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The hymen



   

[Intro]

Hymen the vaginal opening is located in the rear of the rear of the vestibule of the external urethral orifice. Its margin of a thin layer of the mucosal folds


hymen Overview

hymen is a woman in the vagina and vaginal vestibule at the boundaries, a thin film of tissue surrounding the vaginal opening. Also known as the vaginal membrane.
hymen, English Hymen, it is to cover up a hole in the layer center in the women's vagina, I film, its location in the vagina at the junction of the mouth, vagina and vaginal vestibule. The vagina is the depression after the lower part of the labia majora (the depression depth of about 2 to 3 cm), it is often mistakenly believe that the hymen is inside the vagina. The pros and cons were tested hymen pink or translucent, the same color with the surrounding mucosa. Surface wet. The small girl's hymen and thick, with the maturation of the female body, the hymen will gradually become thin and have a certain toughness. The adult woman's hymen is about 1 to 2 mm thick, during which contain connective tissue, capillaries and nerve endings. In the center of the hymen, usually have a diameter of 1.5 cm holes, medically known as the hymen hole, menstrual excreted through the holes. The shape of the hole everyone is different, the shape of the opening, the hymen hole can be divided into round, oval, circular sieve-shaped, umbrella-shaped sub-leaf, star, septal separation, crescent-shaped , half-moon, lip more than 30 kinds. Common hymen hole of the round and oval. In the Arab world, the crescent-shaped hymen hole is regarded as the most precious rare based on the hymen, only about 15 per 100,000. In fact, the hymen hole of any shape, and its physiological function and there is no difference, precious or not out of the question. The "hymen mark: Typically, the hymen hole enables a finger slowly insert, but there are exceptions, and some girls may be innate, no hymen hole, just as some people have some kind of congenital defects. In some movies novels, often with cloth single upper with a lot of blood mark for women's virginity, which give people the impression is nothing more than a virgin hymen the first time living with heavy bleeding. From a medical point of view, this is not exact. In fact, the rupture of the hymen, and not like the large blood vessels rupture when it was bleeding profusely, mostly small amount of bleeding, only a few drops, or dozens of blood, some woman might not even have a drop of blood. hymen rupture, four weeks irregular, but the texture remains soft after sexual intercourse, the scar is not evident. Women during childbirth due to the expulsion of the fetus, the hymen is further damaged, it would leave several smaller uplift traces, this trace is called the "hymen marks.

hymenvirgin

hymen: the hymen generally rupture after sexual intercourse, the traditional concept put the hymen is intact as to whether she had sex the only test method. In ancient Greece, the bride and groom into the bridal chamber, two women called "Ma Shente" to follow, as a witness to break melon. The so-called "broken melon, groom white towel wrapped around the finger of the left hand, and then inserted into a woman vagina, proved to be a virgin in the towel with bloodstains by Ma Shite confirm. Help the bride into the bridal chamber before washing the body is also Ma Shite, have been deflowered girl bribed Ma Shite, first with the blood of the bird and animal blood into the vagina, to confuse the man. In the history of our country, "meta red check also spread quite widely. Although specific examples of experience Zhen Song only, but early experience already mentioned in the writings of the jin dynasty Ching. Many literary works, and scholars in the description of the wedding night, but also often make some "delicate description of the experience of red". In some villages, the elders seem to whether the wife was a virgin also very concerned about, and often teach a man use various methods to verify. They focus on, is that the woman's hymen is broken, to the hymen to identify whether she is at fault Ching. the concept of virginity in modern society, although gradually fade, but in some people, especially men's minds, but can not say that it has not. self-esteem is the most precious, young girls, of course, self-esteem, it should not and human hair. However, if it is really inevitable to happen, or do not turn too much burden. Sexual intercourse, of course, make the ruptured hymen but the hymen rupture is not always sexual intercourse caused by strenuous exercise, vaginal medication, some heavy physical labor can be caused by the ruptured hymen. Ignorance of childhood, of a foreign body into the vagina as well as masturbation, but also make the ruptured hymen. Between the hymen and virgin and do not always draw an equal sign. Between the hymen and disorderly conduct, not casually equate. But generally speaking, most of the health of unmarried women did not have sexual relations before the hymen is intact, will see red on their wedding night. After all, the man who grew up in the traditional Chinese culture has a hymen complex, young girls must not be easily and people have sexual relations, but also pay attention to protect themselves to avoid the rupture of the hymen in an irregular situation in daily life. Besides the presence of the hymen to prevent outside unclean things into the vagina, but also beneficial. hymen of man and the vaginal part of the apes the bottom of the vaginal opening at the narrow film. May be due to sexual intercourse and other reasons such damage leave the the the hymen mark (carunculae hymenales). From the vagina and the origin of Mueller's pipe (in the broad sense of the fallopian tubes) in the urogenital sinus, vaginal vestibule, occurred after two to get through the opening half of the junction of the two residues of membrane - hymen.

anatomical traits

hymen many female animals, including African elephants, seals, lemurs, guinea pigs, and human organization. The middle of the human hymen hole is not completely closed, completely or partially covering the vaginal opening of a layer of translucent connective tissue diaphragm, the pros and cons of the film were tested pink, surface moist, rich vascular tissue and a small amount of nerves.
in the middle of the hymen, a 1 to 1.5 cm diameter holes, medically known as the hymen hole, blood excreted through the holes. The shape of the hole everyone is different, the shape of the opening, the hymen hole can be divided into round, oval, circular sieve-shaped, umbrella-shaped sub-leaf, star, septal separation, crescent-shaped , half-moon, lip more than 30 kinds. Only few women are born without the hymen, the small number of women the hymen is not porous, belonging to the civil alleged "stone woman" a pathology known as imperforate hymen, this situation makes the women in the menstrual blood can not be discharged, often found in adolescence menstrual late, and accompanied by periodic pain in lower abdomen, and treatment of common hymen incision treatment.
hymen need exposure to the vulva can be observed in the shape of a wide range. Formed after the hymen rupture hymen marks.

