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Ginseng fruit



   

[Intro]

Commonly referred to as the ginseng fruit is native to the fruits of China's Wuwei region, rich in protein, vitamins and mineral elements, beneficial health effects. China's four famous "Journey to the West" in reference to this fruit and joined the mythical.


basic information

ginseng fruit
species name
: ginseng fruit < b> Solanum muricatum
also known as : melons eggplant , can also be called the fruit cents eclectic pear brilliant fruit.

historical records

"Journey to the West" The twenty-fourth record: five in the Longevity hill Zhuang concept. Trees spiritual roots, the name calling grass Dan, also known as ginseng fruit. The tree a flowering three thousand, three thousand results. Repeatedly Millennium was able to mature. Who is destined, the smell can live 300-60-year-old. Eat a live forty-seven thousand millennium.
Do you know me? Not only true ginseng fruit on Earth. And varied: trees, branches knot vine hung, also born in the earth: planted many years to bear fruit, there was planted then can the results. Can not be called a splendid sight, but at least it can be regarded as


varied, colorful. Can honestly tell you that in all kinds of ginseng fruit. Indeed there is no smell will be able to live 360 ​​years, not to a people when "Long live the Lord. However. Fact, there are many types of ginseng fruit, has the effect of physical fitness, prevent disease, prolong life.
Mr. Wu Chengen the imagination, the achievements of the beautiful treasures of "Journey to the West" this history of Chinese literature, Apart of extraordinary imagination, however, Mr. Wu Chengen is Xuanzang westbound this true historical research thoroughly, to create a square into a "Journey to the West" book. according to the test mentioned in the book of Longevity hill today, Ladder Hill, ladder Grottoes, one of the early grotto founded in 16 northern cold, after the cut-generation, large-scale, the majestic building, scholars as Chinese grotto originator. As a Buddhist resort, Xuanzang westbound will be here bowed to worship. according to Buddhist Records recorded: Jingyunqiao years, Xuan Zang westbound to the ladder mountain worship eat ginseng fruit thing. This period of history has fully demonstrated that the ginseng fruit is the Wuwei former students specialty. Many of today's information widely cultivated ginseng fruit is fruit of the eighties of last century, the introduction of the origin of the Andes of South America the northern foot of a plant, formerly known as "Jiagua, this argument is not at all. Clearly illustrate Buddhist Records "Historical records show that as early as before the Tang Dynasty, Ladder Hill, there ginseng fruit, ginseng fruit is native specialty in Wuwei, only because of the the zhang remoteness has long been affected by natural, transportation and other conditions occlusion constraints, zhang Yi mountain people information, ideas, conservative and backward, ginseng fruit just as the things of their own consumption, and extensive outreach marketing and sales, so the ladder mountain ginseng fruit in a very long historical period, people are not very well-known, historical data to show that the ladder mountain ginseng fruit is completely native specialty of Wuwei, not introduced species. Are the main cultivation area of ​​Minqin County.

family and genus classification

solanaceae Solanaceae Solanum Solanum
ginseng fruit fruit shapes like a heart-shaped and oval-shaped, mature skin was golden yellow, some with purple stripes, elegant fragrance of flesh fresh and juicy, unique flavor. It has high protein, low sugar, low fat, is also rich in vitamin C, and a variety of body essential trace elements, especially selenium, calcium content significantly higher than other fruits and vegetables. ginseng fruit has anti-cancer, anti-aging, lowering blood pressure, blood sugar, anti-inflammatory, calcium supplements, beauty and function; can be processed into juices, beverages, oral liquid, canned products, great value for development.
China extensively implementation of plant origin in the Andes of South America the northern foot of a plant fruit, formerly known as "Jiagua now parts of China known as" ginseng fruit.
ginseng fruit in China, once known as eclectic eggplant, eggplant cantaloupe, the eclectic mango, gold ginseng fruit, longevity fruit, purple fragrant eggplant, sweet tomato, cantaloupe pears, eclectic pears and so on. Although its many aliases. But should be regarded as a thing. This may be caused due to China first introduced, local name different. plant taxonomy, the should be called Jiagua, cantaloupe eggplant or eclectic eggplant is more precise. However, because there the role of nutrition and health and illnesses and longevity, it is also known as ginseng fruit. Since this auspicious name of the ginseng fruit "is enabled, in the community had a great response. Stimulate people's sense of curiosity, this may be the reason mentioned in the "Journey to the West" eat ginseng fruit immortal linked. This ginseng fruit is, solanaceous vegetables, fruits and ornamental type herb. For many years a small shrub in tropical and subtropical regions. In China and Japan as the annual cultivation. Juicy berry fruit, the flesh is light yellow, oval-shaped, oval, heart-shaped, the gyro-shaped, mature fruit was cream-colored or beige. The purple streak.



