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Bedridden

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[Intro]

sick bed, and not up. bedridden (or bedridden, sick in bed) is the elderly due to chronic illness and disability caused by daily living impaired, partially or totally need someone to help a clinical phenomenon, including bed-ridden, chairs and only can not go out to the elderly living room. Serious consequences of chronic illness in bed, in the event, renewed hope of recovery small and should focus on prevention.

[Cause]

centipede stings is what causes it?

(a) causes

centipede body elongated, about 6 ~ 7cm, the trunk has 21, two side there are a lot of feet, symmetrical distribution, the two front feet has a pairs of appendages, which is a limb of the drug, also known as poison claws, hooked claws at the end, the central tubular venom gland connected with the body, when the poison claws piercing the skin that release venom, causing skin lesions and systemic symptoms.

(B) the pathogenesis

centipede poison limb, also known as poison claws, piercing the skin that release venom when , causing skin lesions and systemic symptoms.

[Sign]

centipede stings the early symptoms?

skin wound after being bitten by two blood spots occur, followed by swelling of the surrounding skin, burning, pain and itching feeling, their lymph nodes and lymphatic inflammation, light a few days the rash can be dissipated, if they are large centipede bites, as more venom into the body, in addition to local skin irritation or necrosis, but also fever, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headache, palpitations, delirium and convulsions and other symptoms of systemic poisoning, especially children, can be life threatening.

based on history and clinical features, generally difficult to diagnose.

[Aftertreat]

centipede stings ate?

[Prevent]

bedridden should be how to prevent?

bedridden elderly should be based on the prevention of chronic illness could have been some mild cases of the disease, the absence of its appropriate guidance, resulting in elderly bedridden. Elderly general physical weak, its resilience will, in areas such as poor risk than young people more, so just a little minor ailments have a tendency to over-caution, resulting in unnecessary bedridden → → disuse syndrome worsening symptoms, complications → make bed time more-perpetuating cycle. Therefore, the more the elderly should be more away from the bed as soon as possible, specific programs to prevent chronic illness bed is:

① causes and prevention incentives, mainly the prevention of stroke and fractures.

② prevent bedridden elderly man-made bed rest early after the stress out of bed early too quiet activities have adverse consequences.

rehabilitation shall be done, should be in no later than 1 week after onset.

rehabilitation should be to improve activities of daily living, and to improve the quality of life as the goal, not limited to general rehabilitation.

⑤ early locker, eating and other daily life should not be lying in bed.

improve the living environment, with a good variety of machines such as the back frame, then sat beside the bed, wheelchair, etc., in order to avoid complex nature of disability.

⑦ active use of community health and welfare facilities, well rehabilitation, and (or) to participate in day hospital in order to maintain daily living skills, in order to prevent chronic illness bed.

[Treat]

centipede stings before treatment considerations?

(a) treatment

1. found immediately after the bite with soap and water wash the affected area with a breast pump or cupping method as sucked venom. Local application may be 5% to 10% dilute ammonia solution (ammonia) or 5% to 10% sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) solution. alkali powder or alcohol can also be transferred into a thin paste applied externally, to neutralize the acid released centipede venom, can relieve pain and reduce symptoms, but the wound should not use wet methods, or prone to blisters, erosions or organization necrosis.

2. When significant swelling, severe pain, bleeding or bitten in the proximal end of the subcutaneous injection of 1% hydrochloric acid by Miding (emetine) solution 3ml , can rapidly relieve pain, or injection of 0.5% to 1% or 2% lidocaine procaine, not only pain, and prevent spread of venom.

3. Nantong quarter victorious snake oral tablets or shanghai Yi Yao, the drug can also tune into a paste with water, coated with the lesion.

4. selected or houttuynia herbs such as fresh purslane, dandelion, fresh mulberry leaves smashed Fuyu affected area. hair cat grass can also be used to break fresh juice onto the affected area, it was the toon with fresh leaves add eggs and mix thoroughly smashed onto the affected area, can achieve analgesic effect.

5. had systemic symptoms should be promptly rescued, as soon as possible to give antihistamines and corticosteroids.

(b) the prognosis

addition to skin lesions, but also fever, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headache, palpitations, delirium and convulsions and other symptoms of systemic poisoning, especially children, can be life threatening.

centipede stings Chinese medicine treatment methods

No information

centipede stings western treatment

No information

[Examine]

bedridden should do what check?

bedridden - clinical

1. the body can occur in a variety of bed-ridden performance complications, prolonged bed rest due to disease progression and braking cause a range of clinical manifestations, called disuse syndrome, syndrome or lack of exercise, once older people enter this state would be difficult to get rid of.