development and damage



hymen in the fetal ~~ 4 development, the formation of different shape and thickness to adolescence hymen, the hymen of adolescents in general smaller and thick, with the maturation of the female body, the hymen will gradually become a large, thin, and there considerable toughness. Adult woman's hymen is about 1-2 mm thick.
first sexual intercourse, the hymen is bursting and the formation of rip and cause bleeding. hymen shapes and sizes, the degree of rupture will be very different. There are two holes in the septum-shaped hymen bleeding more, accompanied by severe pain. lip hymen bleeding very little, almost no pain. Thick and resilient umbrella hymen may completely rupture.
fertility delivered due to the fetus through the vagina, the hymen is further damaged. Sometimes leaving only a few remnants of the protrusions, called hymen mark. Cesarean delivery does not occur to these changes.

sexual ethics and the hymen

In the past, men can not physiologically ensure that the spouse produced children is their own offspring, so mate choice (especially long-term spouse, such as the wife) must be the future Children are sure into account. The men face this problem has evolved one of the strategies, mate more emphasis on chastity, preferences of women without sexual experience. Simply put, is to try to avoid and married women may harbor other children.
the integrity of the hymen is usually considered proof of female premarital chastity, because it will usually when women first sex male penis piercing damage bleeding, but there are few hard and tough, after several times sex still remain intact, even post-partum still complete a special case, and also partly due to strenuous exercise, accidents, or substantial female masturbation activities, broken before first sex (and very common). First time intercourse bleeding is more common. With the advances of modern medicine, the hymen can already by the method of surgical repair (usually low-cost gynecological minor operation), thus further weakening the integrity proof of first sex. Therefore, in some areas and then the implementation of the "circumcision" for women, including two-year-old girl yin labia stitching the labia to be married by her husband gradually cut the vulva is to be the production cut, then stitched. the physiological structure of the

hymen

In fact, the hymen is not the literal meaning of the so-called layer of film, it is actually a very thin, very tender fibers of the connective tissue, located away from the vaginal opening about 5 cm or so at was the circle of the circular folds like. Normal hymen has pores, can be presented a ring semicircle-shaped, cribriform, called the hymen hole. Rich in capillaries, nerve endings in the mucosa of the hymen. Thus, when the rupture of the hymen, women often appear small amount of vaginal bleeding accompanied by pain.
virgin first sexual intercourse, the male's penis into the vagina, often bursting hymen formation of cracks, breach of the hymen are often multiple, from the center to the radial extension around the male penis enter the general direction is down inward, so the gap on both sides of the bottom at the deeper of the vaginal opening, the bottom of the can of Scientology, known as complete rupture. Sometimes, because of sexual intercourse when the man is too much force, and enable near the vaginal wall laceration. Women had given birth, the fetus was delivered by the vaginal hymen further damage, as well as everywhere, incomplete, sometimes leaving only a few remnants of the protrusions, called the hymen marks. If cesarean delivery because the baby is delivered from the lower abdominal incision, and not through the vagina, the hymen is still to maintain the shape of marriage.

hymen role

Before puberty, female reproductive organs have yet to develop improved, and the vaginal mucous membrane is relatively weak acidity lower, and therefore can not block bacterial invasion. When the hymen is thick, will assume this responsibility, to play a role to protect the female reproductive system.
After puberty, the female genital development gradually improved, the vagina has a role in resistance to bacterial invasion, the hymen has gradually become weak, it lost this role. So, for mature women, the hymen has no longer has any physiological function.the role of hymen hole

female sexual maturation period, menstrual blood is through the hymen hole excreted the hymen on the porosity, the menstrual blood can not be successfully eliminated from the body, the phenomenon known in medicine as "imperforate hymen". Menstrual blood in the vagina long-term accumulation of upward flow to the uterine cavity, fallopian tubes, or even into the abdominal cavity, causing abdominal infection cause abdominal pain.
How do I know the hymen is broken
In general, to determine the hymen is broken and needs to be checked by a professional gynecologist to determine. Women themselves to determine the hymen is broken more difficult, even with the sex life of men is also difficult to determine. The majority of men and women often with vaginal bleeding to determine whether the female hymen rupture. In fact, this approach is unscientific, because otherwise the women vaginal bleeding, such as women suffering from vaginitis, and uterine fibroids. In addition, some women's hymen rupture bleeding rarely, does not necessarily outside the outflow of the vagina
hymen rupture which
hymen due from the vaginal opening close to the slightest mistake will result in the rupture of the hymen. hymen a variety of reasons, we are most familiar with is a female for the first time having sex, the hymen will rupture. In addition, following the accident, the hymen will rupture bleeding. If women can participate in the high jump, horse riding, martial arts, such as strenuous exercise makes hymen; and some women, use the built-in tampon improper cleaning genitals even during masturbation can also cause the hymen rupture. Strenuous exercise, vaginal medication, some heavy physical labor can be caused by the ruptured hymen, childhood ignorance, foreign objects into the vagina as well as masturbation, but also make the ruptured hymen. how to properly look at the relationship between the hymen and virgin

has long been the traditional concept that the hymen is a sign of the virgin, hymen rupture means that women no longer a virgin. This is a very feudal ideology, mere rupture of the hymen defined a virgin is very one-sided. First, the reasons for the breakdown from the previously described hymen must not simply from the integrity of the hymen to determine the female is not a virgin. Some women do not have sex because of some accident the hymen occurred rupture. In addition, some women the hymen is intact, but does occur the sex. This is because the relaxation, these women the hymen hymen hole, after sexual intercourse, the hymen may from time to rupture. In conclusion, rupture of the hymen and women occurred in sexual behavior not necessarily linked, it is even more can not be solely the integrity of the hymen to determine whether women virgin. Should be the ultimate definition of "virgin" - has never had sex with men women, that is never the male organ into the female vagina.
Although the reasons for rupture of the hymen is very large, but the most important reason is still sex. So, the girls deal with premarital sex and have a clear understanding.

