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Pleural adhesions

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[Intro]

restless as a kind of performance anxiety. anxiety refers to a lack of clear objective reasons for feeling the pinch or unfounded fear. Bad the situation is expected to soon face a tension, manifested as persistent stress (stress, worry, insecurity) or the onset of panic state (movement of anxiety, increased petty, feel restless, or agitated cry), often accompanied by performance with autonomic dysfunction (dry mouth, chest tightness, palpitations, cold sweats, hands tremor, anorexia, constipation, etc.).

[Cause]

heel bruises are caused by what the?

(a) causes

unclear etiology of this disease is generally believed that may be related to local friction or injury.

(B) the pathogenesis

pathogenesis is not clear, may be superficial dermal capillary rupture, hemoglobin by metabolism of the epidermis and the stratum corneum caused by discharge-like changes in skin pigmentation may also be for young people thrombocytopenic purpura part of the symptoms.

[Sign]

heel ecchymosis early symptoms?

occur in young people, especially ball players more common. Occur in one or both sides of the heel of the back or sides, occasionally in the distal plantar toe a toe or a few, often suddenly. damage to a cluster of blue-black or black spots, the pressure of not fade, state of confusion, can be integrated with each other, and more without symptoms, may be associated with hyperhidrosis.

according to lesion location and occurrence of clinical and pathological features, generally easy to diagnose.

[Aftertreat]

heel ecchymosis ate?

[Prevent]

pleural adhesions should be how to prevent?

so have the disease, including pleural adhesions:

1. intrathoracic blood ( hemothorax) usually caused by chest injury.

2. thoracic empyema (empyema) can be pneumonia or lung abscess caused by spread to the chest.

3. chylous fluid build-up cavity (chylothorax) is the major lymphatic vessels from the chest (thoracic duct) duct obstruction due to damage or cancer.

4. trematodes mainly infiltrating the lung, cystic nodules and induration shadow, but can also be found pleural thickening and adhesions; inflammatory pseudotumor of the chest x-ray and CT scan, a few may have pleural adhesions shadow.

5. silicosis late as lung stretch and contraction of fibrous tissue adhesion, the diaphragm can present "canopy-like" image shows the lung at the end of pleural adhesions.

6. intrathoracic fluid accumulation occurred in the high cholesterol in some chronic pleural effusion, such as tuberculosis (more common, not repeat them) or rheumatoid arthritis (autopsy more than half of adhesive pleurisy, is common in patients with advanced severe) caused by.

These are the pathological production, also artificially produced, such as: malignant pleural effusion, pneumothorax, recurrent non-malignant pleural effusion, the chest cavity into the pleural blocking agent, such as doxycycline or talc solution, resulting in two layers of pleural adhesions with each other, eliminating the accumulation of liquid and gas space.

[Treat]

heel ecchymosis precautions before treatment?

(a) treatment

The disease usually need treatment, suspension movement, make spots disappear.

(b) the prognosis

better prognosis.

heel ecchymosis Chinese medicine treatment methods

No information

heel ecchymosis western treatment

No information

[Examine]

pleural adhesions should be how?

pleural thickening and adhesion, have limitations and breadth of the points. Extensive visceral adhesions will affect the lung respiratory function, extensive parietal adhesions can cause intercostal space becomes narrow, narrow thorax. Limitations often occurs in the costophrenic corner, leading to their reduced movement of the diaphragm. pleura can also appear more like a wide range of layer thickness and adhesion, not only will cause intercostal space narrowing, to the ipsilateral mediastinal shift to the contralateral spinal scoliosis, diaphragmatic rise, but will also put on the hilum, trachea shifted to the ipsilateral position, the outer membrane in addition to pleural adhesions, there is a cord-like, mainly in the chest wall between the surface and a lung. This adhesion is caused by a lesion of the upper lung.

seen in clinical patients, often both pleural thickening, pleural adhesions there. The clinical symptoms of each of the varying, but generally there will be chest pain or shortness of breath and other symptoms.

[Diff]

What are the symptoms of pleural adhesions easily confused?

the differential diagnosis of pleural adhesions:

1, pleural thickening and adhesion: tuberculosis, pleurisy and pleural cavity of patients with chest injuries, there is often leakage of fluid, once the fluid in the pleural fibrin calm, and can lead to pleural thickening, if fibrin keep calm, relatively gradually stick two pleural with, or pleural cavity granulation tissue, can also lead to pleural thickening as well as adhesion.

2, pleural thickening: first pleural thickening caused by pleurisy. Some up to 2 cm above the fibrous connective tissue, pale, the surface of granulation tissue, necrotic tissue abscess and a large quantity of empyema and pleurisy are separated in two, one for dry pleurisy (without pleural effusion), Another exudative pleurisy (pleural effusion). Have pleural thickening was mainly due to too second pleurisy. As the pleural effusion did not timely detection and pumping treatment, pleural effusion in the pleural cavity of a long stay, pleural effusion with pleural effusion in stimulating fibrin attached to the chest wall so that pleural thickening hyperplasia. Therefore, the risk of pleural effusion of patients to the hospital treatment, otherwise it is easy to produce pleural thickening. General water use B-chest can check it out.

pleural thickening and adhesion, have limitations and breadth of the points. Extensive visceral adhesions will affect the lung respiratory function, extensive parietal adhesions can cause intercostal space becomes narrow, narrow thorax. Limitations often occurs in the costophrenic corner, leading to their reduced movement of the diaphragm. pleura can also appear more like a wide range of layer thickness and adhesion, not only will cause intercostal space narrowing, to the ipsilateral mediastinal shift to the contralateral spinal scoliosis, diaphragmatic rise, but will also put on the hilum, trachea shifted to the ipsilateral position, the outer membrane in addition to pleural adhesions, there is a cord-like, mainly in the chest wall between the surface and a lung. This adhesion is caused by a lesion of the upper lung.

seen in clinical patients, often both pleural thickening, pleural adhesions there. The clinical symptoms of each of the varying, but generally there will be chest pain or shortness of breath and other symptoms.

[Disease]

pleural adhesions may be caused by the diseases?

pleural adhesion-related diseases

limitations of diffuse pleural mesothelioma pleural mesothelial tumor of the lung, pleural amebiasis chronic suppurative pleurisy

more chest symptoms

"multi-temperament" heart sounds " butterfly-like "shadow co2 retention pas staining large abnormal qrs wave QT interval prolongation t wave flat or inverted one hundred specific symptoms of valve thickening and valve leaflet thickening after satiation chest crackles gallop heart sounds allergic cough without pathological q waves Typical chest pain does not complete the room block side rib pain of unstable angina stitch


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