set a new goal
several small goals to complete will be able to accumulate a your reborn, we must believe that day. For example, if your goal is to eat more fruit, then told this week from one to seven in the first thing after work is to eat a sweet apple, seven apple (apple food), is your small target
a month to maintain
accept their limited ability to reality, is a successful start. You sound like a paradox, can worldly things is, do not believe in luck step-by-step practical completion of this is to succeed the fastest way. A new behavior to become a habit takes about a month's time. For example, the simple "an apple a day, continuously for a month every day, you'll eat the fruit of bad habits to change overnight, the skin will get better, the mood will get better, no small change.
practice stress management
can communicate through movement, and friends, meditation, journaling and other ways to give yourself to cheer decompression told myself to change a bad habit is a meaningful thing in your life, do not let yourself be discouraged to return to original track

people with diabetes should be eating habits

dishes less oil and salt
people with diabetes should choose less oil and salt, light food, food cooking and more with steamed, boiled, cold rinse, braised, stewed, etc.. Cooking to use the vegetable oil, to minimize the dinner. To choose the meals in dinner when we should try to usually eat at home, the amount of food with.
2, "more meat, eat less" is not science
Some people think that meat is protein, rice is the sugar, therefore, more meat does not cause blood sugar. In fact, the meat into the body can also be converted into sugar and to provide fat. Diabetic patients daily cholesterol intake should be less than 200 mg, to limit animal fats containing saturated fatty acids and high fat intake, eat less fried, fried food and pig, chicken, duck, lamb kidney, liver, kidney and other animals The visceral foods.
3, a meal from time to time quantitative
Note the regularity of eating, eating three meals a day at least, but also to the timing, quantitative, and an interval of 4-5 hours between meals. Patients with insulin injections or easy to hypoglycemia patients should be between the three meals, snacks 2-3 times, from a portion of food set aside for snacks with three meals, which is effective measures to prevent low blood sugar .
4, sugar-free cakes should be controlled
Although the sugar-free cakes does not contain sugar, but the pastry is starch to do the same will produce heat, it can not just eat.
5, eat more whole grains
under the premise of control total calories, carbohydrates should be about 55% -60% of total calories. Diet, diabetic patients should be more choice of complex carbohydrates and whole grains, particularly rich in high fiber vegetables, legumes, whole grains. For diabetic patients, the intake of simple sugars to be strictly limited, such as sucrose, maltose, glucose and containing these sugars more food. In order to improve the taste, the diabetic patients advised to use the calorie sweeteners such as xylitol.
6, a small amount of red wine, to avoid the spirits
I like to drink of the patients can allow a small amount of alcohol intake, such as daily 100-150 ml of red wine. Do not encourage the drinking of alcohol. Should be noted that fasting drinking can lead to hypoglycemia in patients taking secretagogue agents or insulin, and therefore alcohol should be eating at the same time.