nutritional value "Jiagua a ginseng fruit" edible rate of more than 95%, with a low-sugar, high protein and rich in various vitamins, amino acids and trace element characteristics. according to laboratory analysis, per 100 g of mature fruit, containing 1.9 grams of protein, cucumber, tomato, nine times the pear Jinshuai Apple; 3.1 grams of total sugar, cucumber, tomato similar, but much lower than Apple pear and gold handsome; crude fat 0.2 g, with cucumber, tomato equal; Vitamin C130 mg. pear and Apple's 32 times 14 times that of cucumber, tomato, 6.8 times; vitamin B10.25 mg, tomato, cucumber, apple five times; vitamin B20.27 mg. Cucumber, tomato, pear, nine times; carotene 0.9 mg, 2 times that of tomatoes, cucumbers, 10 times; total amino acid 1818 mg, 253 mg of essential amino acids, are far more cucumbers, tomatoes, pears and apples high; particularly The trace element selenium as high as 15 micrograms. Cucumber, tomatoes, pears, apples 8.8,22,12,11 l The times respectively. There are 3.44 mg of molybdenum, magnesium 11.2 mg, 6.59 mg of iron, zinc, 1.14 mg, 0.39 mg of manganese. cobalt 0.332 mg. Can be clearly seen from the above laboratory analysis, the "Jiagua ginseng fruit" nutrient is indeed higher, but also more comprehensive. Food to supplement the needs of the human body has a high nutritional value.
high protein is "Jiagua a ginseng fruit," one of the main features. Proteins are the body's main "building blocks", the basis of the life the continuity of the material. Proteins are composed of amino acids, while the "Jiagua ginseng fruit" contained in the proportion of various amino acids and amino acids the body needs consistent, food is easy to be absorbed by the body use can not only maintain the health of adults, and children's growth and anti-aging of the elderly. Have better health effects.
rich in vitamins is "Jiagua a ginseng fruit" of another characteristic. Particularly rich in vitamin C, B1, B2, and carotene content. Vitamins are essential nutrients, such as the lack of intake tend to cause pathological changes of the body. Even life-threatening. The role of the vitamin to prevent cancer. Has aroused the concern of medical experts, and put forward the argument of vitamin c can prevent tumor. Determination of vitamin c intake, esophageal high incidence of only 1/3 of the low-incidence areas. Vit C can soften blood vessels, stimulate the hematopoietic function, enhance the body resistance to infection, for the prevention of scurvy, a variety of acute infectious diseases, liver and gallbladder diseases and allergic diseases, have a good effect.
rich in essential trace elements is "Jiagua a ginseng fruit" of the other features. trace elements constitute the body tissues and the elements necessary to maintain physiological functions. "Jiagua ginseng fruit is rich in selenium, molybdenum, cobalt, iron, zinc and essential trace elements. Its selenium element content of the high, rare exception in the Chinese vegetable and fruit varieties. selenium is a strong oxidizer. To maintain the body's normal physiological function. To activate human cells, protect the cardiovascular and other organs; selenium can also stimulate the immunoglobulin and antibody production, enhance the body's immunity against the disease. In 1973. World health organization announced: the occurrence of selenium and cancer are closely related. In 1986. The experts of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences in the high incidence area of ​​Qidong City, Jiangsu Province, three nutritional selenium research service selenium group, the incidence of liver cancer than the control group on average 49% lower after eight years of observation. selenium points of organic selenium and inorganic selenium. Overdose of inorganic selenium will produce adverse reactions, organic selenium is almost no antagonism with other drugs. Of serving the most safe and effective. "Jiagua a ginseng fruit." selenium contained in garlic, sesame, asparagus, mushrooms, etc., are organic selenium. In a separate report, selenium can lower blood pressure. There are secondary effects of diabetes.

medicinal value Source: angle plate of dicotyledonous herbal orchid plant orchid (ginseng fruit) with root grass.
Efficacy: cardiac kidney, thirst, spleen and stomach, Tiaojinghuoxue.
Indications: treatment of neurasthenia, insomnia, dizziness, irritability, thirst, not eating.
Tropism of taste: sweet, warm. Rupi, stomach two by
Dosage: Oral: decoction, 3 to 4 money, or soak rice wine to drink.
resource distribution: distribution northeast and Gansu, Shaanxi, Hebei and other places.
harvesting and storage of medicines: the fall of dredging, seasoned with.
research: from the Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine Zhi ".
ginseng fruit is known as the "king of cancer" because it is rich in trace elements, these trace elements such as: selenium, iron, calcium, zinc and other elements on the activation of human cells, immune system, maintain the normal function of immune cells, to promote the absorption of vitamins and nutrition, use of, inhibit cancer cell fission, plays an important decisive role.

consumption method

science consumption of ginseng fruit deep processing method a lot, are outlined as follows: (1) ginseng Fruit pork slices: ginseng fruit 250 grams, 100 grams of pork , salt, monosodium glutamate, vegetable oil, cooking wine, green onion, ginger, soy sauce, the right amount. First ginseng fruit stalks, washed, sliced, and then washed pork, thinly sliced; Heat the pan of meat stir fried, added seventy-eight mature ginseng fruit pieces and seasoning, then fry a plate that can. ② as fruit fresh. Eating raw fruit of the ginseng. Must be fully mature, have a elegant clear aroma, light yellow flesh, juicy and refreshing, unique flavor. (3) cold ginseng fruit: fully mature ginseng fruit slices into the dish. Join the amount of salt pickled moment, tossed away the oozing of water, then add the right amount of garlic, monosodium glutamate, vinegar and sesame oil, mix food. (4) steamed ginseng fruit: about to wash ginseng fruit. Longitudinal to 2/3. Connected with the pulp, fruit pulp to be dredged, and then the meat to fill the people which part of the peel. Into the cage steamed to remove until the temperature, with a clean sharp knife, cut each into film. And then eat. In addition, as vegetables, can also be fried, braised, stewed, etc.; deep processing can also be made of ginseng fruit juice, canned, preserved fruit, ice cream, cheese, jam, wine, preserves, etc.. food taboos

currently. "Jiagua ginseng fruit on there are still some different views, foremost among which is its low sugar content. The taste is not very good. A result, some domestic scientific research units "Jiagua ginseng fruit breeding, to breed new varieties with high sugar content. Its sugar content is 6% -9%. The taste is sweet, good taste. In this regard, some people think. High and low sugar content. Should not become the standard of the quality of the merits. Sweet ginseng fruit and good taste. Natural therefore favored by the people: the goods on the shelves of many sugar-free food, not quite selling it? Moreover, many people (such as diabetes, etc.) should not eat sweet ginseng fruit. Should eat sugar ginseng fruit.