(1) the nervous system:

① sensory changes: the bedridden elderly often accompanied by paresthesia and pain threshold lower, when paralyzed patients when involving afferent nerve fibers, and soon manifested in damage below the level of sensory loss or dysesthesia.

movement dysfunction: long-term bedridden patients every day for all sports activities of daily living are lower than sedentary people in this campaign flaccid paralysis caused by more limited is obvious.

③ the autonomic nervous system instability: the bedridden elderly people over the autonomic nervous system activity or inactivity, the results difficult to maintain the balance of independent activities, which the patient can not adapt to changes in posture daily activities such as the autonomic nervous system instability also have some impact on the cardiovascular system.

(2) muscular system: the most obvious signs of long-term bed rest occurred in the muscular system, especially in paralyzed patients.

muscle strength, endurance, decreased: in bed one week after the loss of muscle strength can be 20%, after one week of each bed will enable the remaining 20% ​​of muscle weakness; in the absence of any motor nerve damage when people dominant side grip if it is 50kg, 1 week after the brake is only 40kg, 2 weeks after the 32kg3 weeks later, compared with 25kg, and so on. The muscle will have much slower rate of recovery, according to a daily exercise program with the greatest strength of the people to participate in the calculation, a week increased by only 10% of original strength. Stamina loss is the result of decreased muscle strength, decreased muscle strength of its occurrence with the same speed.

② disuse muscle atrophy: muscle shrinkage is the most obvious signs of long-term bed rest is one of the reasons for decreased muscle endurance. Flaccid paralysis in patients, due to lower motor unit action potential disappeared, they lost control of muscle fiber contraction ability, has the effect of muscle atrophy. In the upper motor neuron damage caused by spasm or splinting of paralyzed patients. muscle atrophy can be only normal volume of 30% to 35%.

poor coordination and muscle contraction: muscle atrophy, decreased muscle strength and endurance limited motor coordination caused by factors such as poor performance in the upper and lower limbs severely affected patients to complete activities of daily living capacity. Patients with central nervous system damage is mainly due to impact of uncoordinated motor units or higher central lesions, but the bed itself also play a role. muscle atrophy is often accompanied by muscle contracture more common in the knee flexor and extensor muscles to stand and walk a serious obstacle.

(3) the skeletal system:

osteoporosis and ectopic calcification: Due to reduced muscle activity after bed rest and hydroxyl proline and calcium excretion increased bone depletion of organic and inorganic compounds, leading to osteoporosis, which is more than their peers in bed for the elderly prone to fracture. Caused by the transfer of calcium transient or persistent hypercalcemia, often accompanied by calcium deposition in soft tissue damage, which is called ectopic calcification.

joint fibrosis and joint stiffness: the two main damage is in bed ill for a long performance. bedridden elderly people because decreased joint movement, the muscles around the joint have been gradually replaced by connective tissue with ectopic calcification of soft tissue around the joints, joints become stiff and can not be a full range of activities, resulting in irreversible deformities, causing permanent joint stiffness and deformation caused by arthritis and inflammation around the joint.

③ low back pain: low back muscle contracture caused by prolonged bed rest, lumbar lordosis increased degree of the pelvis forward, easily lead to back pain.

(4) the cardiovascular system:

① heart rate: in the bedridden elderly, sympathetic tone basis over the vagus nerve leading to increased heart rate.

effort to reduce the reserve: the elderly decreased myocardial contractility, cardiac output decreased, while heart rate increased after prolonged bed rest, diastolic filling time reduced end-diastolic volume, heart functions to further reduce the reserve than before bed, so the patient only limited physical activity, because excessive force may cause significant tachycardia and angina, it can be said of potential heart failure performance.

③ orthostatic hypotension: This is the most common long-term bed rest after the cardiovascular system not suited to one of the symptoms. bedridden elderly people sit in the stand and when the two lower limbs were significantly decreased venous congestion, prevent ventricular diastolic filling ventricular stroke volume decreased, so that the orthostatic blood pressure was significantly reduced.