Hunan eating habits

[ Sisu ] the territory of the staple food of rice, the remote mountainous miscellaneous sweet potatoes, wheat, corn, potato, corn, beans. Edible vegetables, winter and spring food cabbage, carrots, green vegetables, spinach, celery, carrots, garlic, dried peppers and other summer food fresh peppers, beans, melons, leeks, bamboo shoots, meat class pigs, cattle, sheep, fish , chickens, ducks, geese and egg. The majority of the localities into breakfast, lunch and dinner. Some busy meals, the slack meals. Three meals a day, early dinner to eat rice, Chinese spring to eat cake with cabbage, summer eating wheat cake soup, autumn and winter eating sweet potatoes, potatoes. In addition to three meals a day in the Dong, Miao areas inhabited, before breakfast, eat a little camellia in China, 漵 Pu, Chinese food called "dim sum", in conjunction with Jingzhou vicinity is called "half-rice".
hi acid. The territory of the people of all ethnic groups are preferred sour food. Dong "three days do not eat acid, walk to fight staggering," said. Every household equipped with altar, cans, and cook sour chilli, sour radish, pickled cucumber, sour vegetables cabbage. Especially in the acid of the Dong people cook fish, sour meat a unique flavor.
good spicy. The territory of the people of all ethnic groups are good and spicy. The pepper is headed dishes, each dish must be mixed with pepper. chili dishes are made of acid into the chili pickled or marinated with glutinous rice flour into a powder, pepper, or filling made of glutinous rice flour and seasoning mud autumn chili "or minced doped ginger Tuen chopped hot pepper, its taste is individual, it is interesting.
drinking. Known as the drinking habits of people on its territory, where the marriage, funerals, happy heart, drinking, holidays must be drinking, friends and relatives must be drinking. In rural areas, in addition to the the mora drinking, but also popular drinking song toast custom.
[ food ] territory of folk cuisine, there are several, notably the social meal, bacon, onions, duck, bitter, sweet wine, rice noodles, rice, tofu, jelly, cake, dumpling cake, pink cake, Camellia.
Social rice: their rice glutinous rice, of artemisia vegetables and bacon small and hog fat steamed, its flavor is fragrant. Use before and after the spring social Yisi god of the ancestors, then the family food.
bacon: folk during the spring Festival be sure to make bacon. Cut into the pork first three or four pounds a rub on the appropriate salt, spices, hemp pepper mixing, and placing the basin steep thirty-four days, so that salt percolation meat and seasonings, then remove the hanging Weihuo smoked on the stove. Serve roast, meat withered. Purplish red, lean meat and fat yellow orange transparent, crisp and not greasy, the bone crispy.
onion duck: duck cut into pot burst Huang, poured into the duck blood, sweet sauce, ginger, red pepper, salt, stir fry, cooked after the water into the onions junction loaded dish, fragrant meat, spicy, Tangxian delicious. mid-autumn festival every family eat onion duck has become the custom.
wine: people on its territory, as the rum auspicious objects, where the celebration are brewed wine, guests, while the mellow scent of rum entertain.
Ciba: steamed glutinous rice, pounded and molded into small groups, press flat to dry made. Lunar calendar, every family fight Ciba, said the annual cake soaked in spring water stored for several months does not rot.
Camellia: Dong, Miao people are often produced in a food. First pan put oil, to fry the tea into a little fried rice into a paste, add salt until the boil and then mixed with some rice cake and seasoning with the cooked, poured into a bowl, we have to put some fried soybeans, parched rice flower, the color was black, but the labor concentrated flavor and delicious.

different ethnic eating habits

Dai

Dai most of them have the habit of the solar eclipse meals, the staple food of rice and glutinous rice. Dai of the Old City staple food rice, glutinous rice and secondary food. Usually now Chung is to eat, the people are: rice and glutinous rice are now only eat now Chung, before losing its original color and the Hong

eating habits books


taste and therefore not eat or rarely eat overnight m meal habits yong Shounie. Workers often go out in the wild, fish meal, banana leaves or all the rice Hesheng a mass of sticky rice that comes with the salt, spicy, sour meat, chicken, furans microphone (Dai language, meaning sauce), moss, pine can eat. All adorned with dishes and snacks are sour mainly Suan, acid-pea flour, sour meat and wild cranberries; like to eat dried pickled cabbage, its system of law vegetables and dried, then boiled, add papaya cloud, so that the flavor change acid, and dry storage. To eat when you put a little cooking on the soup. Almost every day to eat such sauerkraut local Dai. It is said that the the Dai reason why eat it sour dishes, and eat are not digestible glutinous rice food, sour food helps digestion. Daily meat of pigs, cattle, chickens and ducks do not eat or Eat lamb, living in the Mainland Dai eating dog meat, good for roast chicken, roast chicken, a very happy fish, shrimp, crab, snail, lichen, moss and other aquatic moss into the vegetables, Dai unique cuisine and alcohol of the Dai people, but the wine's degree is not high, home brewed, taste sweet. Unique dishes: Grilled vegetable acid, brake write-brake big chatter, chopped raw liver raw, sour meat and other.
Dai elderly eating habits of betel nut chewing, usually spend chewing betel nut betel nut mixed with chewing tobacco, lime, all day, constantly. Because of the long-term chewing lips and teeth are black, oral fluid such as blood, people think that the United States. With the development of today's young people are no longer the habit of chewing betel nut.

Manchu the Manchu Because the different living environment, and frequent exchanges with the Han, eating habits, on the one hand there are similarities with the Han, such as eating rice, millet, pasta, etc.. On the other hand still has its own characteristics, such as hi sweets, and the holidays to eat, "Aiji Ge cake" (dumplings). Also retains food cake, sour soup sub-Sa Ma hot pot of ethnic characteristics.
Manchu people three meals a day habit sooner or later eat cooked rice or rice porridge for lunch made with yellow rice or sorghum bread, cake, bread, cake, water dumpling like to do the cooked rice and more with the millet , sorghum, corn. The Manchu people are used to raise pigs and spring Festival each year to kill pigs, part of the meat marinate in the jars to a year of food. The rest is used to improve their lives, in honor of the visitors. Most accustomed to eat the white meat blood sausage, pork and sauerkraut stew vermicelli. Every festival, eat dumplings, the lunar New Year's Eve festive dinner shall eat the hand-grilled meat.
during the Manchu ancestors engaged in hunting and fishing industry, of no fixed abode, food from time to time, sometimes a person held a banquet unrestrained, singing and dancing. After entering the Liaoshen region, engaged in farming life, traditional dinners are rare, but the hospitality of Manchu customs enduring.