cultivation techniques ginseng fruit originating in New Zealand, reference greenhouses four seasons will be available for, the Daejeon large-scale cultivation is from March to August, three months after the species began to received fruit, fruit weight about 250 g, 500 g of the largest fruit, tender fruit green, ripe, golden yellow and purple pattern, fresh sweet and delicious to cook crispy. ginseng fruit "high calcium and vitamin C, molybdenum, cobalt, selenium and other dozen of the human body needs trace elements, and can prevent high blood pressure, obesity, coronary heart disease, cancer. The medical profession of ginseng fruit has been called "the fire of life," the king of cancer. sunny soil more fertile sandy water for irrigation and drainage convenient block mountain mountain ridge Tian bacteria less cultivation is also very good general should be chosen in choice of

cultivation

.

the whole plot and planting specifications

single line Qikuan 60 cm, double 100 cm plant spacing of 40 cm, open hole dug fine acres of species around 1500, the base manure before the cavity sprinkle some disease prevention insecticide.

fertilization methods

First, the cavity was applied to pig and chicken composting manure or fermented vegetable cake fertilizer and soil mix as base fertilizer; species after the day should be applied to human waste, or pig urine fertilizer to promote their early long fast . After the first 7 days topdressing human waste fertilizer, and by adding ammonium bicarbonate and 150 g in each urinary barrel; fruition after Mushi into 50 pounds of fertilizer each time, once a month to facilitate strong rod and flowers and fruits. the

seed breeding methods

plan nursery plots or wooden box mix the right amount of basal fertilizer, the entire fine irrigated fertilizer, then a small seed of a one clamp is broadcast on the soil particles from the 7-10 cm, covered with wet sand, after Qimian dry application sprayers wet the 7-15 days to prevent impulse seed Qimiao; pests trichlorfon or fenvalerate pest control, shoot length to 10 cm transplanting.

plastic trim

ginseng fruit branches germination strong per plant to stay between 10-20 cm 3-4 branches results branches, the remaining branches cut off all nursery broadcast insert or for livestock and poultry feed; fruition only leave 1-2 fruits per bunch of flowers fruit and such fruit of good quality, high selling price.

scaffolding protect fruit fruiting after branches to bear not fruit weight, must be 60-100 cm long bamboo bar cuttings and fruit fastened to prevent snags, rotten fruit losses. to stay

and breeding

high temperature of the fruit of the seed, the optimum temperature resulting in a small amount of seed, seed weight of about one gram, low germination rate, only a small broadcast re-tube seedlings. If cutting propagation, should choose disease-free robust branches to cut and then, each 10-12 cm long, 3-5 cm into the soil, after inserting strengthen fertilizer management and pest control, usually 25 days after transplanting or sale. cultivation points ginseng fruit suitable for the South Asian tropical regions of ota planting or subtropical using the cultivation. The optimum temperature for growth of ginseng fruit is 25 ℃, can endure a 3 ~ 5 ℃ low temperature, below 0 ° C would freeze to death. Bear fruit in the 15 ~ 30 ℃, continuous results for a long time, high fruit, 2000 to 3000 kg per mu. The city in recent years the introduction of the cultivation, success. Its cultivation are the main points:
soil preparation, fertilization and planting
choose irrigation, air and light, loose soil, fertile neutral soil planting. The fruit of ginseng is a perennial herb, should be enough base fertilizer, Mushi manure from 4000 to 5000 kg of N, P, K npk fertilizer 50 ~ 70 kg, 20 to 30 cm spacing of 40 to 70 cm, roots, and then leveling the land, the whole into a 70 cm wide strip plot, Qimian 10 cm above the ground. Selection of about 15 cm high, branches stout branches, lush leaves, strong seedling colonization of pests and diseases, a triangle of 50 cm × 50 cm planting generally tonight planting is appropriate, acres of planting from 2000 to 3000. Poured enough to be the root of water after planting.
fertilizer and water management
enough base fertilizer, top dressing should be twice: once when the young fruit tree growth to about 30 cm; another in the flowering of the young fruit tree close to the per acre N, P, K fertilizer, 3 kg , from 10 cm outside the main root of the seedlings watered. Flowering and fruiting period should be appropriate to increase facilities and boron and other trace elements or feng 2. A small amount of ground N, P, K fertilizer, and pay attention to the cultivation, weed, generally 10 days applied a fertilizer after flowering applied potassium fertilization. 3 to 6 months, 9 November ginseng fruit growth and development and flowering period results have to be water, water.
pruninggermination strong
ginseng fruit, should be timely pruning pruning, the plants 15 to 20 cm above, choose to stay three to five strong, evenly distributed branches as the main branch, all the rest cut off . Each lateral branches to stay two to three inflorescence, stay two to three fruits per inflorescence, and the rest of the inflorescence, small fruit all Thinning. Per plant up to 30 after fruit. The stems of ginseng fruit is softer to start the results should be interpreted with the scaffolding of bamboo poles or plastic rope, to prevent lodging.
pest control
ginseng fruit diseases phytophthora and Botrytis cinerea, per acre 400 to 800 times in 110 to 150 g watered available chlorothalonil, gray mold net 600 to 800 times more than bacteria spirit, thiophanate-methyl 1000 times; major pests are aphids and spider mite can be used 1500 times the trichloro insecticide mites alcohol 1500 times pyridazinone off sweep lee used interchangeably. It should be noted that ginseng fruit omethoate or dichlorvos sensitive and should be prohibited.
timely harvest
When the fruit the appearance of a clear purple color stripes or no stripes but the appearance of fruit epidermis bright, smooth and when to harvest, For storage can be seven or eight mature when harvested and stored at room temperature of 40 to 60 days, the fruit can be New Year's Day around the spring Festival of fruits and vegetables off-season listing.