④ edema: limb movement to promote venous return, due to disuse and is not in the limbs so easily lead to venous stasis increased capillary hydrostatic pressure, liquid penetration into the tissue edema clearance. Such as edema of long duration plasma fibrinogen into the extravascular penetration of the formation of fibrin, easily lead to contracture, contracture can increase the degree of disuse, the results of a vicious circle.

vein thrombosis: long-term bed rest, the role of skeletal muscle to pump significant reduction or disappearance of venous blood stasis, often in the elderly with a hypercoagulable state likely to cause vein thrombosis.

(5) Respiratory:

① reduced lung capacity and reduce the large amount of ventilation: maximal inspiratory or bedridden elderly forced expiratory time, intercostal muscles, diaphragm and abdominal muscles little contraction, coupled with decreased respiratory muscle strength, rib vertebral joints and joint cartilage can not withstand the full range of activities, resulting in lung capacity, effective ventilation volume and maximum breathing capacity was reduced.

② hypoxia: the level of damage and the restrictive position (bed) on the pulmonary circulation, making the ventilation / perfusion ratio was significantly reduced. bedridden elderly can occur, such as hypoventilation and pulmonary blood flow over the lower part, causing significant arteriovenous short-circuit reduces arterial oxygen tension, leading to hypoxia. If patient movement due to infection or increased metabolic needs oxygen more obvious.

③ hypostatic pneumonia: a bed makes respiratory ciliary clearance significantly lower respiratory tract mucus to accumulate in the lower part of the bronchial easy, plus the cough reflex, respiratory movement is limited and less easily causing bacteria and viruses multiply in the lungs occurred hypostatic pneumonia. chronic illness or malnutrition, lowered immunity, the elderly caused by improper food being diverted to feed the airway more likely to cause lung infection.

(6) Digestive System: gastrointestinal activities are fully ambulatory elderly decreased, not only affects the creep properties, also affect the digestive gland secretion.

① loss of appetite: no activities for the elderly need to reduce the heat, stay in bed cause anxiety - depression, can cause significant loss of appetite, leading to malnutrition.

② constipation: for elderly bedridden enhanced sympathetic tone, decreased gastrointestinal motility, increased intestinal absorption of water, liquid and fiber intake is too small, easily lead to constipation. For a long time can cause constipation or fecal obstruction intestinal obstruction.

(7) the endocrine and urinary system:

① polyuria: bed rest occurs mainly in the early, because the body in a horizontal position, part of the extracellular fluid transferred to the venous side of the microvascular bed of the increased venous return, right atrial volume receptor reflex excitability inhibition of the anti-diuretic hormone secretion, leading to polyuria.

increase in urinary sodium excretion: This is the early polyuria occur with a temporary phenomenon.

③ excessive urinary calcium: Long-term bed rest caused by osteoporosis, bone continuously into the blood finally to an increase in urinary calcium excretion.

kidney stones and urinary tract infection: a significant excess of bladder dysfunction calcium and catheter placement, prone to urinary tract infections. Excessive urinary calcium, urinary retention and urinary tract infections can lead to renal pelvis or lower urinary tract stones produced, repeated episodes of urinary tract infection and renal calculi may be gradually undermined.

(8) skin System:

skin atrophy: loss of appetite and malnutrition as subcutaneous fat reduction, skin aging of the skin thinner and elastic fiber degeneration, leading to loss of skin fullness

② bedsores: This is a common clinical manifestations of long-term bed rest, more common in the sacrum, ischial tuberosity and lateral and other parts. This is not only a simple mechanical compression caused by circulatory disturbance, but also with malnutrition feces, urine and other moisture and the formation of local pollution and other factors.

2. mental performance of elderly ambulatory chronic illness is almost always a certain degree of mental disorder, because they can not activities, social activities to reduce prone to anxiety - depression, intellectual ability activities for a long time and not behind closed doors and without significant loss. according to the survey 42% of the elderly at home ill for a long stay in bed one person alone; and their families often speak of only 58.6%; 40% to 60% do not watch TV, newspapers, listening to the radio; 79.3% no interest in life; 39.5% never get married out of community communication is almost cut off; 18.2% near dementia. Therefore, the elderly a long illness in bed, quality of life badly affected, often despair physical disorders are often increased, the body of psychological disorder → disorder → psychological disorders increased, creating a vicious cycle, the elderly gradually until the end of life.

