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Halo effect

Read in Chinese(Traditional)

   

[Intro]

restless as a kind of performance anxiety. anxiety refers to a lack of clear objective reasons for feeling the pinch or unfounded fear. Bad the situation is expected to soon face a tension, manifested as persistent stress (stress, worry, insecurity) or the onset of panic state (movement of anxiety, increased petty, feel restless, or agitated cry), often accompanied by performance with autonomic dysfunction (dry mouth, chest tightness, palpitations, cold sweats, hands tremor, anorexia, constipation, etc.).

[Cause]

heel bruises are caused by what the?

(a) causes

unclear etiology of this disease is generally believed that may be related to local friction or injury.

(B) the pathogenesis

pathogenesis is not clear, may be superficial dermal capillary rupture, hemoglobin by metabolism of the epidermis and the stratum corneum caused by discharge-like changes in skin pigmentation may also be for young people thrombocytopenic purpura part of the symptoms.

[Sign]

heel ecchymosis early symptoms?

occur in young people, especially ball players more common. Occur in one or both sides of the heel of the back or sides, occasionally in the distal plantar toe a toe or a few, often suddenly. damage to a cluster of blue-black or black spots, the pressure of not fade, state of confusion, can be integrated with each other, and more without symptoms, may be associated with hyperhidrosis.

according to lesion location and occurrence of clinical and pathological features, generally easy to diagnose.

[Aftertreat]

heel ecchymosis ate?

[Prevent]

halo effect should be how to prevent?

not prematurely on the first new teacher, students to make evaluation, to the extent possible with teachers and classmates for a wide range of contacts to promote mutual understanding.

second prompt attention to whether a comprehensive view of others, especially to have outstanding advantages or disadvantages of the teachers and students. The third interaction with others, do not overly concerned about how others evaluate themselves, to believe they will get other people's recognition and understanding.

should be ready to do their fourth note of every little thing, such as work, writing, duty, etc., with particular attention to possible deal and is ready to give their greater impact on the image of things.

The fifth is to dare to show themselves, so that more people understand their own strengths and advantages, but also as far as possible so that others understand their own shortcomings.

[Treat]

heel ecchymosis precautions before treatment?

(a) treatment

The disease usually need treatment, suspension movement, make spots disappear.

(b) the prognosis

better prognosis.

heel ecchymosis Chinese medicine treatment methods

No information

heel ecchymosis western treatment

No information

[Examine]

halo effect should be how?

embodied in three aspects:

cover of one. Sometimes we grasp things do not reflect the individual characteristics of the nature of things, can we still be used to push individual and general, and the overall push by some, is bound to feature far-fetched to introduce other errors. An arbitrary arrests Note the characteristics of good or bad, or the perfect person to assert that this invisible, or nothing, have made a one-sided error. Young love in "love at first sight" is because the object of one aspect in line with their own aesthetic, often thought, sentiment, character aspects that are not turning a blind eye to match at all, that object is "the angel with a halo"-like paradox are satisfactory. Similarly, in everyday life, because of a poor impression of something while ignoring its merits, abound.

second is superficial. halo effect is often produced in their own understanding of an individual is not in depth, which is still in a sense, the stage of perception, and thus vulnerable to feelings of superficial, partial and selective perception of the impact, which for a person's understanding of just focus on some of the external characteristics. Some personality traits or physical characteristics there is no intrinsic link between, we can easily put them together, the assertion that such features you will have other features, will be in the form of cover other than the internal substance. Such as the appearance of an upright, honest man may not be; looks smiling, not the surface and deal a. Simple link between these different quality, the overall impression must be obtained surface.