cultivation management contraindications

avoid temperature is too high and too low temperatures higher than 38 ℃ or 8 ℃ lower than the ginseng fruit can not be normal growth; below 0 ℃ when the whole plant were frozen to death.
2, avoid heavy clay plots cultivated ginseng fruit in Xiaolaowa fear of floods. During the rainy season, especially the excessive rainfall year, easily rot, severe whole plant death.
3, and avoid pesticide use improper ginseng fruit is extremely sensitive to dimethoate pesticides should not be used to control aphids and mites, otherwise result in dead lines or never produced.
4, avoid the timely removal of axillary buds ginseng fruit lateral buds vulnerable to germination. This not only affects growth but also cause physiological Petals affect fruit set. So in addition to the election of Branch, and the remaining lateral bud should be promptly removed.
5, avoid the humidity is too large the humidity is too easy to cause blight, so pay attention to the greenhouse ventilation to reduce humidity; rainy year to pay attention to timely spraying of the new lipid membrane, such as carbendazim, chlorothalonil to control.

nursery technology

ginseng fruit Propagation of two kinds: First, seed multiplication, namely, sexual reproduction; cutting propagation, ie, asexual reproduction. Seed Propagation
1, soil preparation before fertilization: sowing, land consolidation, Zuoqi, enough base fertilizer and disinfected, keep the soil moist, in Qimian Sprinkle a layer of sand.
2, seed selection: requirement of good color, size, symmetry, full grain, dry and free of mildew.
3, seed treatment: soaking with warm water, medicines, seed dressing, etc. in order to achieve as early as emergence, emergence of Qi, the seedlings strong purpose. Seed soaking the seeds, wrapped in a gauze bag, providing the right temperature, moisture and air to germination.
4, sowing methods: sowing, drilling, and on-demand. Due to the small seed of ginseng fruit, often sowing method. Planting to be uniform, the general kind of away from the 5 × 7 or 7 × 7 (cm). 5, after sowing, the management of: a layer of sand in the Qimian Zaisa seed cover, if the temperature is below 12 ℃, should mulch to keep soil temperature and soil moisture. If the nursery plot is dry, spray of fine water, in order to facilitate germination, do not use flood sprinkler. After seedling emergence, the need to expose addition to the film. To avoid sun exposure, you can put up a shade net. Breeding period, usually every 10 days or so, spray with low concentrations of nitrogen, and to strengthen field management, pest control, ensure the robust growth of seedlings.
cutting propagation nursery
cuttings Propagation is commonly used in a simple way of ginseng fruit. box ginseng fruit stems, cut into cuttings (cuttings), inserted in the soil and let it take root in the appropriate environmental conditions, independent long into robust plants.
1, cutting the stems choice: should choose a good genetic traits, high-yield strains of fresh stems, no diseases, no defect, Lisheng new roots grow new shoots. Cutting the length of 10-14 cm is appropriate. Cuttings, in a timely manner after the cut inserted in the soil, otherwise it should be placed in the shade or cover with a damp cloth to prevent dehydration.
2, the choice of cutting time: ginseng fruit throughout the year can be cutting, but the survival rate of the spring and autumn inserted. cuttings of the day, should be 16:00, in order to improve the survival rate. cuttings suitable temperature in the range of 15-30 ℃.
3, cutting methods: cutting, in order to improve the survival rate can be used growth hormone soak the cuttings. Cutting when the cutting-line in the soil, and then pressed casing, cuttings exposed to the ground about 4-6 centimeters, about 10-15 cm row spacing, plant spacing of about 6 cm. After cutting, timely watering, the amount of water depending on the particular circumstances at the discretion of.
4, after cutting management: when the cuttings in late spring to summer, to prevent sun exposure, should be held in the shade and spray a fine water until the recruits and to grow new roots after removal of the shade tools. Such as cuttings in winter or low temperatures, in order to prevent frost damage should be in sunlight greenhouse or plastic shed and small shed, corrugated plastic film and straw mat. Recruits and take root after topdressing decomposition of human waste water, and to promote new health and root new shoots. Appropriate external environment, about 20-30 days after cutting can be carried out planting or seed separation transplantation.