tibetan

tibetan diet can be roughly divided into two types: farmers generally mainly barley, wheat grain, followed by corn and peas. The daily main food is fried barley and pea powder made of "tsampa. tibetan like to drink butter tea, eat roasted barley flour is often

eating habits related books


plus tea and butter, milk residue, rich and delicious, nutrient-rich. Vegetables radish, rape, onion, water celery. Along the along the lhasa River, peaches, apricots, pears, dates, walnuts, grapes. Pastoralists while beef, mutton and dairy as the main food. Herders are generally a large number of slaughtered cattle and sheep, cattle fat in the winter season made from dried meat consumption for a year. Dairy products, butter, yogurt, Cottage cheese, cheese. Are highly nutritious food. Herders carnivorous greasy, so need to drink tea. In addition to tea outside, there is widespread drinking barley wine, brewed with cooked barley. Its low degree of alcohol, similar to the rice wine. The pale, sweet and sour taste, refreshing, and delicious, slightly stamina.
tibetan staple food, the shape of the noodles in the Mainland. Tsampa raw materials of barley, peas, oats. tibetan regardless of work in the fields, the mountain grazing, travel, must carry Zan loquat. When eating a bowl Pour a small amount of roasted barley flour, add butter tea to reconcile consumption. Zan loquat and easy to carry, it is cooked, the lack of pastoral areas in the sparsely populated, fuel is a cheap, convenient and practical foods.

Hui Hui living in the city, usually three meals a day, breakfast, mostly at home, cook beef and mutton hot steamed or baked the Tuotuo bun with fried pickles to eat, or with the December cattle and sheep meat There are elderly people like with fried peanuts to eat. lunch to eat beef and mutton Paomo more people, there are many families like to eat the Tuotuo steamed with cooking. The cooking is generally more simple dishes, such as lotus white pork with celery Pork, Vinegar potato silk, sweet & sour zucchini, spiced fried pickles, fried and spicy sauce. dinner most of the noodles to eat many different types of noodles, broken face, long face, lo mein, cage surface, eating dumplings, steamed buns, baked buns and leek pie.


[Cause]

boil is caused by what the?

infection and skin dirty, scratches, high ambient temperature or lower the body resistance to infection-related. Boils can occur in any follicles of the skin area, often to the head, face, neck, armpits and buttocks so often by the friction of the parts is more common.

(a) causes

boil the pathogenic bacteria Staphylococcus aureus based, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, are also caused by the disease. Local and systemic skin's resistance to infection is reduced mainly due to Benbingfasheng, so infants, malnutrition, diabetes is a good risk of this disease. Dirty skin, skin abrasions, high ambient temperatures often lead to local infection such as the direct cause.

(B) the pathogenesis

bacteria invade the hair follicle and their sebaceous glands and sweat glands, in hair follicles and surrounding tissue multiply rapidly, producing toxins, causing local tissue degeneration, necrosis, and the center of the formation of boils, the performance of local congestion, exudation, induration. Aggregation of neutrophils to the damaged body tissue cells and bacteria to be destroyed, and he gradually necrosis and dissolution, the formation of abscesses in the dermis. Due to Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase contain toxins, so the formation of pus bolt, protruding outward. Swelling and induration clinically visible in the center of a yellow-white pus plug. This is Staphylococcus aureus infected lesion characteristics. Ulceration after discharge pus, abscess gradually by the new fibrous tissue repair and healing.

[Sign]

boil the early symptoms?

1. redness, swelling, heat, pain summary, cylindrical cone.

2. inflammation to the development of nodules increases, the pain intensified.

3. A few days later nodules central necrosis, abscess formation, dissolution, soft induration, pain relief, the central pus head most of the self-rupture, discharge pus, inflammation subsided recovery.

4. furuncle usually no obvious symptoms, but if the blood flow occurred in the rich parts of the body resistance weakened, it can cause discomfort, chills, fever, headache and loss of appetite and other symptoms of toxemia.