third is diffuse. On a person's overall attitude, but also associated with the impact of the specific characteristics of the people the things. Idioms "Aiwujiwu", "hate monks, and monks hate" is a manifestation of diffuse halo effect. "Han Feizi said difficult chapter" told the story. Duke Ling of wei mi very favorite of Rigoletto child flaw. mi Son flaw once the mother was sick, he learned that the night after the car stolen by Duke Ling of wei drive home. By defending the law, steal the car by the king's punishment is to be sentenced to cut off the feet (feet cut) is. But Duke Ling of wei was praised flaw filial son mi mother. On another occasion, mi Son flaw with the tour with Duke Ling of Wei, Taoyuan, he picked peaches to eat, that sweet, put the bite of the peach taste dedicated to Duke Ling of Wei, Duke Ling of wei Ai-Jun but also praised him for his heart. Later, mi Son flaw old and useless, not patronize the. Duke Ling of wei loved he by the non-appearance and not the quality of his other favorite, even before he had praised the two things, and now has become a flaw mi Son's "Qijunzhizui."

[Diff]

halo effect is easy to confuse the symptoms with which?

26 kinds of psychological effects

1, the first effect

that people get the information based on the initial impression formed is not easy to change, even so the later interpretation of new information obtained.

2, the recency effect

refers to the interpersonal communication process, perception of the object give the impression that the recent .

3. halo effect

also known as the halo effect. Refers to the perception of others as a deviation tendency, when one person to another person some of the main qualities have a good impression, the people will think that everything is good, this person was shrouded in a positive aura. On the contrary, were given other bad quality.

4, rigid effect

people's minds there is a group of people on a fixed impression of the psychological phenomenon known as stereotype effect.

bandwagon effect

refers to the group under the action of individuals to adjust and change their own and other people to make it more similar.

6, suggesting effects

refers to non-combat conditions, with the subtle, indirect method of abstract-induced people's psychological and behavioral impact, according to induce people to act a certain way or accept certain views, to thinking, behavior and expectations consistent with the objectives implied by.

7, celebrity

implied by accepting celebrity generated by trust and blind obedience to a phenomenon known as celebrity. That two people in a relationship, if at the outset that their own attitudes and values ​​with each other the same, it will make the other feel that you and he has more similarities to quickly narrow the psychological distance with you, you are more willing to close to form good relationships. Here, conscious, purposeful attitude to the other party and that perspectives like business card to introduce you to each other.

8, the role of effect:

real life, people with different social roles to participate in activities, which because of the role of caused by different psychological or behavioral changes known as the role of effect.

9, reward effect:

reward and punishment behavior of students outside the means to strengthen or weaken it by affect the student's self-evaluation, the students can have a significant psychological impact caused by the rewards and punishments act to strengthen or weaken the incentive effect is called.

10, pygmalion

It is considered by teachers to students the subtle psychological effects, so that teachers expect students to achieve the progress of the phenomenon known as "Rosenthal" effect, it is customary, also known as pygmalion (Pygmalion is a Greek mythology king of Naples in Sapp, he produced the statue of a girl affection, and his ultimate desire to make this statue into a real person, the two fall in love with).

11, the threshold effect (Climax effect)

psychologist Charles Er Dini, when the fund-raising for charity , just add a word even a penny Ye Hao, the more fund-raising to double the money and goods, which is well-known threshold effect, the effect of the basic content requirement is to start from low and gradually more demanding.

12, demolition effects

in 1927, lu xun was a "silent China," wrote an article This section of text: Chinese people always like to reconcile nature, compromise, for example, you say, this house is too dark, open a skylight that here, we must be allowed, but if you stand removed the roof, they will be to reconcile, are willing to open a window up. "This made a great first request, then make smaller demands less in psychology known as the demolition effects.

13, chain-like effect

proverb is that knows nothing doubts nothing, in psychology This phenomenon is known as chain-like effect, which refers to people in the growing mutual influence.

14, flowerpots effect

known local habitat effects, pot is a semi-manual, semi-natural small habitat. First, it has significant limitations on space, and secondly, due to artificially create a very suitable environmental conditions, in a period of time, crops and flowers can grow very well. But one person left the meticulous care, can not stand the temperature, but can not withstand the wind and rain.

15, Butterfly Effect:

refers to a dynamic system, small changes in initial conditions can bring the whole system of long-term huge chain reaction. That is a bad tiny mechanism, if not timely guidance, regulation, would bring great harm, dubbed the "tornado" or "Storm"; a good mechanism for small, as long as the correct guidelines, after a period of time, effort, will produce a sensational effect, or "revolution."