pest control

coal pollution prevention and treatment of disease
First, the damage symptoms: disease scientific name: Cladosporium sp. newborn colonies of gray and black to the carbon black mold pollution Greenhouse cultivation of ginseng fruit, leaves, distribution foliage local or near the veins, severe covered with foliage, usually born in the foliage, the leaves yellow off serious .
Second, the pathogen morphological characteristics: Cladosporium conidiophore erect, olive brown, spores oval, single cell, a small twin. Alternaria Conidiophores clustered, dark brown. Conidia down the bar, the size of 9.5 - 40 × 5-11.25 (microns), the vertical and horizontal diaphragm, short beak.
three characteristics of the disease: pathogenic genus of imperfect fungi fungi, coal sewage fungus mycelium and conidia on the diseased leaves or in soil and plant residues over the period of dormancy the following spring to produce meristematic the spread of the spread of spores by wind and rain and aphids, spider mites, whiteflies and other, shaded humidity greenhouse room and the rainy season is vulnerable to disease. whitefly incidence for a long time heavy.
four control methodsstrengthen the Greenhouse ventilation
(1) appropriate cooling Paishi, to prevent moisture retention, production, watering the right amount to avoid watering too often excessive, long duration of high temperature and humidity to prevent disease is an important basis for measures.
(2) rampant infestation of whitefly, timely spraying of 25% buprofezin (buprofezin) wp 1000 times, to prevent whitefly oviposition and hatching. divisible by sc 1000 times spraying 10% of the rampant spider mites, aphids occurred a long time, spraying the mites dead net prevention and control spider mites rid of aphids can also be sprayed flowers and 100-150 times, in order to reduce the occurrence of coal pollution disease. Generally should not use dimethoate, to avoid injury.
(3) coal pollution disease early spraying 50% methyl thiophanate sulfur sc 800 times or 65% A mold spirit powder 1000 times, 50% benomyl wet sex powder 1000 times fluid, prevention of 1 or 2 times every 7 to 10 days.
five commonly used pharmaceutical: benomyl, A mold spirit. of black spot disease prevention

First, the damage symptoms: major damage leaves. Early in the students a small black spots on the leaves, expanded into a nearly circular to irregular shaped, National Cheng Kung spot lesions and more often fusion, causing the leaves dry or dead.
Second, the pathogen morphological characteristics: said one Alternaria, is imperfect fungi fungi. Mycelial filaments, membrane. Conidiophores out, since the pores fascicularis, each beam of l-root, stem cylindrical or short rod-shaped, dark brown, with a diaphragm 1-4, size, 30.6-104 × 4.3-9.19 (micron), straight or straight stem top CONIDIA. Conidia long oval and down the bar, light yellow, the spore size of 85.6-146.5 × 11.7-22 (microns), 1-9 mediastinum, diaphragm 7-13 months, the top long than long beak, colorless, with a majority of 1-3 the diaphragm, the size of 6.3-74 × 3-7.4 (microns). bacteria development optimum temperature limit of 1-45 ℃ ,26-28 ℃. Conidia germination by 1-2 hours in water at 6-24 ℃, germination time of just 35 to 45 minutes in water at 28-30 ℃. Each spore can produce germ tubes 5-10 root.
three characteristics of the disease: winter, mycelium or conidia in the plant, the sick deformed and seeds from the direct invasion of stomata, lenticels, or epidermis, the formation of primary infection by 2-3 emerged in the days after the latent lesions ,3-4 days to produce conidia, through the air, rainwater repeated infection. case of the last 5 days the average temperature around 21 ℃, relative humidity greater than 70% of long duration, the disease began and popular. Therefore, the annual rainy season, sooner or later, the rain, how much the size and distribution of rainfall, the impact of changes in relative humidity and the condition of the extension. In addition, the genus of facultative saprophytes, mismanagement or Daejeon replanting ginseng fruit, often due to the incidence of basal inadequate.
four control methods
(1) protected ginseng fruit paid attention to the ecological control. The temperature difference between day and night in early spring during the day and 20-25 ℃, the night 12-15 ° C, relative humidity up to 80%, condensation, and conducive to disease occurrence and spread. Should focus on to adjust the temperature and humidity of the good Greenhouse slow down the disease occurred spread.
(2) The dust in the early stages, spraying 5% chlorothalonil powder per 667 square meters of 1kg separated nine days times, 3-4 times continuous prevention.
(3) application of 45% chlorothalonil smoke suppressant or 10% procymidone Smoke, per acre times 200 - 250g.
(4) formula fertilization requirements, full Shizujifei the timely top-dressing to improve the host resistance to disease.
(5) grams can start spraying before the onset of 50% iprodione wp 600 times due to wp 1000 times or 75% the Da Kening (chlorothalonil), 80% spray The wet powder 600 times fluid, 70% wp mancozeb 500 times.
V. Effects Pharmacy: spray g bacteria Amistar Kresoxim ester and so on. juema also known as ginseng fruit, mention of ginseng fruit, people would immediately think of the story to the novel "Journey to the West," where the Monkey King to eat ginseng fruit. In fact, the world really ginseng fruit, but not the kind to eat ginseng fruit of longevity, it rose science and Technology Commission, Potentilla genus. Perennial herb. plant whole plant was coarse mesh tiled on the ground. It grow to be a number of purple stem in spring germination, summer trail across the ground toward the Quartet rooting section, like a spider web. Its positive leaves dark green, behind, such as feathers, dense white fine cotton wool, just like goose down, so the scientific name is also called goose Potentilla acaulis. root slender, middle or end of the swelling was fusiform or spherical. spring and autumn, the excavation of the tuber. stem length Portuguese runners, section of adventitious root and form new plants. Pinnate, the back of the dense gray hair. flowers solitary, yellow, achenes. Fruiting from May to September. Wide Bu Ningxia, Qinghai around, Ningxia, Qinghai alpine region tuber hypertrophy, high yield, good quality. Born altitude of 1700-4300 meters meadow, near the floodplain. strong in the wet cold area, often forming a large area communities. Air-dried for 77 percent of the tuber moisture content, ash content 3.09%, 2.97% reducing sugar, sucrose, 1.20%, 3.30% starch, pentosans 8.34%, 6.19% protein, tannin and 10.76%, 15.42% crude fiber, Potentilla chinensis glycoside 0.12% fat, about 2%. juema Department plateau Rosaceae wild plants containing vitamins and magnesium, zinc, potassium, and calcium. With higher medical and nutritional value, it has the stomach and spleen, thirst, the function of qi and blood, called Zhuo old Drifting Therefore, Tibetan, and often its medicine. The whole plant when flowering in June and July can also be used to bleeding convergence phlegm cough Lee, also for nourishing. Potentilla anserina contains a large amount of starch, protein, fat, inorganic salts and vitamins, so long eaten, that ginseng longevity effect was reputation - ginseng fruit.