hymen real role

do not have a tissue and organ like the hymen, as caused by a large number of ancient and new topics which organs would be if the hymen as to human destiny in the female body from staged the life and death, Taixidabei farce.
hymen is part of the female genital. fetus 3 to 4 months, development, formation of a shape and thickness to adolescence hymen. The pore was round-shaped, circular, like a half months, cribriform a variety of forms. It is located in the vaginal opening, a layer of mucosal tissue in the vaginal vestibule, was a circle ring folds like a width of about 0.5 cm hole in the middle, so that menstrual blood and secretions outflow. Only a very few women are born without a hymen, only a handful of women the hymen is not porous, known as the "stone woman".
hymen as the external genitalia of a barrier from the physical point of view, it is an obstacle to gender life, is to prevent the penis into the vaginal barrier, this barrier is a single look from the physiological responses, it may be to the woman different levels of painful feelings. Some women due to the role of the hymen fragments, resulting in a long time sexual intercourse pain. It should be said that the role of the hymen in the life of the man and no woman will bring some pain hymen couple both sides are unfavorable. In the sexual life, may also pose a threat to men and women of both physiological and psychological, should encounter the hymen "strong resistance" to make the man "less than Jiugong, the man was too excited and nervous quick ejaculation, if the man so back the ideological burden, may do so after premature ejaculation. In addition, if the woman is a nervous man too impatient or rude, in the case of first sexual intercourse, the woman may have some pain, that to the woman to leave the heavy mental shadow of some woman in marriage for a long time frigidity, vaginismus. Therefore, the presence of the emergence of both men and women, sexual dysfunction and the hymen is not unrelated.
human social development to this day, most of the mature female hymen will be due to a combination of men and women have been destroyed, leaving only the deformed fragments. So that from the evolutionary point of view, the hymen seems to be a superfluous organ. However, the nature of another "survival of the fittest" principle is universally applicable. "Use and disuse" is also an important nature rules. hymen since an adverse impact on both men and women the first night of life, and sooner or later have to be torn, why it exists? The role of the hymen what is it?
Some scholars was explored after the following two assumptions:
1, the protection of the female reproductive system: this doctrine believe that the hymen of the female reproductive system and even body plays a protective effect. It is a protective barrier to prevent the invasion of pathogenic factors. the hymen is guarding the door of the vagina, it can prevent the urine into the vagina. The ancient woman is no dress them up a piece of fur in the lower body circumference, lower body open easily lead to bacterial invasion. The girl's vaginal wall is relatively thin, ovarian development is not yet fully this barrier thanks to the hymen, the protection of the reproductive system, the protection of women's fertility. Some scholars believe that 16 to 18 years ago, the female body is not fully developed, the hymen also very hypertrophy, which is a warning device to avoid premature sex. For women, premature sex, susceptible to repeated infections of the cervix and cause cervical cancer. Moreover, early sexual initiation, an adverse impact on prenatal and postnatal care will. the hymen exactly played such a role of prevention. For men, sex with immature girls, it is difficult to overcome the hymen line of defense is still very tough. For women, premature sex life, give your body a considerable spasm. according to the physician survey, the hymen is gore, more than about 2/3 will feel pain, and accompanied by bleeding. Get married sooner, this phenomenon is more obvious.

summary

The morphology of the hymen ring, umbrella, lip-like, cribriform, and its thickness, toughness, and shape vary, some women the hymen toughness film hole, even if the sexual history can also be intact; some women the hymen is thin, poor toughness, due to more vigorous exercise such as running, jumping, trauma so that rupture and therefore can not according to the hymen damage to verify that the female sexual activity.
hymen is a thin film of the female vagina extraoral organization, composed of capillaries, nerve endings, and connective tissue, the middle of a small hole in the hymen hole. Ring, umbrella, lip-like, cribriform hymen shape, thickness, toughness, and shape vary, some women the hymen, good toughness, film hole, even if the sexual history can also be intact ; while some women the hymen is thin and toughness, it ruptured due to more vigorous exercise such as running, jumping, trauma, and can not be based on the hymen if there is damage to verify that the female sexual activity.
hymen is located in the vaginal opening, is a layer of membrane organization in the female vaginal opening, the middle hole for blood flow. the hymen is a women after birth or within the embryo in the mother's womb during development has, rather than some people think that "only after puberty. In all the species in the nature, the only human females only. Why do human females have hymen, what is the role of the hymen, it remains a mystery. However, due to the oppression of the feudal ideology of women, the hymen has become the central focus of the virgin.
In fact, the hymen, and if a virgin is irrelevant. The shape and thickness of each woman's hymen, in the experience of sex life, the hymen is not broken, or it may even rupture without bleeding, there are very few parts of woman, born without a hymen. In addition, some women in the youth or adolescence due to the significant movement of the legs makes the hymen had already ruptured, there is no sexual life of the part of female masturbation fingers or with objects into the vagina and lead to hymen rupture are life addition to the factors that lead to hymen rupture and whether or not a virgin has nothing to do. On the contrary, some women the hymen is very tough, even gone through a number of sex life without rupture, surgical incision until the pre-production needs, this is how the concept of virgin to measure it?

hymen study of history

Shougong Sha is the ancient chinese used to test whether the woman who have sex with a sign. The earliest recorded on Shougong Sha written in the jin dynasty Zhang, "Natural History", but there is no scientific basis.
Qing dynasty notes insects diffuse recorded description of a young girl legs riding a ruptured hymen, blood Sukie Sukie. An old man saw, they put a hoe collection. Later, girls get married, the wedding night did I hear red, be mistaken for infidelity. Husband going to divorced brides. The old man carrying a hoe arrived at the bride redress.