5. Facial Boil such as intracranial infection, facial swelling and severe, may be associated with chills, fever, headache, sinus infections and other embolization.

boil because of location, severity of different clinical manifestations may vary.

local swelling and pain sclerosis: no systemic symptoms of early disease and more, only infection redness, swelling, pain, range of not more than 2cm in diameter, small nodules gradually enlarged, as papules bulge. A few days later lesions extended about 3 ~ 5cm, nodules gradually softened, the center was white, a slight touch of the fluctuations; then ulceration pus, and the emergence of yellow-white pus plug. Pus bolt off, pus shed, the inflammation subsides and healing. There is no pus boil bolt (the so-called headless boil), since the collapse a bit late, need to find ways to promote its pus discharge (Figure 2 ).

fever, swollen lymph nodes: furuncle serious infection, the local area of ​​the lymph nodes, tenderness, and may be associated with body heat, and sometimes lymph node abscess formation.

nose, upper lip and around (called "dangerous triangle") of the surface boil, add or pushed in touch, the bacteria via the angular vein, ophthalmic vein into the brain, causing intracranial suppurative infection. At this point may have fever, headache, vomiting, consciousness disorders.

early follicular redness, swelling, heat, pain, induration. After the white purulent center, there is volatility. May be associated with systemic fever, elevated white blood cell count and differential count.

[Aftertreat]

boil ate?

therapeutic side:

1. composed of: a single head of garlic, honey, 9 grams. Usage: pound evenly wrap the affected area.

2. consists of: single head of garlic amount. Usage: Peel and slice into 2 to 3 mm, with the first affected area with warm salt water when dry wash, and then sticking garlic, and gently massage the 10 to 20 minutes, 2 or 3 times a day, 2 3 There is no more. Indications: Boil, folliculitis. Note: In severe cases, such as local irritation may reduce the massage time, a serious condition should be added to serve anti-inflammatory drugs.

3 . composed of: tea 2 grams of dried honeysuckle 1 gram. Usage: boiling water 6 minutes after each meal drink in a cup. Indications: Boil, exogenous heat.

4. composed of: fresh Malan first 100 grams, the amount of liquor. Usage: Add a little salt before blindly smashed wine Ban Cheng paste, coating the surface of the skin furuncle carbuncle. Indications: furuncle, carbuncle.

5. Composition: rosin 10 grams of white wine. Usage: rosin research to fine tune white wine into a paste, resisting heat, wrap the affected area after dissolution, for the degree of responsibility to cover all of the above and then covered with wax paper and tape securely, to enhance efficacy, can drop a few drops of wine, rosin to keep moist. Indications: furuncle, carbuncle, folliculitis.

6. smashed topical papaya leaves, swollen boil carbuncle treatment drug.

7. fresh peach leaf, plug smashed the lesion, treatment of nasal furuncle.

8. rhizome or fresh banana leaves smashed Jiao Zhi, coating the surface of the skin, cure carbuncles, boils, swelling.

9. almond powder with sesame oil paint, heat treatment boil.

10. Purple cane coal deposit of the skin, powder, paint the affected area or sesame oil dressing, boil carbuncle treatment, stomatitis , eczema.

11. raw taro add a little salt, smashed drunk wrap the affected area twice a day replacement, bones can cure pain, swelling of unknown drugs, pediatric head hot boil, finger boil.

12. raw loofah (or leaf), smashed juice, coated surface of the skin, soak sore treatment days, yellow water sores, heat boils, urticaria .

13. mung bean sugar kelp: seaweed 60 grams, shredded, green beans, 150 grams, with the soup, add brown sugar to taste food. There Sedative, diuretic, soft-kin, Phlegm, scattered gall tumor effect. For hypertension, beriberi edema, neck lymphadenopathy, simple goiter, prickly heat boils hot summer day in children poison, phlegm cough embolism.

14. yi melon soup: melon (not peeled) 500-600 g, yi 50-100 grams of soup. Can be flavored with sugar or salt, on behalf of the tea used, heat, hot weather, diuretic, dehumidification effect. Drugs for Rush boils, eczema athlete's foot, yellow urine deficient.

15. Daozhi raw turnip, vinegar and rub the affected area transfer, heat treatment boil.

16. green beans 30 grams of powder, each 10 grams, water delivery service, boils cure breast swelling and pain.

17. failure to adopt the open rose 3 - 5 朵 wash, add water, two pregnant, suffering from a cup of low heat, ice sugar 30 grams, made of rose soup, until the temperature dose, to cure blood stasis amenorrhea, boils Chung pain, traumatic swelling and pain.