juema also known as ginseng fruit
edible method:
ginseng fruit washed, soaked in warm water for 60 minutes remove and set aside.
1. ginseng fruit rice: polished rice after washing clean the ginseng fruit ratio of 4:1, placed in the pot cooking (plus water
and cooking time can refer to usually stew with rice way).
2. ginseng fruit porridge: ginseng fruit and milled rice or millet, the ratio of 1:4, adding red dates, raisins, citrus medica
Qi, lotus seeds, longan meat, such as a little together and cook until the 40 minutes (preferably with a pressure cooker to do the right) can eat.
ginseng fruit nutrition Tang: ginseng fruit and chicken, duck, fish, meat by a 1:4 ratio, matched with wolfberry, codonopsis
a little with the soup to 40 minutes can be eaten.


[Cause]

boil is caused by what the?

infection and skin dirty, scratches, high ambient temperature or lower the body resistance to infection-related. boils can occur in any follicles of the skin area, often to the head, face, neck, armpits and buttocks so often by the friction of the parts is more common.

(a) causes

boil the pathogenic bacteria staphylococcus aureus based, Streptococcus, staphylococcus epidermidis, are also caused by the disease. Local and systemic skin's resistance to infection is reduced mainly due to Benbingfasheng, so infants, malnutrition, diabetes is a good risk of this disease. Dirty skin, skin abrasions, high ambient temperatures often lead to local infection such as the direct cause.

(B) the pathogenesis

bacteria invade the hair follicle and their sebaceous glands and sweat glands, in hair follicles and surrounding tissue multiply rapidly, producing toxins, causing local tissue degeneration, necrosis, and the center of the formation of boils, the performance of local congestion, exudation, induration. Aggregation of neutrophils to the damaged body tissue cells and bacteria to be destroyed, and he gradually necrosis and dissolution, the formation of abscesses in the dermis. Due to staphylococcus aureus, coagulase contain toxins, so the formation of pus bolt, protruding outward. Swelling and induration clinically visible in the center of a yellow-white pus plug. This is staphylococcus aureus infected lesion characteristics. ulceration after discharge pus, abscess gradually by the new fibrous tissue repair and healing.

[Sign]

boil the early symptoms?

1. redness, swelling, heat, pain summary, cylindrical cone.

2. inflammation to the development of nodules increases, the pain intensified.

3. A few days later nodules central necrosis, abscess formation, dissolution, soft induration, pain relief, the central pus head most of the self-rupture, discharge pus, inflammation subsided recovery.

4. furuncle usually no obvious symptoms, but if the blood flow occurred in the rich parts of the body resistance weakened, it can cause discomfort, chills, fever, headache and loss of appetite and other symptoms of toxemia.

5. facial boil such as intracranial infection, facial swelling and severe, may be associated with chills, fever, headache, sinus infections and other embolization.

boil because of location, severity of different clinical manifestations may vary.

local swelling and pain sclerosis: no systemic symptoms of early disease and more, only infection redness, swelling, pain, range of not more than 2cm in diameter, small nodules gradually enlarged, as papules bulge. A few days later lesions extended about 3 ~ 5cm, nodules gradually softened, the center was white, a slight touch of the fluctuations; then ulceration pus, and the emergence of yellow-white pus plug. pus bolt off, pus shed, the inflammation subsides and healing. There is no pus boil bolt (the so-called headless boil), since the collapse a bit late, need to find ways to promote its pus discharge (Figure 2 ).

fever, swollen lymph nodes: furuncle serious infection, the local area of ​​the lymph nodes, tenderness, and may be associated with body heat, and sometimes lymph node abscess formation.

nose, upper lip and around (called "dangerous triangle") of the surface boil, add or pushed in touch, the bacteria via the angular vein, ophthalmic vein into the brain, causing intracranial suppurative infection. At this point may have fever, headache, vomiting, consciousness disorders.

early follicular redness, swelling, heat, pain, induration. After the white purulent center, there is volatility. May be associated with systemic fever, elevated white blood cell count and differential count.

[Aftertreat]

boil ate?

therapeutic side:

1. composed of: a single head of garlic, honey, 9 grams. Usage: pound evenly wrap the affected area.

2. consists of: single head of garlic amount. Usage: peel and slice into 2 to 3 mm, with the first affected area with warm salt water when dry wash, and then sticking garlic, and gently massage the 10 to 20 minutes, 2 or 3 times a day, 2 3 There is no more. Indications: Boil, folliculitis. Note: In severe cases, such as local irritation may reduce the massage time, a serious condition should be added to serve anti-inflammatory drugs.

3 . composed of: tea 2 grams of dried honeysuckle 1 gram. Usage: boiling water 6 minutes after each meal drink in a cup. Indications: Boil, exogenous heat.

4. composed of: fresh Malan first 100 grams, the amount of liquor. Usage: Add a little salt before blindly smashed wine Ban Cheng paste, coating the surface of the skin furuncle carbuncle. Indications: furuncle, carbuncle.