hymen hypertrophy diagnosis and treatment

hymen fibrous connective tissue hyperplasia and hypertrophy. The hypertrophy lack of flexibility will be tough, resulting in pain during intercourse, sexual intercourse difficult or penis can not be inserted.
symptoms
normal hymen thick, spontaneous rupture of the first time sexual intercourse, or minor pain and a little bleeding, left laceration traces of sexual intercourse marks card in the future. hymen hypertrophy due to hypertrophic and tough to make sexual intercourse pain, and it is difficult to spontaneous rupture of the penis into the blocked. Forced sexual intercourse must be caused by pain. In pain fear, the subconscious of the penis do not want to insert it again sexual intercourse may occur vaginismus. If the hymen is mild hypertrophy, forced sexual intercourse or by the hymen ring laceration deep or bleeding more.
diagnosis
married painful intercourse, difficulty to medical treatment. Diagnosis by vaginal palpation: the hymen ring capacity refers to one or two fingers blocked, and a sense of the root of the film ring narrow tenacity; or minor palpation of the vaginal opening, we feel the posterior vaginal wall the sidewalls muscle spasm contraction.
treatment
line hymen ring expansion or incision or resection. expansion rectal dilator hymen mild hypertrophy, from fine to coarse, each model retained for 10 minutes, until that can accommodate two loose sexual intercourse until The discomfort expansion underwent surgery in local anesthesia for radial cut to ring the roots, and removal of the membrane valve along the ring roots, the wound was sutured with 2-0 catgut. Wound healing, the first sexual intercourse, the vaginal opening is preferable to 1% lidocaine ointment or lubricant, making successful intercourse. Of course, can not be ignored that the necessary knowledge and technical guidance to the couple.

hymen of the three stages of change

hymen through three stages in a woman's life changes:
Adolescence:
hymen cover the vagina near the external mouth, about 1 to 2 mm thick in the middle of a small hole, called the hymen hole, approximately 1 cm in diameter, usually circular, oval or serrated shape; some were half-moon, the membrane pore biased towards one side; some every-shaped hole, two holes up and down or left and right side by side; some scattered holes like a sieve.
menstruation, menstrual flow through the hole excreted. If the film does not have holes, the monthly menstrual flow is blocked, the accumulation of the vagina, and extended to the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes, and gone into the abdominal cavity, resulting in tubal damage, intestinal adhesion, abdominal infection, medically known as imperforate hymen must be the implementation of gynecological surgery.
in our pre-adolescents, ovarian secretion of estrogen, the vaginal mucosa is thin folds, low acidity, weak resistance, the hymen has blocked bacterial invasion of the vagina. , With the development of ovaries after puberty, increased estrogen vaginal resistance to strengthen, hymen loses its role.
the first night:
first sexual intercourse, the hymen is bursting and the formation of rip and cause bleeding.
hymen shapes and sizes, the extent of rupture will be very difference. There are two holes in the septum-shaped hymen bleeding more, accompanied by severe pain. lip hymen bleeding very little, almost no pain. Thick and resilient umbrella hymen may be completely broken!
according to the survey of U.S. gynecologists, about 30% of women at first intercourse, there is no bleeding. 30%, including flexibility and a strong umbrella hymen, it may be repeated after intercourse or after the trip of a crazy sex before rupture, but not bleeding. Also includes a porous sieve-shaped hymen rupture easily, it may be before the first sexual intercourse has been for various reasons, broke down.
after giving birth:
As the fetus was delivered by the vagina, the hymen is further damaged. Sometimes leaving only a few remnants of the protrusions, called hymen mark. Cesarean delivery does not occur to these changes.

imperforate hymen reason

Department due to the strong development of the hymen pleated urogenital sinus epithelium failed through the vestibule due to imperforate hymen more than menarche, such as the uterus and vagina development normal menarche after blood accumulated in the vagina then it spread to the uterus to the formation of vaginal uterine hemorrhage, excessive accumulation of blood can flow into the fallopian tubes into the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity near the umbrella of the Ministry, through the umbrella of the Ministry by the blood to stimulate the occurrence of edema and adhesions resulting in tubal atresia formation of vaginal hysterectomy fallopian tubes of blood.

imperforate hymen diagnosis

clinical manifestations
after puberty without menarche
2 gradually increased cyclical lower abdominal pain
3 lower abdominal palpable mass and increase the monthly
check the visible hymen outward bulging surface was purple and blue
5 digital rectal examination palpable to the pressure of great tenderness of the mass to the tension of the rectum
6 in severe symptoms associated with constipation, frequent urination or urinary retention and constipation anal bulge
diagnosis
1. the above-mentioned signs and symptoms
bulging at the puncture through the hymen can be removed from the viscous non-condensable dark brown or old the blood