18. boils and pus ulceration of the skin sore or eczema, rinse with water, tea, allow the wound clean and promote healing.

19. a white sweet potato, peeled and chopped, smashed, can also be added with the same amount of fresh Houttuynia smashed, spreads in the affected area, apply to the local heating that line replace (about two three hours long), and even apply a few days more, boils cure mastitis.

20. soybeans amount, turn on the water immersed soft, add a little alum were smashed drunk, external surface of the skin, swollen boils boil treatment.

21. adzuki beans with water until soft, mash with water or vinegar, or honey or egg amount, into a paste, external surface of the skin, cure mumps, hot boil.

22. Kapok 30 - 50 grams of sugar amount, fry a bowl with water and drink two bowls and a half. Favorable moisture, heat effect. For enteritis, urethritis, eczema, summer boil embolism.

23. fresh buckwheat leaves 60 grams, Shuijianbi day one; or fried yellow noodles with the vinegar into a paste, applied to the lesion, sooner or later be replaced. Governance sore, swollen boils, erysipelas, mastitis, and swelling of unknown drugs.

appropriate patients to eat what?

1, edible grapes plus zinc salt or zinc, other foods such as soy, sunflower seeds, wheat bran, yeast, brown sugar and so on.

2, Yi Shi taste light, the cold food, such as Malan head, purslane, melon, red and white radish, bitter gourd, sponge gourd, mung bean, red bean, lily, chrysanthemum brain and celery.

patients unfit to eat what?

not eat ginger, pepper and other spicy foods , as well as mustard, yellow croaker, shrimp, crab, chicken head, goose, Zhu Tourou so fat objects.

should avoid fried foods and meat, edible oil cans.

data only refer to the specific, please ask a doctor.

[Prevent]

how to prevent boils?

boil is born of acute suppurative superficial skin disorders, widely available health, children, young people more common. "Surgical management case" that: "boil persons, birth processes, floating red rootless feet, swollen found in the skin, only the width of an inch, there is less pain, a few days later Microsoft, thin peel, the beginning of the blue water, the latter from breaking the pus out of. "The disease occurs in the summer and autumn, protruding roots shallow, swelling potential limitations, lift the red pain, mostly in the range of about 3cm, easily swollen, easy to collapse, Yi Lian. Early can be divided into a head, without the first two kinds of general light and easy to cure the symptoms, so the saying goes, "no boil the size of a pus like." ;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; But also due to the formation of improper treatment or care "mole cricket boils," or repeated seizures, lack of disunion. Multiple furunculosis ", is difficult to cure.

[Treat]

boil precautions before treatment?

attention to the skin clean, timely replacement of underwear and avoid skin injuries, especially in the summer, to bathe, wash your hair, hair, changing clothes, nails, children in particular should pay attention. With honeysuckle and wild chrysanthemum Jiantang tea. Boil the surrounding skin should be kept clean and coated with 70% alcohol to prevent infection spread to nearby hair follicles.

boil Chinese medicine treatment methods

total boil caused by the toxic heat treatment to detoxify the basic principles.

A Differential Treatment:

1. Heat toxin Accumulation card: lesion processes, such as cone, burning pain, or fever, thirst, tongue pink, yellow fur, rapid pulse. Detoxification. Flavors disinfection decoction.

2. Shushi heat Melancholia: seen in summer and autumn, the affected area, such as agglomeration cone, single or multiple, burning pain, chest tightness, anorexia, deficient urination, red tongue, greasy or yellowish, veins slippery. Qingshu dampness, detoxification swelling. Qingshu Decoction.

3. Is virtual evil love cards: distributed in the body, local color dark red, pus scarce, one after another, delayed healing, with fever, irritability, thirst, or fatigue, limb soft, red tongue thin yellow, rapid pulse. Righting detoxification. Liu Wei Di Huang Decoction.

Second, external treatment and other treatment:

1. The beginning of detoxification should be swelling, moderate to henbane, water reconcile, wrap the affected area. Or wishful golden powder for external application. Or green cream Waicha.

2. Pus, the clip bolt out the pus.

3. Unhealed after the collapse, sores can be a little ninety-one Dan to drugs or drug line twist into sores, topical berberine gauze.