16, watch effects

we have this experience: If a person is only a watch, he knew a few now point; if you have two watches, he often did not know what time it is, that he could not know which watches more accurate, so he will not be able to determine the precise time. This is the "watch" effect of the original meaning.

17, the forbidden fruit effect

"forbidden fruit" comes from the , it was mysterious about the Eve the wisdom of the forbidden fruit tree attracted to eat the forbidden fruit and was banished to the earth. This forbidden fruit phenomenon caused by psychological reactance, called the "forbidden fruit effect".

18 gauge effect

stimulate too much, too strong or too long duration of action, will cause very impatient, or antagonistic psychological phenomenon, psychology called "super- limited effect "." This effect tells us that, in criticism or praise hours, should have a "degree." "Less than" of course, fail to accomplish the goal, but "excessive" would have overrun effects, not only achieve the desired effect, and even some reaction.

19, diffusion of responsibility effect

many bystanders neglecting the phenomenon known as diffusion of responsibility effect. That is, if the presence of so many people, the responsibility for seeking help from the people to share, resulting in fragmentation of responsibility, the responsibility of each person to share very few spectators and even that may not even his own sense of a responsibility not to produce a "I do not save, save by someone else" mentality, resulting in "collective indifference" situation.

20, matching effect:

that is, people have a new item after constantly adapt its configuration items in order to achieve psychological balance of the phenomenon.

21, Matthew

in the "Bible" in the "Matthew" Twenty-five chapters are so a few words: "Where some, but also be given to him told him redundant. not even all of his wins have come." In 1973, the United States the history of science researchers Merton a few words to sum up with this kind of social psychological phenomenon: "The scientists have made a considerable reputation for scientific contributions to honor more and more, and for those who have not known scientists did not recognize their achievements." Merton to this social psychological phenomenon called "horse too much effect. "

22, jensen effect

one player called Jason, usually well-trained, strong but sports arena, but again and again lost. Usually the kind of people to perform well, but because of lack of mental qualities which led to the failure of the arena is called jensen effect.

23, catfish effect

sardines without stimulation and post-harvest activities, would quickly die Norwegian fishermen return from the sea each time, in order not to die on the way the fish are put in the fish cabin a few catfish in order to stir up friction between them and the sardines and disputes, so a lot of sardines in the tension constantly swimming, the result is not only to avoid the sardine due to suffocation and death, but also to ensure that they arrive in a port of the jump. This phenomenon came to be known as catfish effect. It gives us a lesson: ① in the appropriate tension in order to better play ability. Therefore, parents and teachers to give students create the tense atmosphere of a moderate and guide the students learn to adapt to the stress. Of course we can not deny that excessive tension should be avoided to prevent irreversible physical and mental harm. ② To make full use of the class in the catfish, the class often have such a number of students, these students academic performance in general, but the energy is great, particularly active, the students have a certain appeal, they are to some extent affect the class discipline and learning. If you do not make good use of their initiative, is often counterproductive. In the setup of class cadre if these people promoted to appropriate leadership positions, will have catfish effect, easy to carry out class activities, Class Construction more smoothly.

24, the bottleneck effect

reflect certain social psychological process of various factors, aspects of mutual relations. Conducting a social role players to create activities, engaged in a study, work and life role behavior, the requirements associated with various factors, aspects of cooperation and coordination in hand, which if not a factor and links with on, will become a "bottleneck" stuck the whole event and an act normally. Sometimes, the "bottleneck effect" has been overcome, TOT (Tip Of the Tongue) state quickly from "almost had a few" to "have" from "in tongue" to "completely that out." , the problem is resolved, tends to create success. Sometimes, let the "bottleneck effect" works, TOT states are not removed, over time, relax and produce a psychological inertia, it will make the whole event and an act come to naught.