5. Composition: rosin 10 grams of white wine. Usage: rosin research to fine tune white wine into a paste, resisting heat, wrap the affected area after dissolution, for the degree of responsibility to cover all of the above and then covered with wax paper and tape securely, to enhance efficacy, can drop a few drops of wine, rosin to keep moist. Indications: furuncle, carbuncle, folliculitis.

6. smashed topical papaya leaves, swollen boil carbuncle treatment drug.

7. fresh peach leaf, plug smashed the lesion, treatment of nasal furuncle.

8. rhizome or fresh banana leaves smashed Jiao Zhi, coating the surface of the skin, cure carbuncles, boils, swelling.

9. almond powder with sesame oil paint, heat treatment boil.

10. purple cane coal deposit of the skin, powder, paint the affected area or sesame oil dressing, boil carbuncle treatment, stomatitis , eczema.

11. raw taro add a little salt, smashed drunk wrap the affected area twice a day replacement, bones can cure pain, swelling of unknown drugs, pediatric head hot boil, finger boil.

12. raw loofah (or leaf), smashed juice, coated surface of the skin, soak sore treatment days, yellow water sores, heat boils, urticaria .

13. mung bean sugar kelp: seaweed 60 grams, shredded, green beans, 150 grams, with the soup, add brown sugar to taste food. There Sedative, diuretic, soft-kin, Phlegm, scattered gall tumor effect. For hypertension, beriberi edema, neck lymphadenopathy, simple goiter, prickly heat boils hot summer day in children poison, phlegm cough embolism.

14. yi melon soup: melon (not peeled) 500-600 g, yi 50-100 grams of soup. Can be flavored with sugar or salt, on behalf of the tea used, heat, hot weather, diuretic, dehumidification effect. Drugs for rush boils, eczema athlete's foot, yellow urine deficient.

15. Daozhi raw turnip, vinegar and rub the affected area transfer, heat treatment boil.

16. green beans 30 grams of powder, each 10 grams, water delivery service, boils cure breast swelling and pain.

17. failure to adopt the open rose 3 - 5 朵 wash, add water, two pregnant, suffering from a cup of low heat, ice sugar 30 grams, made of rose soup, until the temperature dose, to cure blood stasis amenorrhea, boils Chung pain, traumatic swelling and pain.

18. boils and pus ulceration of the skin sore or eczema, rinse with water, tea, allow the wound clean and promote healing.

19. a white sweet potato, peeled and chopped, smashed, can also be added with the same amount of fresh houttuynia smashed, spreads in the affected area, apply to the local heating that line replace (about two three hours long), and even apply a few days more, boils cure mastitis.

20. soybeans amount, turn on the water immersed soft, add a little alum were smashed drunk, external surface of the skin, swollen boils boil treatment.

21. adzuki beans with water until soft, mash with water or vinegar, or honey or egg amount, into a paste, external surface of the skin, cure mumps, hot boil.

22. kapok 30 - 50 grams of sugar amount, fry a bowl with water and drink two bowls and a half. Favorable moisture, heat effect. For enteritis, urethritis, eczema, summer boil embolism.

23. fresh buckwheat leaves 60 grams, Shuijianbi day one; or fried yellow noodles with the vinegar into a paste, applied to the lesion, sooner or later be replaced. Governance sore, swollen boils, erysipelas, mastitis, and swelling of unknown drugs.

appropriate patients to eat what?

1, edible grapes plus zinc salt or zinc, other foods such as soy, sunflower seeds, wheat bran, yeast, brown sugar and so on.

2, Yi Shi taste light, the cold food, such as Malan head, purslane, melon, red and white radish, bitter gourd, sponge gourd, mung bean, red bean, lily, chrysanthemum brain and celery.

patients unfit to eat what?

not eat ginger, pepper and other spicy foods , as well as mustard, yellow croaker, shrimp, crab, chicken head, goose, zhu tourou so fat objects.

should avoid fried foods and meat, edible oil cans.

data only refer to the specific, please ask a doctor.

[Prevent]

how to prevent boils?

boil is born of acute suppurative superficial skin disorders, widely available health, children, young people more common. "Surgical management case" that: "boil persons, birth processes, floating red rootless feet, swollen found in the skin, only the width of an inch, there is less pain, a few days later Microsoft, thin peel, the beginning of the blue water, the latter from breaking the pus out of. "The disease occurs in the summer and autumn, protruding roots shallow, swelling potential limitations, lift the red pain, mostly in the range of about 3cm, easily swollen, easy to collapse, Yi Lian. Early can be divided into a head, without the first two kinds of general light and easy to cure the symptoms, so the saying goes, "no boil the size of a pus like." ;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; But also due to the formation of improper treatment or care "mole cricket boils," or repeated seizures, lack of disunion. Multiple furunculosis ", is difficult to cure.

[Treat]

boil precautions before treatment?

attention to the skin clean, timely replacement of underwear and avoid skin injuries, especially in the summer, to bathe, wash your hair, hair, changing clothes, nails, children in particular should pay attention. With honeysuckle and wild chrysanthemum Jiantang tea. boil the surrounding skin should be kept clean and coated with 70% alcohol to prevent infection spread to nearby hair follicles.

boil Chinese medicine treatment methods

total boil caused by the toxic heat treatment to detoxify the basic principles.

A Differential Treatment:

1. Heat toxin accumulation card: lesion processes, such as cone, burning pain, or fever, thirst, tongue pink, yellow fur, rapid pulse. Detoxification. Flavors disinfection decoction.