3. the social performance of the bedridden elderly not only cause physical and psychological barriers and reduced quality of life, but also to the family and society a heavy burden. bedridden elderly family members often need to invest a lot of physical, mental and financial help, thus affecting the normal life of the family bed reduced ability of daily life for the elderly, who need someone to take care of more than 90%, resulting in 57.1% of the family can not go out , 33.4% can not sleep, can not go to work 25.6% 1.5% can not get married. Ambulatory health care needs of elderly increase, high medical costs, hospitalization rate. chronic illness in the elderly in bed in hospital, 31%, the remaining 69%, 2 / 3 home, 1 / 3 of the pension unit. With China's family planning policy, the traditional extended family gradually reduced, increasing nuclear families, the elderly, the next generation of economic dependence increases with decreasing nuclear families cared for an aging population will lead to the increased number of elderly and widows and the needy old , which will gradually take care of the elderly in bed to switch to service-oriented society, how to use the limited social resources and health services research to a variety of social measures to improve the social environment to ensure health care for the elderly bed and living conditions of our The challenge.

complications:

the most common complications are bedsores and pneumonia. fractures in the elderly is one of the main long-term bed rest.

bedridden - diagnosis

bed of the diagnostic criteria for chronic illness in the 1970s made Japan the elderly sick residues after treatment (including rehabilitation) no longer hope to get up and stay in bed for more than six months in bed, but as a long illness due to aging of the large individual differences and the different causes of bed, can not be generalized, even if the bed in January, but also the type of disease and determine the extent of chronic illness in bed. As the aging population and changes in disease spectrum, and gradually improve the quality of life of older persons attention. 90 years in Japan again, the elderly due to chronic illness and disability caused by daily living decline some or all of the clinical phenomenon in need of help, as long illness bed. And in accordance with the degree of daily living disability elderly classification as follows: ① self-care: Although disability, but generally take care of themselves everyday life, and go out on their own. ② bed early: interior life generally take care of themselves, but no support can not go out. ③ A-bed period: indoor living needs of people living in bed-based support. ④ bed phase B: bed-day life.

[Diff]

bedridden What are the symptoms easily confused?

increased low back pain in bed: low back pain worse when in bed, but after getting reduced, consideration should be given back fibrous tissue inflammation.

bedridden - clinical

1. physical performance bedridden complications can occur, due to disease progression bedridden and braking cause a range of clinical manifestations, called disuse syndrome, syndrome or lack of exercise, once older people enter this state would be difficult to get rid of.

(1) the nervous system:

① sensory changes: the bedridden elderly often accompanied by paresthesia and pain threshold lower, when paralyzed patients when involving afferent nerve fibers, and soon manifested in damage below the level of sensory loss or dysesthesia.

movement dysfunction: long-term bedridden patients every day for all sports activities of daily living are lower than sedentary people in this campaign flaccid paralysis caused by more limited is obvious.

③ the autonomic nervous system instability: the bedridden elderly people over the autonomic nervous system activity or inactivity, the results difficult to maintain the balance of independent activities, which the patient can not adapt to changes in posture daily activities such as the autonomic nervous system instability also have some impact on the cardiovascular system.

(2) muscular system: the most obvious signs of long-term bed rest occurred in the muscular system, especially in paralyzed patients.

muscle strength, endurance, decreased: in bed one week after the loss of muscle strength can be 20%, after one week of each bed will enable the remaining 20% ​​of muscle weakness; in the absence of any motor nerve damage when people dominant side grip if it is 50kg, 1 week after the brake is only 40kg, 2 weeks after the 32kg3 weeks later, compared with 25kg, and so on. The muscle will have much slower rate of recovery, according to a daily exercise program with the greatest strength of the people to participate in the calculation, a week increased by only 10% of original strength. Stamina loss is the result of decreased muscle strength, decreased muscle strength of its occurrence with the same speed.

② disuse muscle atrophy: muscle shrinkage is the most obvious signs of long-term bed rest is one of the reasons for decreased muscle endurance. Flaccid paralysis in patients, due to lower motor unit action potential disappeared, they lost control of muscle fiber contraction ability, has the effect of muscle atrophy. In the upper motor neuron damage caused by spasm or splinting of paralyzed patients. muscle atrophy can be only normal volume of 30% to 35%.

poor coordination and muscle contraction: muscle atrophy, decreased muscle strength and endurance limited motor coordination caused by factors such as poor performance in the upper and lower limbs severely affected patients to complete activities of daily living capacity. Patients with central nervous system damage is mainly due to impact of uncoordinated motor units or higher central lesions, but the bed itself also play a role. muscle atrophy is often accompanied by muscle contracture more common in the knee flexor and extensor muscles to stand and walk a serious obstacle.