4. Oral Meihuadianshe Dan, Niuhuangjiedu, Fang Feng Tong Sheng Wan, Liushen other medicine.

5. Unilateral prescription: Silver Flower 30g, licorice 10g, decoction, on behalf of the tea.

Western boil treatment

1. Local treatment, such as heat, physical therapy, 10% ichthyol coated ointment. Facial Boil should rest in bed should not squeeze or prick Boil, so as not to spread to the brain.

2. Swelling or have a large range of obvious symptoms, should give systemic antibiotics (third-generation cephalosporin antibiotics).

3. The formation of abscess, incision and drainage should be timely but should be avoided Boil the face cut.

(a) treatment

1. The principles of early treatment to promote inflammation subsided, after early drain purulent pus; timely elimination of systemic adverse reactions.

2. Local treatment

(1) Physical therapy: early, ultraviolet micro-irradiation, can promote local anti-inflammatory, to prevent proliferation. Swelling stage, the selection of FM, infrared and other heat, promote Boil liquid. 2 to 3 times / d, 20 ~ 30min / times.

(2) Drug eraser: 0.5% povidone-iodine scrub, the drug not only for skin irritation, and the role of long-lasting, no pigmentation. Can also be used erythromycin, tetracycline ointment.

(3) topical cream: local swelling and a small pustules, use ichthyol, wishful golden powder, Gyokuro powder and so on.

(4) incision and drainage: Boil into pus, nodules soften, a sense of volatility, you can make a small incision drainage or fire needle drainage. Taboo squeeze purulent lesions.

(5) to keep local clean and dry: adhere to local skin cleaning, daily showers are the best conditions. Young children with skin, topical lip after taking a bath in summer, to avoid the formation of multiple Boil.

3. Systemic treatment usually does not require systemic treatment of boils. But facial boils or accompanied by chills, fever, headache, general malaise, etc., should be given antibiotics. Clinical observations and experimental results show that the efficacy of penicillin, cephalothin, cefazolin and amikacin better effect.

(B) the prognosis

generally good prognosis after active treatment, without sequelae.

[Examine]

boil should be how?

1. Peripheral blood

(1) white blood cell count: fever, elevated WBC count may have.

(2) white blood cell count: white blood cell count was elevated often accompanied by increased neutrophils .

2. diabetes check

(1) fasting plasma glucose measurement: two fasting blood glucose were increased, should consider the possibility of diabetes.

(2) glycated serum protein: This clinical trial is not the impact of fluctuations in blood glucose higher than normal to help the diagnosis of diabetes.

(3) glycosylated hemoglobin: glycosylated hemoglobin and blood glucose were positively correlated, and the irreversible reaction. Diabetes is often higher than the normal 2 to 3 times.

3. bacteriologic

(1) bacterial culture: the multiple, repeated infections, abscesses can be extracted directly pus for bacterial culture, positive results will help the diagnosis of pathogens.

(2) drug susceptibility testing: bacterial culture in the pus, while line drug susceptibility testing can provide the scientific basis of clinical drug treatment.

[Diff]

boil diseases easily confused?

1. Multiple sweat gland abscesses are summer disease, more common in infants and young children and frail mother's head, forehead, etc .. Lesions of multiple subcutaneous abscesses. Surface tenderness, inflammation lighter. No pus bolt, left scars. Usually accompanied by a lot of prickly heat. Generally known as prickly heat poison. It was also known as pseudo furunculosis (Pseudofurunculosis).

2. Hidradenitis suppurativa common in young women, lesions of the skin induration. Subcutaneous abscess formation, followed by skin redness, swelling, heat, pain, ulceration scarring. Lesions occur in the armpits, groin, genital and perianal, umbilical, etc.

3. acne acne mild infection, red, swollen, painful, but the disease is small, the top a little bit like creamy.

4. sebaceous cysts sebaceous cyst infection are redness, swelling, pain, but the previous round has been painless mass over an extended period , the epidermis as usual.

5. carbuncle carbuncle with redness, swelling, pain, but there are several hair follicle infection, lesions larger than the boil.

[Disease]

hump-related diseases

juvenile osteochondrosis of vertebral osteoporosis youth sexual hump sore scoliosis ankylosing spondylitis vitamin D deficiency disease

more back symptoms

small blisters appear back back pain back spasms, back pain does not have subtle linen spine back pain sinus pain Road with sensory ataxia spinal nerve root damage spinal cord hemisection syndrome, spinal cord lesions of hemorrhagic infiltration of the spinal cord injury spinal cord infarction, cauda equina involvement across the spinal cord within the spinal cord gliosis in the spinal cord anterior horn of the spinal cord lesion cavity formed spinal thalamic tract compression


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