2. shushi heat Melancholia: seen in summer and autumn, the affected area, such as agglomeration cone, single or multiple, burning pain, chest tightness, anorexia, deficient urination, red tongue, greasy or yellowish, veins slippery. Qingshu dampness, detoxification swelling. Qingshu Decoction.

3. Is virtual evil love cards: distributed in the body, local color dark red, pus scarce, one after another, delayed healing, with fever, irritability, thirst, or fatigue, limb soft, red tongue thin yellow, rapid pulse. Righting detoxification. Liu wei di huang Decoction.

Second, external treatment and other treatment:

1. The beginning of detoxification should be swelling, moderate to henbane, water reconcile, wrap the affected area. Or wishful golden powder for external application. Or green cream Waicha.

2. Pus, the clip bolt out the pus.

3. Unhealed after the collapse, sores can be a little ninety-one dan to drugs or drug line twist into sores, topical berberine gauze.

4. oral Meihuadianshe Dan, Niuhuangjiedu, Fang feng Tong Sheng Wan, liushen other medicine.

5. unilateral prescription: silver flower 30g, licorice 10g, decoction, on behalf of the tea.

Western boil treatment

1. Local treatment, such as heat, physical therapy, 10% ichthyol coated ointment. facial boil should rest in bed should not squeeze or prick Boil, so as not to spread to the brain.

2. Swelling or have a large range of obvious symptoms, should give systemic antibiotics (third-generation cephalosporin antibiotics).

3. The formation of abscess, incision and drainage should be timely but should be avoided boil the face cut.

(a) treatment

1. The principles of early treatment to promote inflammation subsided, after early drain purulent pus; timely elimination of systemic adverse reactions.

2. Local treatment

(1) Physical therapy: early, ultraviolet micro-irradiation, can promote local anti-inflammatory, to prevent proliferation. Swelling stage, the selection of FM, infrared and other heat, promote boil liquid. 2 to 3 times / d, 20 ~ 30min / times.

(2) Drug eraser: 0.5% povidone-iodine scrub, the drug not only for skin irritation, and the role of long-lasting, no pigmentation. Can also be used erythromycin, tetracycline ointment.

(3) topical cream: local swelling and a small pustules, use ichthyol, wishful golden powder, Gyokuro powder and so on.

(4) incision and drainage: boil into pus, nodules soften, a sense of volatility, you can make a small incision drainage or fire needle drainage. Taboo squeeze purulent lesions.

(5) to keep local clean and dry: adhere to local skin cleaning, daily showers are the best conditions. Young children with skin, topical lip after taking a bath in summer, to avoid the formation of multiple Boil.

3. Systemic treatment usually does not require systemic treatment of boils. But facial boils or accompanied by chills, fever, headache, general malaise, etc., should be given antibiotics. Clinical observations and experimental results show that the efficacy of penicillin, cephalothin, cefazolin and amikacin better effect.

(B) the prognosis

generally good prognosis after active treatment, without sequelae.

[Examine]

boil should be how?

1. peripheral blood

(1) white blood cell count: fever, elevated WBC count may have.

(2) white blood cell count: white blood cell count was elevated often accompanied by increased neutrophils .

2. diabetes check

(1) fasting plasma glucose measurement: two fasting blood glucose were increased, should consider the possibility of diabetes.

(2) glycated serum protein: This clinical trial is not the impact of fluctuations in blood glucose higher than normal to help the diagnosis of diabetes.

(3) glycosylated hemoglobin: glycosylated hemoglobin and blood glucose were positively correlated, and the irreversible reaction. diabetes is often higher than the normal 2 to 3 times.

3. bacteriologic

(1) bacterial culture: the multiple, repeated infections, abscesses can be extracted directly pus for bacterial culture, positive results will help the diagnosis of pathogens.

(2) drug susceptibility testing: bacterial culture in the pus, while line drug susceptibility testing can provide the scientific basis of clinical drug treatment.

[Diff]

boil diseases easily confused?

1. Multiple sweat gland abscesses are summer disease, more common in infants and young children and frail mother's head, forehead, etc .. Lesions of multiple subcutaneous abscesses. Surface tenderness, inflammation lighter. No pus bolt, left scars. Usually accompanied by a lot of prickly heat. Generally known as prickly heat poison. It was also known as pseudo furunculosis (Pseudofurunculosis).

2. hidradenitis suppurativa common in young women, lesions of the skin induration. Subcutaneous abscess formation, followed by skin redness, swelling, heat, pain, ulceration scarring. Lesions occur in the armpits, groin, genital and perianal, umbilical, etc.

3. acne acne mild infection, red, swollen, painful, but the disease is small, the top a little bit like creamy.

4. sebaceous cysts sebaceous cyst infection are redness, swelling, pain, but the previous round has been painless mass over an extended period , the epidermis as usual.

5. carbuncle carbuncle with redness, swelling, pain, but there are several hair follicle infection, lesions larger than the boil.

[Disease]

hump-related diseases

juvenile osteochondrosis of vertebral osteoporosis youth sexual hump sore scoliosis ankylosing spondylitis vitamin d deficiency disease

more back symptoms

small blisters appear back back pain back spasms, back pain does not have subtle linen spine back pain sinus pain Road with sensory ataxia spinal nerve root damage spinal cord hemisection syndrome, spinal cord lesions of hemorrhagic infiltration of the spinal cord injury spinal cord infarction, cauda equina involvement across the spinal cord within the spinal cord gliosis in the spinal cord anterior horn of the spinal cord lesion cavity formed spinal thalamic tract compression


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