hymen repair Note

hymen repair is a more common gynecological plastic surgery, either through surgery to restore the normal shape of the hymen, but also reduce the psychological burden of patients who filled. As technology continues to evolve, the hymen repair procedure is also in constant diversification of the current patch tile legitimate, throughout France, the sandwich method, the hymen of the original aperture recovery Act, the ring embedding method and direct suture, but due to poor blood supply of the hymen tissue fibers, postoperative wound tension, vulnerable to pollution and nursing difficulties, and many other reasons, a successful surgery is difficult, especially in complex rupture of the hymen.
the hymen development everyone is very different, and some thin and some thick, there is a hymen is the bulk of certain bleeding, from a scientific perspective is wrong, if the requirements of the first sexual life. Part of the development flexibility because the hymen is very good, the first time part of life can not get blood. Many girls and boys think that the life of a girl the first time must have bleeding, in order to prove a virgin, which is the psychological barrier of sexual life, if not the first time living out bleeding to measure whether a virgin, which is very scientific. And strenuous exercise can easily result in ruptured hymen. hymen vagina extraoral week a thin layer of mucosal tissue contains connective tissue, blood vessels and nerve endings, each person different developmental form does not rupture, often in strenuous exercise, trauma, sexual life. Because of the different development of each person hymen, hymen repair are different.
hymen repair Note:
(1) local mucosal flap tile legitimate design flap, the proximal to rely on the hymen at the base, so that formed the valve there is a sufficient width.
(2) edge of the rupture between the suture tension-free suture.
(3) using absorbable suture there are no stitches advantage.
(4) after surgery and make the necessary processing and maintaining local clean.
(5) 1 week after to avoid the stool is too dry and strenuous exercise and bumps, try to stay in bed
(6) the hymen repair surgery should avoid the menstrual period, surgery is generally arranged in the better 10 days before the menstrual net three days after the menstrual period, which means that before three days after the menstrual period menstrual net ten days on any given day can be ranked according to the hymen repair surgery.
(7) If sexually transmitted diseases or vaginitis of women should be the first treatment, and then ranked the hymen repair surgery. During pregnancy can not be ranked according to the hymen
repair surgery.
surgery best time :
hymen repair surgery should avoid the menstrual period, surgical general arrangements for 10 days menstrual net after three days before the menstrual period is better, that is ten days to in menstrual net after three days before the menstrual period between any day can be arranged hymen repair surgery. No pain within three minutes of the body of your girl.
If sexually transmitted diseases or vaginitis in women, should in the first treatment, and then arrange the hymen repair surgery. During pregnancy can not be arranged hymen repair surgery.
results of operations:
the difficulty of the surgery depends on the rupture of the hymen fragments shape. Less sexual life, sports and tear caused the rupture, and is generally easier to repair. Has had numerous sexual life, the hymen is seriously damaged, difficult to repair. After the repair can not guarantee hundred percent see red, authoritative statistics, see red rate of less than fifty percent, mainly due to see red is based on the membrane of vascular distribution relationship, the restored film, the general distribution of blood vessels less. postoperative Note:
hymen repair surgery within a week the need for conventional take some antibiotics, perineum every day with clean warm water shower, in order to maintain local clean? and use a disinfectant to disinfect the wound a week to prevent infection. hymen repair surgery within two weeks to try to avoid squatting on the toilet, the best sitting or squat up and down the bus, train, legs not too far apart. After surgery should eat more fruits to avoid constipation. Within one month after the hymen repair surgery not to carry out the activities Cycling the perineum to increase tension. hymen repair surgery a month should be to the hospital to review to ensure that the results of operations.

"stone woman" to get married

The so-called "stone woman" often refers to imperforate hymen, vaginal diaphragm, congenital absence of the vagina or vaginal atresia. This congenital defect is not born to be able to attract attention, some people are to puberty delay period, another some people even to the wedding night can not be sexual intercourse been discovered.


normal female, a vagina in the urethra below the mouth, around the vaginal opening, a thin film organization called the hymen, normal hymen is only one hole, the menstrual blood from this outflow. On many small holes would become cribriform hymen hymen, if not become imperforate hymen. Such as the uterus vaginal growth is not normal, after menarche, menstrual blood can not be discharged while the accumulation of blood in the vaginal hysterectomy; excessive accumulation of blood into the abdominal cavity through the fallopian tubes can also, near the tubal peritoneum to menstrual blood to stimulate the occurrence of edema, adhesions make umbrella of the Ministry atresia, the formation of the vagina - the uterus - tubal hemorrhage. This is often after puberty delay period, but once a month stomach ache and pain every time increased. If you are married and can not be the same room. This case should have medical care, timely diagnosis. The treatment is very simple, just cut the hymen, the release of blood clots, problems will be solved. Generally does not affect marriage and fertility.
also "stone woman" is the vagina under a diaphragm. This diaphragm, such as non-porous, can occur in similar symptoms with imperforate hymen. If you have a small hole, monthly abdominal pain, menstrual blood flow out of poor and by near heavier. Marriage often sexual intercourse difficult. This diaphragm is often mistaken for imperforate hymen, although the treatment is surgical incision surgical method compared with imperforate hymen incision is slightly complicated.
In short, the "stone woman" usually presents no menstruation, some people associated with once a month to gradually increase the small abdominal pain, accompanied by marriage dyspareunia. Mainly rely on surgical treatment, such as before marriage can avoid the wedding night a storm, and after surgery can solve the problem of sexual life. If the uterus and fallopian tubes are well developed, it can still have children.
Updated after sexual intercourse and childbirth after the hymen
virgin first sexual intercourse, the male's penis into the vagina, often bursting hymen formation of cracks, breach of the hymen are often multiple, from the center to the radial extension around the male penis enter the general direction is down inward, so the gap on both sides of the bottom at the deeper of the vaginal opening, the bottom of the can of Scientology, known as complete rupture. Sometimes, because of sexual intercourse when the man is too much force, and enable near the vaginal wall laceration. Women had given birth, the fetus was delivered by the vaginal hymen further damage, as well as everywhere, incomplete, sometimes leaving only a few remnants of the protrusions, called the hymen marks. If cesarean delivery because the baby is delivered from the lower abdominal incision, and not through the vagina, the hymen is still to maintain the shape of marriage.the relationship between
hymen and virgin
Generally speaking, women's hymen means no longer a virgin, but not entirely, although some women the hymen complete, but it is not a virgin, some women are indeed the real virgin the hymen has been broken. Hole due to some virgin hymen, elastic membrane blood vessels, coupled with relatively gentle instead of brutal sexual intercourse man several times after sexual intercourse, the hymen can rupture; the contrary, a virgin, because of some accident, so that the hymen rupture, if women in the ignorance of childhood, small toys into the vagina, and some encountered trauma, or sharp objects by chance arrived in the outer genitals, and some damage due to masturbation, washing or vaginal suppositories drug, while others had the hymen was very fragile, and engaging in strenuous exercise can rupture. Therefore, not only by whether the hymen is broken to identify a virgin.