(3) the skeletal system:

osteoporosis and ectopic calcification: Due to reduced muscle activity after bed rest and hydroxyl proline and calcium excretion increased bone depletion of organic and inorganic compounds, leading to osteoporosis, which is more than their peers in bed for the elderly prone to fracture. Caused by the transfer of calcium transient or persistent hypercalcemia, often accompanied by calcium deposition in soft tissue damage, which is called ectopic calcification.

joint fibrosis and joint stiffness: the two main damage is in bed ill for a long performance. bedridden elderly people because decreased joint movement, the muscles around the joint have been gradually replaced by connective tissue with ectopic calcification of soft tissue around the joints, joints become stiff and can not be a full range of activities, resulting in irreversible deformities, causing permanent joint stiffness and deformation caused by arthritis and inflammation around the joint.

③ low back pain: low back muscle contracture caused by prolonged bed rest, lumbar lordosis increased degree of the pelvis forward, easily lead to back pain.

(4) the cardiovascular system:

① heart rate: in the bedridden elderly, sympathetic tone basis over the vagus nerve leading to increased heart rate.

effort to reduce the reserve: the elderly decreased myocardial contractility, cardiac output decreased, while heart rate increased after prolonged bed rest, diastolic filling time reduced end-diastolic volume, heart functions to further reduce the reserve than before bed, so the patient only limited physical activity, because excessive force may cause significant tachycardia and angina, it can be said of potential heart failure performance.

③ orthostatic hypotension: This is the most common long-term bed rest after the cardiovascular system not suited to one of the symptoms. bedridden elderly people sit in the stand and when the two lower limbs were significantly decreased venous congestion, prevent ventricular diastolic filling ventricular stroke volume decreased, so that the orthostatic blood pressure was significantly reduced.

④ edema: limb movement to promote venous return, due to disuse and is not in the limbs so easily lead to venous stasis increased capillary hydrostatic pressure, liquid penetration into the tissue edema clearance. Such as edema of long duration plasma fibrinogen into the extravascular penetration of the formation of fibrin, easily lead to contracture, contracture can increase the degree of disuse, the results of a vicious circle.

vein thrombosis: long-term bed rest, the role of skeletal muscle to pump significant reduction or disappearance of venous blood stasis, often in the elderly with a hypercoagulable state likely to cause vein thrombosis.

(5) Respiratory:

① reduced lung capacity and reduce the large amount of ventilation: maximal inspiratory or bedridden elderly forced expiratory time, intercostal muscles, diaphragm and abdominal muscles little contraction, coupled with decreased respiratory muscle strength, rib vertebral joints and joint cartilage can not withstand the full range of activities, resulting in lung capacity, effective ventilation volume and maximum breathing capacity was reduced.

② hypoxia: the level of damage and the restrictive position (bed) on the pulmonary circulation, making the ventilation / perfusion ratio was significantly reduced. bedridden elderly can occur, such as hypoventilation and pulmonary blood flow over the lower part, causing significant arteriovenous short-circuit reduces arterial oxygen tension, leading to hypoxia. If patient movement due to infection or increased metabolic needs oxygen more obvious.

③ hypostatic pneumonia: a bed makes respiratory ciliary clearance significantly lower respiratory tract mucus to accumulate in the lower part of the bronchial easy, plus the cough reflex, respiratory movement is limited and less easily causing bacteria and viruses multiply in the lungs occurred hypostatic pneumonia. chronic illness or malnutrition, lowered immunity, the elderly caused by improper food being diverted to feed the airway more likely to cause lung infection.

(6) Digestive System: gastrointestinal activities are fully ambulatory elderly decreased, not only affects the creep properties, also affect the digestive gland secretion.

① loss of appetite: no activities for the elderly need to reduce the heat, stay in bed cause anxiety - depression, can cause significant loss of appetite, leading to malnutrition.

② constipation: for elderly bedridden enhanced sympathetic tone, decreased gastrointestinal motility, increased intestinal absorption of water, liquid and fiber intake is too small, easily lead to constipation. For a long time can cause constipation or fecal obstruction intestinal obstruction.