25, May yao (yao) effect (Monday effect)

(rest makes back) because the rest on Sunday to disrupt the normal life of students living and learning order, learning will decline, attention dispersion, lack of energy, thus affecting the effectiveness of learning, a phenomenon known as the effect on Yao.

26, Romeo and Juliet to be effective

Romeo and Juliet love each other, but the two sides feud, their love was a strongly hindered. But the oppression did not make them break up, but to make them love deeper, until Love. This phenomenon we call it Romeo and Juliet effect.

27, spillover effects

FDI (foreign direct investor) company host of related industries / enterprises in all aspects of impact all aspects of the host country's ability to be enough to compete with companies in order to cause FDI spillover effects.

28, a cognitive map effect

: that Laomashitu. emphasizes the cognitive and learning purpose.

29, the ratchet effect

also known as system-round effects, that people in the consumption of a habit. When the wage income reaches a certain level, this time spending habits, such as consumption of high-grade love clothes and food, will stabilize at a certain level; again when wages increase, the consumption habits may require higher, but not with the decrease in income reduce their consumption levels.

embodied in three aspects:

one cover of. Sometimes we grasp things do not reflect the individual characteristics of the nature of things, can we still be used to push individual and general, and the overall push by some, is bound to feature far-fetched to introduce other errors. An arbitrary arrests Note the characteristics of good or bad, or the perfect person to assert that this invisible, or nothing, have made a one-sided error. Young love in "love at first sight" is because the object of one aspect in line with their own aesthetic, often thought, sentiment, character aspects that are not turning a blind eye to match at all, that object is "the angel with a halo"-like paradox are satisfactory. Similarly, in everyday life, because of a poor impression of something while ignoring its merits, abound.

second is superficial. halo effect is often produced in their own understanding of an individual is not in depth, which is still in a sense, the stage of perception, and thus vulnerable to feelings of superficial, partial and selective perception of the impact, which for a person's understanding of just focus on some of the external characteristics. Some personality traits or physical characteristics there is no intrinsic link between, we can easily put them together, the assertion that such features you will have other features, will be in the form of cover other than the internal substance. Such as the appearance of an upright, honest man may not be; looks smiling, not the surface and deal a. Simple link between these different quality, the overall impression must be obtained surface.

third is diffuse. On a person's overall attitude, but also associated with the impact of the specific characteristics of the people the things. Idioms "Aiwujiwu", "hate monks, and monks hate" is a manifestation of diffuse halo effect. "Han Feizi said difficult chapter" told the story. Duke Ling of wei mi very favorite of Rigoletto child flaw. mi Son flaw once the mother was sick, he learned that the night after the car stolen by Duke Ling of wei drive home. By defending the law, steal the car by the king's punishment is to be sentenced to cut off the feet (feet cut) is. But Duke Ling of wei was praised flaw filial son mi mother. On another occasion, mi Son flaw with the tour with Duke Ling of Wei, Taoyuan, he picked peaches to eat, that sweet, put the bite of the peach taste dedicated to Duke Ling of Wei, Duke Ling of wei Ai-Jun but also praised him for his heart. Later, mi Son flaw old and useless, not patronize the. Duke Ling of wei loved he by the non-appearance and not the quality of his other favorite, even before he had praised the two things, and now has become a flaw mi Son's "Qijunzhizui."

[Disease]

halo effect may be caused by the diseases?

halo effect related diseases

lost edema in children - ear vertigo syndrome, nausea and vomiting, dizziness and anger in children with vomiting, dizziness and sexual deficiency dizziness syncope kidney qi phlegm vertigo syncope cervical vertigo and dizziness in the elderly toxicity dizziness and motion sickness positional vertigo vertigo vertigo elderly

more symptoms

"5P" sign "cough water ' addicted to the "three partial" syndrome asperger syndrome unresponsive to hiv infection Moro Todd paralysis (left temporarily aspirin allergy cancer rush fever septicemia accompanied by hypertension and white film mucosal bleeding baby with vivid fear of an outbreak of painful insecurity impulsive acts of violence were forced to turn a blind eye position difficult to establish levy autistic


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