at the female characteristics of what is

Department of female characteristics is what is the topic of common concern of every single male, but also many women want to understand the problem. Department of female characteristics is it? In fact, the inside of the modern consciousness, can represent no more than the most important basis of the Virgin, there are three, first, whether the hymen; first sexual intercourse, see red; sex life vagina feel a significant reduction tight.
First, the hymen
hymen is to cover up the hole in the layer center of the women's vagina, I film, located at the boundaries of the vagina and vaginal vestibule. The pros and cons of the film were tested pink surface moist. hymen of young people is small and thick, with the mature woman in the body's development, the hymen will gradually become a large and thin, and there is considerable toughness. Adult woman's hymen is about 1-2 mm thick, during which contain connective tissue, capillaries and nerve endings.
hymen rupture, usually in sexual intercourse after the traditional idea put the hymen is intact as to whether she had sex only test method. In fact, this is not true, can lead to ruptured hymen, there are many reasons, for example, to participate in the high jump, horse riding, martial arts and other strenuous exercise; to clean the genitals, built-in improper tampon use can lead to rupture.
Second, whether the first sexual intercourse, see red
will it rupture of the hymen is not only through sex life, take the first sexual intercourse whether or not to see red to measure the constancy of a woman or not very fair. Between the hymen and virgin and do not always draw an equal sign.When the hymen is thick, will assume this responsibility, to play a role to protect the female reproductive system. hymen a variety of reasons, we are most familiar with is a female for the first time having sex, the hymen will rupture. In addition, following the accident, the hymen will rupture bleeding.Women themselves to determine the hymen is broken more difficult, even with the sex life of men is also difficult to determine.In fact, this approach is unscientific, because otherwise the women vaginal bleeding, such as women suffering from vaginitis, and uterine fibroids.


[Cause]

boil is caused by what the?

infection and skin dirty, scratches, high ambient temperature or lower the body resistance to infection-related. boils can occur in any follicles of the skin area, often to the head, face, neck, armpits and buttocks so often by the friction of the parts is more common.

(a) causes

boil the pathogenic bacteria staphylococcus aureus based, Streptococcus, staphylococcus epidermidis, are also caused by the disease. Local and systemic skin's resistance to infection is reduced mainly due to Benbingfasheng, so infants, malnutrition, diabetes is a good risk of this disease. Dirty skin, skin abrasions, high ambient temperatures often lead to local infection such as the direct cause.

(B) the pathogenesis

bacteria invade the hair follicle and their sebaceous glands and sweat glands, in hair follicles and surrounding tissue multiply rapidly, producing toxins, causing local tissue degeneration, necrosis, and the center of the formation of boils, the performance of local congestion, exudation, induration. Aggregation of neutrophils to the damaged body tissue cells and bacteria to be destroyed, and he gradually necrosis and dissolution, the formation of abscesses in the dermis. Due to staphylococcus aureus, coagulase contain toxins, so the formation of pus bolt, protruding outward. Swelling and induration clinically visible in the center of a yellow-white pus plug. This is staphylococcus aureus infected lesion characteristics. ulceration after discharge pus, abscess gradually by the new fibrous tissue repair and healing.

[Sign]

boil the early symptoms?

1. redness, swelling, heat, pain summary, cylindrical cone.

2. inflammation to the development of nodules increases, the pain intensified.

3. A few days later nodules central necrosis, abscess formation, dissolution, soft induration, pain relief, the central pus head most of the self-rupture, discharge pus, inflammation subsided recovery.

4. furuncle usually no obvious symptoms, but if the blood flow occurred in the rich parts of the body resistance weakened, it can cause discomfort, chills, fever, headache and loss of appetite and other symptoms of toxemia.

5. facial boil such as intracranial infection, facial swelling and severe, may be associated with chills, fever, headache, sinus infections and other embolization.

boil because of location, severity of different clinical manifestations may vary.

local swelling and pain sclerosis: no systemic symptoms of early disease and more, only infection redness, swelling, pain, range of not more than 2cm in diameter, small nodules gradually enlarged, as papules bulge. A few days later lesions extended about 3 ~ 5cm, nodules gradually softened, the center was white, a slight touch of the fluctuations; then ulceration pus, and the emergence of yellow-white pus plug. pus bolt off, pus shed, the inflammation subsides and healing. There is no pus boil bolt (the so-called headless boil), since the collapse a bit late, need to find ways to promote its pus discharge (Figure 2 ).

fever, swollen lymph nodes: furuncle serious infection, the local area of ​​the lymph nodes, tenderness, and may be associated with body heat, and sometimes lymph node abscess formation.

nose, upper lip and around (called "dangerous triangle") of the surface boil, add or pushed in touch, the bacteria via the angular vein, ophthalmic vein into the brain, causing intracranial suppurative infection. At this point may have fever, headache, vomiting, consciousness disorders.

early follicular redness, swelling, heat, pain, induration. After the white purulent center, there is volatility. May be associated with systemic fever, elevated white blood cell count and differential count.

[Aftertreat]

boil ate?

therapeutic side:

1. composed of: a single head of garlic, honey, 9 grams. Usage: pound evenly wrap the affected area.

2. consists of: single head of garlic amount. Usage: peel and slice into 2 to 3 mm, with the first affected area with warm salt water when dry wash, and then sticking garlic, and gently massage the 10 to 20 minutes, 2 or 3 times a day, 2 3 There is no more. Indications: Boil, folliculitis. Note: In severe cases, such as local irritation may reduce the massage time, a serious condition should be added to serve anti-inflammatory drugs.