(7) the endocrine and urinary system:

① polyuria: bed rest occurs mainly in the early, because the body in a horizontal position, part of the extracellular fluid transferred to the venous side of the microvascular bed of the increased venous return, right atrial volume receptor reflex excitability inhibition of the anti-diuretic hormone secretion, leading to polyuria.

increase in urinary sodium excretion: This is the early polyuria occur with a temporary phenomenon.

③ excessive urinary calcium: Long-term bed rest caused by osteoporosis, bone continuously into the blood finally to an increase in urinary calcium excretion.

kidney stones and urinary tract infection: a significant excess of bladder dysfunction calcium and catheter placement, prone to urinary tract infections. Excessive urinary calcium, urinary retention and urinary tract infections can lead to renal pelvis or lower urinary tract stones produced, repeated episodes of urinary tract infection and renal calculi may be gradually undermined.

(8) skin System:

skin atrophy: loss of appetite and malnutrition as subcutaneous fat reduction, skin aging of the skin thinner and elastic fiber degeneration, leading to loss of skin fullness

② bedsores: This is a common clinical manifestations of long-term bed rest, more common in the sacrum, ischial tuberosity and lateral and other parts. This is not only a simple mechanical compression caused by circulatory disturbance, but also with malnutrition feces, urine and other moisture and the formation of local pollution and other factors.

2. mental performance of elderly ambulatory chronic illness is almost always a certain degree of mental disorder, because they can not activities, social activities to reduce prone to anxiety - depression, intellectual ability activities for a long time and not behind closed doors and without significant loss. according to the survey 42% of the elderly at home ill for a long stay in bed one person alone; and their families often speak of only 58.6%; 40% to 60% do not watch TV, newspapers, listening to the radio; 79.3% no interest in life; 39.5% never get married out of community communication is almost cut off; 18.2% near dementia. Therefore, the elderly a long illness in bed, quality of life badly affected, often despair physical disorders are often increased, the body of psychological disorder → disorder → psychological disorders increased, creating a vicious cycle, the elderly gradually until the end of life.

3. the social performance of the bedridden elderly not only cause physical and psychological barriers and reduced quality of life, but also to the family and society a heavy burden. bedridden elderly family members often need to invest a lot of physical, mental and financial help, thus affecting the normal life of the family bed reduced ability of daily life for the elderly, who need someone to take care of more than 90%, resulting in 57.1% of the family can not go out , 33.4% can not sleep, can not go to work 25.6% 1.5% can not get married. Ambulatory health care needs of elderly increase, high medical costs, hospitalization rate. chronic illness in the elderly in bed in hospital, 31%, the remaining 69%, 2 / 3 home, 1 / 3 of the pension unit. With China's family planning policy, the traditional extended family gradually reduced, increasing nuclear families, the elderly, the next generation of economic dependence increases with decreasing nuclear families cared for an aging population will lead to the increased number of elderly and widows and the needy old , which will gradually take care of the elderly in bed to switch to service-oriented society, how to use the limited social resources and health services research to a variety of social measures to improve the social environment to ensure health care for the elderly bed and living conditions of our The challenge.

complications:

the most common complications are bedsores and pneumonia. fractures in the elderly is one of the main long-term bed rest.

bedridden - diagnosis

bed of the diagnostic criteria for chronic illness in the 1970s made Japan the elderly sick residues after treatment (including rehabilitation) no longer hope to get up and stay in bed for more than six months in bed, but as a long illness due to aging of the large individual differences and the different causes of bed, can not be generalized, even if the bed in January, but also the type of disease and determine the extent of chronic illness in bed. As the aging population and changes in disease spectrum, and gradually improve the quality of life of older persons attention. 90 years in Japan again, the elderly due to chronic illness and disability caused by daily living decline some or all of the clinical phenomenon in need of help, as long illness bed. And in accordance with the degree of daily living disability elderly classification as follows: ① self-care: Although disability, but generally take care of themselves everyday life, and go out on their own. ② bed early: interior life generally take care of themselves, but no support can not go out. ③ A-bed period: indoor living needs of people living in bed-based support. ④ bed phase B: bed-day life.

[Disease]

bedridden related diseases

elderly bedridden bed

more symptoms

"5P" sign "cough water" addiction "three side" syndrome Asperger syndrome, hiv infection moro unresponsive Todd paralysis (left temporarily aspirin allergy cancer rush fever septicemia accompanied by hypertension and white film mucosal bleeding baby with vivid fear violence, lack of security fulminant pain difficult to turn a blind eye position impulsive behavior forced symptoms autism legislation


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