3 . composed of: tea 2 grams of dried honeysuckle 1 gram. Usage: boiling water 6 minutes after each meal drink in a cup. Indications: Boil, exogenous heat.

4. composed of: fresh Malan first 100 grams, the amount of liquor. Usage: Add a little salt before blindly smashed wine Ban Cheng paste, coating the surface of the skin furuncle carbuncle. Indications: furuncle, carbuncle.

5. Composition: rosin 10 grams of white wine. Usage: rosin research to fine tune white wine into a paste, resisting heat, wrap the affected area after dissolution, for the degree of responsibility to cover all of the above and then covered with wax paper and tape securely, to enhance efficacy, can drop a few drops of wine, rosin to keep moist. Indications: furuncle, carbuncle, folliculitis.

6. smashed topical papaya leaves, swollen boil carbuncle treatment drug.

7. fresh peach leaf, plug smashed the lesion, treatment of nasal furuncle.

8. rhizome or fresh banana leaves smashed Jiao Zhi, coating the surface of the skin, cure carbuncles, boils, swelling.

9. almond powder with sesame oil paint, heat treatment boil.

10. purple cane coal deposit of the skin, powder, paint the affected area or sesame oil dressing, boil carbuncle treatment, stomatitis , eczema.

11. raw taro add a little salt, smashed drunk wrap the affected area twice a day replacement, bones can cure pain, swelling of unknown drugs, pediatric head hot boil, finger boil.

12. raw loofah (or leaf), smashed juice, coated surface of the skin, soak sore treatment days, yellow water sores, heat boils, urticaria .

13. mung bean sugar kelp: seaweed 60 grams, shredded, green beans, 150 grams, with the soup, add brown sugar to taste food. There Sedative, diuretic, soft-kin, Phlegm, scattered gall tumor effect. For hypertension, beriberi edema, neck lymphadenopathy, simple goiter, prickly heat boils hot summer day in children poison, phlegm cough embolism.

14. yi melon soup: melon (not peeled) 500-600 g, yi 50-100 grams of soup. Can be flavored with sugar or salt, on behalf of the tea used, heat, hot weather, diuretic, dehumidification effect. Drugs for rush boils, eczema athlete's foot, yellow urine deficient.

15. Daozhi raw turnip, vinegar and rub the affected area transfer, heat treatment boil.

16. green beans 30 grams of powder, each 10 grams, water delivery service, boils cure breast swelling and pain.

17. failure to adopt the open rose 3 - 5 朵 wash, add water, two pregnant, suffering from a cup of low heat, ice sugar 30 grams, made of rose soup, until the temperature dose, to cure blood stasis amenorrhea, boils Chung pain, traumatic swelling and pain.

18. boils and pus ulceration of the skin sore or eczema, rinse with water, tea, allow the wound clean and promote healing.

19. a white sweet potato, peeled and chopped, smashed, can also be added with the same amount of fresh houttuynia smashed, spreads in the affected area, apply to the local heating that line replace (about two three hours long), and even apply a few days more, boils cure mastitis.

20. soybeans amount, turn on the water immersed soft, add a little alum were smashed drunk, external surface of the skin, swollen boils boil treatment.

21. adzuki beans with water until soft, mash with water or vinegar, or honey or egg amount, into a paste, external surface of the skin, cure mumps, hot boil.

22. kapok 30 - 50 grams of sugar amount, fry a bowl with water and drink two bowls and a half. Favorable moisture, heat effect. For enteritis, urethritis, eczema, summer boil embolism.

23. fresh buckwheat leaves 60 grams, Shuijianbi day one; or fried yellow noodles with the vinegar into a paste, applied to the lesion, sooner or later be replaced. Governance sore, swollen boils, erysipelas, mastitis, and swelling of unknown drugs.

appropriate patients to eat what?

1, edible grapes plus zinc salt or zinc, other foods such as soy, sunflower seeds, wheat bran, yeast, brown sugar and so on.

2, Yi Shi taste light, the cold food, such as Malan head, purslane, melon, red and white radish, bitter gourd, sponge gourd, mung bean, red bean, lily, chrysanthemum brain and celery.

patients unfit to eat what?

not eat ginger, pepper and other spicy foods , as well as mustard, yellow croaker, shrimp, crab, chicken head, goose, zhu tourou so fat objects.

should avoid fried foods and meat, edible oil cans.

data only refer to the specific, please ask a doctor.

[Prevent]

how to prevent boils?

boil is born of acute suppurative superficial skin disorders, widely available health, children, young people more common. "Surgical management case" that: "boil persons, birth processes, floating red rootless feet, swollen found in the skin, only the width of an inch, there is less pain, a few days later Microsoft, thin peel, the beginning of the blue water, the latter from breaking the pus out of. "The disease occurs in the summer and autumn, protruding roots shallow, swelling potential limitations, lift the red pain, mostly in the range of about 3cm, easily swollen, easy to collapse, Yi Lian. Early can be divided into a head, without the first two kinds of general light and easy to cure the symptoms, so the saying goes, "no boil the size of a pus like." ;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; But also due to the formation of improper treatment or care "mole cricket boils," or repeated seizures, lack of disunion. Multiple furunculosis ", is difficult to cure.

[Treat]

boil precautions before treatment?

attention to the skin clean, timely replacement of underwear and avoid skin injuries, especially in the summer, to bathe, wash your hair, hair, changing clothes, nails, children in particular should pay attention. With honeysuckle and wild chrysanthemum Jiantang tea. boil the surrounding skin should be kept clean and coated with 70% alcohol to prevent infection spread to nearby hair follicles.

boil Chinese medicine treatment methods

total boil caused by the toxic heat treatment to detoxify the basic principles.

A Differential Treatment:

1. Heat toxin accumulation card: lesion processes, such as cone, burning pain, or fever, thirst, tongue pink, yellow fur, rapid pulse. Detoxification. Flavors disinfection decoction.

2. shushi heat Melancholia: seen in summer and autumn, the affected area, such as agglomeration cone, single or multiple, burning pain, chest tightness, anorexia, deficient urination, red tongue, greasy or yellowish, veins slippery. Qingshu dampness, detoxification swelling. Qingshu Decoction.

3. Is virtual evil love cards: distributed in the body, local color dark red, pus scarce, one after another, delayed healing, with fever, irritability, thirst, or fatigue, limb soft, red tongue thin yellow, rapid pulse. Righting detoxification. Liu wei di huang Decoction.

Second, external treatment and other treatment:

1. The beginning of detoxification should be swelling, moderate to henbane, water reconcile, wrap the affected area. Or wishful golden powder for external application. Or green cream Waicha.

2. Pus, the clip bolt out the pus.

3. Unhealed after the collapse, sores can be a little ninety-one dan to drugs or drug line twist into sores, topical berberine gauze.

4. Oral Meihuadianshe Dan, Niuhuangjiedu, Fang feng Tong Sheng Wan, liushen other medicine.

5. unilateral prescription: silver flower 30g, licorice 10g, decoction, on behalf of the tea.

Western boil treatment

1. Local treatment, such as heat, physical therapy, 10% ichthyol coated ointment. facial boil should rest in bed should not squeeze or prick Boil, so as not to spread to the brain.

2. Swelling or have a large range of obvious symptoms, should give systemic antibiotics (third-generation cephalosporin antibiotics).

3. The formation of abscess, incision and drainage should be timely but should be avoided boil the face cut.

(a) treatment

1. The principles of early treatment to promote inflammation subsided, after early drain purulent pus; timely elimination of systemic adverse reactions.

2. Local treatment

(1) Physical therapy: early, ultraviolet micro-irradiation, can promote local anti-inflammatory, to prevent proliferation. Swelling stage, the selection of FM, infrared and other heat, promote boil liquid. 2 to 3 times / d, 20 ~ 30min / times.

(2) Drug eraser: 0.5% povidone-iodine scrub, the drug not only for skin irritation, and the role of long-lasting, no pigmentation. Can also be used erythromycin, tetracycline ointment.

(3) topical cream: local swelling and a small pustules, use ichthyol, wishful golden powder, Gyokuro powder and so on.

(4) incision and drainage: boil into pus, nodules soften, a sense of volatility, you can make a small incision drainage or fire needle drainage. Taboo squeeze purulent lesions.

(5) to keep local clean and dry: adhere to local skin cleaning, daily showers are the best conditions. Young children with skin, topical lip after taking a bath in summer, to avoid the formation of multiple Boil.

3. Systemic treatment usually does not require systemic treatment of boils. But facial boils or accompanied by chills, fever, headache, general malaise, etc., should be given antibiotics. Clinical observations and experimental results show that the efficacy of penicillin, cephalothin, cefazolin and amikacin better effect.

(B) the prognosis

generally good prognosis after active treatment, without sequelae.

[Examine]

boil should be how?

1. peripheral blood

(1) white blood cell count: fever, elevated WBC count may have.

(2) white blood cell count: white blood cell count was elevated often accompanied by increased neutrophils .

2. diabetes check

(1) fasting plasma glucose measurement: two fasting blood glucose were increased, should consider the possibility of diabetes.

(2) glycated serum protein: This clinical trial is not the impact of fluctuations in blood glucose higher than normal to help the diagnosis of diabetes.

(3) glycosylated hemoglobin: glycosylated hemoglobin and blood glucose were positively correlated, and the irreversible reaction. diabetes is often higher than the normal 2 to 3 times.

3. bacteriologic

(1) bacterial culture: the multiple, repeated infections, abscesses can be extracted directly pus for bacterial culture, positive results will help the diagnosis of pathogens.

(2) drug susceptibility testing: bacterial culture in the pus, while line drug susceptibility testing can provide the scientific basis of clinical drug treatment.

[Diff]

boil diseases easily confused?

1. Multiple sweat gland abscesses are summer disease, more common in infants and young children and frail mother's head, forehead, etc .. Lesions of multiple subcutaneous abscesses. Surface tenderness, inflammation lighter. No pus bolt, left scars. Usually accompanied by a lot of prickly heat. Generally known as prickly heat poison. It was also known as pseudo furunculosis (Pseudofurunculosis).

2. hidradenitis suppurativa common in young women, lesions of the skin induration. Subcutaneous abscess formation, followed by skin redness, swelling, heat, pain, ulceration scarring. Lesions occur in the armpits, groin, genital and perianal, umbilical, etc.

3. acne acne mild infection, red, swollen, painful, but the disease is small, the top a little bit like creamy.

4. sebaceous cysts sebaceous cyst infection are redness, swelling, pain, but the previous round has been painless mass over an extended period , the epidermis as usual.

5. carbuncle carbuncle with redness, swelling, pain, but there are several hair follicle infection, lesions larger than the boil.

[Disease]

hump-related diseases

juvenile osteochondrosis of vertebral osteoporosis youth sexual hump sore scoliosis ankylosing spondylitis vitamin d deficiency disease

more back symptoms

small blisters appear back back pain back spasms, back pain does not have subtle linen spine back pain sinus pain Road with sensory ataxia spinal nerve root damage spinal cord hemisection syndrome, spinal cord lesions of hemorrhagic infiltration of the spinal cord injury spinal cord infarction, cauda equina involvement across the spinal cord within the spinal cord gliosis in the spinal cord anterior horn of the spinal cord lesion cavity formed spinal thalamic tract compression

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